how to measure a hip roof from the ground

Tip: Punch your measurements into an online roofing calculator to save yourself time and effort. Support wikiHow by They run from the ridge (the uppermost edge of the roof) down to the exterior walls of the structure. This procedure to measure roof slope can be performed on the roof or from a ladder at roof edge. You can measure the ridge while you are getting the length of the roof. Ask the assistant to hold one end of the measuring tape at a point that aligns with the outer edge of the roof at one side. This saves a ton of time and trips up/down the ladder. When presenting your roof slope, the vertical rise is always before the horizontal run. Measure from the top of the last rafter you set to the top of the next one in the row to figure out how much to wood to take off of each board. (This is the line to cut along) How to Measure Roof Pitch From Ground. X After that, you will have to try and find a good hip roof pitch calculator to make sure you can get the last of the calculations. This image may not be used by other entities without the express written consent of wikiHow, Inc.
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\u00a9 2021 wikiHow, Inc. All rights reserved. wikiHow is where trusted research and expert knowledge come together. Pyramid hip roof calculator helps to determine the required amount of material for the construction and dimensions of key elements. This is the pointy end of the hip. You may need to use temporary braces to stabilize your hip rafters until you can nail them down once you actually begin building. Here is the online hip roof area calculator which helps you calculate the hip roof parameters such as roof rise, common and hip rafters length and roof area based on width, height of roof base and the roof pitch (identical for all sides). https://www.popularmechanics.com/home/how-to/a9631/dont-be-an-idiiot-how-to-use-any-kind-of-ladder-safely-16123359/, https://www.spikevm.com/calculators/roof/hip-asphalt.php, https://www.roofingcalc.com/how-to-measure-and-estimate-a-roof-like-a-pro/, https://www.calculator.net/roofing-calculator.html, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qoyN-eQi5zw&feature=youtu.be&t=169, https://www.proconstructionguide.com/how-to-do-roof-estimates-quickly-and-accurately/, https://myrooff.com/hip-roof-framing-and-building/, https://www.thearchitectsguide.com/blog/best-laser-measuring-tools, https://all3dp.com/1/best-3d-architecture-software/, https://www.thisoldhouse.com/ideas/roof-shapes, https://www.carpentry-pro-framer.com/hip-roof.html, https://www.carpentry-pro-framer.com/hip-roof-framing.html, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=p8s7a_OJKnU&feature=youtu.be&t=135, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=O9-i1sx2-vE&feature=youtu.be&t=62, https://www.thesawguy.com/how-to-cut-rafter-birdsmouth/, consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. The picture shown is an aerial view of a roof with both a hip end and gable ends. This article was co-authored by David Bitan. Measure distance “A” along the unit run and mark. If you are trying to undertake this all yourself, then you should really be looking for the most effective way of working out things like the hip roof square footage. We know ads can be annoying, but they’re what allow us to make all of wikiHow available for free. “Slope” is sometimes used interchangeably with “pitch,” though pitch more accurately describes the steepness of the roof in relation to its overall size. This section is a simple triangle. This image is not<\/b> licensed under the Creative Commons license applied to text content and some other images posted to the wikiHow website. The exact length of each of your rafter boards will depend on the particular slope you’ve selected for your roof. Hips and top ridge: Visually count how many ridge pieces are on your roof. With over 12 years of construction industry experience, David specializes in restoring, repairing, and maintaining residential, commercial, and industrial roofs. This image is not<\/b> licensed under the Creative Commons license applied to text content and some other images posted to the wikiHow website. This image may not be used by other entities without the express written consent of wikiHow, Inc.
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\u00a9 2021 wikiHow, Inc. All rights reserved. Simply locate a roof rafter board, place the end of the level against the bottom edge and measure from the 12-inch mark vertically to the bottom edge of the rafter. If this distance measures 4 inches, you have a 4 in 12 pitch; 8 inches and you have an 8 in 12 pitch. eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'myrooff_com-leader-1','ezslot_15',123,'0','0']));For example, you might need a hip roof framing calculator to work out the depth and the range of the frame that is to go up, to make sure everything can be cut and prepared to the right size. For this, you'll use the same formula that you would use to find the area of an ordinary triangle or trapezoid. Get it right by looking around for the correct style of calculator and you will save yourself a lot of time, resources and stress. Sketching out a rough diagram of the roof can help you visualize how each of the components will fit together. They did a good job but as you know, I'm a big fan of DIY so I'm wanting to build this structure myself. In hip roof designs, all four exterior walls support the ends of roof rafters, so all exterior walls bear a weight load from the roof above them. If you’re working with a rectangular roof, be sure to measure both the longer and shorter hips separately. This image may not be used by other entities without the express written consent of wikiHow, Inc.
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\u00a9 2021 wikiHow, Inc. All rights reserved. It’s not necessary to measure the vertical sides of your roof, or to figure out its slope. To find the square footage of a hip roof, you just need to calculate the area of each of its faces. For many people, being able to get the right kind of hip roof calculator is very important, as knowing how to measure a hip roof is going to be vital to making sure that it turns out well. This image is not<\/b> licensed under the Creative Commons license applied to text content and some other images posted to the wikiHow website. This image may not be used by other entities without the express written consent of wikiHow, Inc.
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\u00a9 2021 wikiHow, Inc. All rights reserved. A well-built hip roof can lend homes and other buildings a sleek, simplistic, modern aesthetic and cut down on the number of extra materials needed for more complicated roof styles, such as gable or dormer roofs. Climb up to the roof and measure each face of the hip roof. wikiHow, Inc. is the copyright holder of this image under U.S. and international copyright laws. If possible, have a helper steady the ladder from ground level while you work. By signing up you are agreeing to receive emails according to our privacy policy. Research source. First, measure the length and width of each surface on the roof, then multiply these values to get the square footage of that surface. Taking the time to work out all of these little quirks long before you actually embark on the job is very much worth your time, cutting back on the heartache and the stress that can come with getting the roof measurements wrong and leaving yourself in a bit of a position moving forward. Simply looking around for the correct kind of calculator will pay dividends for you as it will ensure that what you are calculating and putting together is going to be mathematically correct, avoiding any problems with structural weaknesses and similar foundation issues. . wikiHow, Inc. is the copyright holder of this image under U.S. and international copyright laws. Set up your ladder beneath one of the roof’s hips, or sloped faces. Main Slope Enter or select the slope of the main roof common rafter. We use cookies to make wikiHow great. A good piece of 3D construction software will guarantee even more precise results. Measure out 12" along the level bottom edge - the green line in our sketch. The only difference in this calculation to the one for a Gable roof area is the amount of the Ridge. Write down and label each of your measurements clearly as you map out the size and shape of your roof. Step 2. wikiHow, Inc. is the copyright holder of this image under U.S. and international copyright laws. 14 July 2020. (2) Height of structure. With over 60 years of combined experience, Bumble Roofing provides easy, friendly services to structures including residential, commercial, industrial, multi-family, and government buildings along with hospitals, hotels, and churches. By using our site, you agree to our. Some people will need to work out certain aspects of the job separately, so for example you might want to start by looking for a hip roof shingle calculator. Lower the measuring tape to the surface of the roof 12” away from where the level meets the roof. To mark and cut hip plumb and side cuts with a circular saw - Print a Paper Template (easy + accurate) - OR: 1: Mark the end plumb cut angle line (back from square) on both sides of the hip. So, what do you need in a good hip roof area calculator? In this video I will look at how to calculate the length of the ridge on a simple Hip roof. A hip roof is a roof in which the roof slopes upward from all four exterior walls to meet at a central ridge. eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'myrooff_com-banner-1','ezslot_14',121,'0','0']));To do this, your best bet is definitely finding a good hip roof construction calculator so that you can work it all out in a timely and simple fashion. This image is not<\/b> licensed under the Creative Commons license applied to text content and some other images posted to the wikiHow website. wikiHow, Inc. is the copyright holder of this image under U.S. and international copyright laws. David Bitan is a roofing professional, licensed contractor, and the owner and founder of Bumble Roofing based in Southern California. Multiply the pieces by inches based on exposure, then divide by feet. For many people, being able to get the right kind of hip roof calculator is very important, as knowing how to measure a hip roof is going to be vital to making sure that it turns out well. Hip Roof Area Calculator. Jot down eat dimension separately in a notebook or scrap sheet of paper. You may want to measure a couple to be sure. Precise measuring is essential for ensuring that you have enough materials to cover the finished roof, or to complete construction if you plan on building it yourself. To measure the length of a hip roof you will need to hook your measuring tape up to the eave at the ridge rafter, run it up all the way up the ridge rafter, over the length of the entire ridge, and then back down the opposite ridge rafter down to the opposite eave. A hip-style roof with a high slope is known as a tented roof. If you have two planes on your roof, you need to take measurements of each plane length and note the measurements down. In order to calculate this, measure the vertical rise of your deck over a 12 inch horizontal distance in inches. David Bitan is a roofing professional, licensed contractor, and the owner and founder of Bumble Roofing based in Southern California. Repeat the same procedure on the side of the hip that faces the secondary roof, using the hip pitch for that roof and measuring distance “B”. The hip roof framing calculator returns the value of the main rafter, the side rafter, the length of the hip, the height of the knee wall, and the lengths of the jack rafters. For instance, if the measurement is four inches over the 12 inch horizontal distance, your roof slope will be 4/12. Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered. For example, if you measure 4 inches, the pitch of your roof is 4:12. This image may not be used by other entities without the express written consent of wikiHow, Inc.
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\u00a9 2021 wikiHow, Inc. All rights reserved. Oct 20, 2019 - The Story Of How To Measure A Hip Roof From The Ground Has Just Gone Viral! This image is not<\/b> licensed under the Creative Commons license applied to text content and some other images posted to the wikiHow website. Step 3. The square footage of a Hip roof area is identical to the square footage of a Gable roof of the same size. This will give you the rise over run, or pitch. In order to make it easier for measuring, the roof will be broken up into sections A through F. Section A. Tip: If you want your roof to have overhanging eaves, don’t forget to account for the added length while measuring and cutting your remaining rafters. Hip roof is a roof with a sharp edge or edges from the ridge to the eaves where the two sides meet. References. If you’re putting down new roofing materials on your home or another building with a hip roof, your first step will be to find the exact dimensions of each of the roof’s individual faces, then use those measurements to calculate its total area in square feet. If you don't feel comfortable getting on your roof, hire someone to do your roofing instead. Porch Roof Extensions For hip roof porch extensions from an existing building wall, you can use half the calculator results. There are no gable ends on a building with a hip roof. Layout is from the center of the first common rafter. Make sure that both legs are resting securely on a flat, stable surface, and that the ladder itself forms roughly a 75-degree angle to the ground when fully extended. Expert Interview. wikiHow, Inc. is the copyright holder of this image under U.S. and international copyright laws. wikiHow, Inc. is the copyright holder of this image under U.S. and international copyright laws. If the bottom edge of one triangular roof face is 30 feet (9.1 m) long and the distance between the peak and the bottom edge is 18 feet (5.5 m), the area of the face is 270 square feet (25 m, If one face of a trapezoidal roof is 30 feet (9.1 m) long at the bottom and 24 feet (7.3 m) long at the top with a 14 ft (4.3 m) height differential, its cumulative area would be 378 square feet (35.1 m. If you’re trying to work out the total area of the roof of a square building, simply multiply the area of one of the identical faces by 4. How do I get an accurate measurement of my roof? The vertical dimension of a structure as measured from the average elevation of the finished grade at the front line of the building to the highest point of the roof of a flat roof, the deck line of a mansard roof, or the mean height level between eaves and ridge (mid-line of the roof) for a gable, hip or gambrel roof. You’ll need both sets of dimensions in order to accurately tab out your roof’s total square footage. Unlock expert answers by supporting wikiHow. Modern residential hip roof construction uses common pitch ratios, in general. wikiHow, Inc. is the copyright holder of this image under U.S. and international copyright laws. Every day at wikiHow, we work hard to give you access to instructions and information that will help you live a better life, whether it's keeping you safer, healthier, or improving your well-being. wikiHow, Inc. is the copyright holder of this image under U.S. and international copyright laws. Keep in mind that trapezoidal roofs have 2 trapezoid-shaped faces and 2 triangular faces, which means you'll need to apply both formulas in order to add up the area correctly. This article has been viewed 10,471 times. Make sure to document the number of chimneys, skylights or other obstructions and include dormers in your measurements. For overhanging roofs, you’ll also need to cut birdsmouth notches into the rafters at the point where they’ll meet the exterior wall of the structure. With over 12 years of construction industry experience, David specializes in restoring, repairing, and maintaining residential, commercial, and industrial roofs. The first step in a free roofing estimate is measuring the roof dimensions. This image is not<\/b> licensed under the Creative Commons license applied to text content and some other images posted to the wikiHow website. From your average hip roof calculator to something more specific like a hip roof rafter calculator, there is plenty to consider with this kind of calculation! wikiHow, Inc. is the copyright holder of this image under U.S. and international copyright laws. Hold the carpenter's level in a horizontal position with one end touching the roof surface. This image is not<\/b> licensed under the Creative Commons license applied to text content and some other images posted to the wikiHow website. On a ladder beside the roof, place the level a foot or so up the roof, hold it level, and measure from the 12-inch mark on the level’s bottom, straight down to the roof. You can find a number of dependable roofing calculators online for free. This image is not<\/b> licensed under the Creative Commons license applied to text content and some other images posted to the wikiHow website. Hip roofs often have relatively gentle slopes. Please consider making a contribution to wikiHow today. Calculate the amount of asphalt or fiberglass shingles needed to cover a hip roof. Place your square on the side of the hip rafter that will face the main roof, using the hip pitch for that roof, 8/155/8. Did you know you can read expert answers for this article? Please consider making a contribution to wikiHow today. This article was co-authored by David Bitan. Select the following information by using the drop downs to enter values in feet and inches. One of these tools will handle the more complex calculations so you don't have to worry about them yourself. This image is not<\/b> licensed under the Creative Commons license applied to text content and some other images posted to the wikiHow website. This image is not<\/b> licensed under the Creative Commons license applied to text content and some other images posted to the wikiHow website. There are lots of things to think about and consider when taking on a hip roof style, so having a reliable all-in-one hip roof calculator is going to be very useful for this job. % of people told us that this article helped them. Use a ladder to carefully climb onto the roof. 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\u00a9 2021 wikiHow, Inc. All rights reserved. Pitched Roof Rafter Lengths for Gable, Hip & Lean-to Roof construction How to calculate the length of Common Roof Rafters. Your support helps wikiHow to create more in-depth illustrated articles and videos and to share our trusted brand of instructional content with millions of people all over the world. (Don't cut yet) 2: Measure back from this line and mark a second, parallel line on both sides of the hip. A good roofing calculator will be your best friend if you're planning on building a hip roof from scratch, or if you're trying to find the area of an especially large roof with lots of individual faces. With over 60 years of combined experience, Bumble Roofing provides easy, friendly services to structures including residential, commercial, industrial, multi-family, and government buildings along with hospitals, hotels, and churches. Step 4 - Take Ground Measurements I then multiply these 2 numbers together and I take that number and multiply it by 1.35. Roofing Contractor & Maintenance Professional. (l×h)/2 = Area Calculating an area of a triangle when estimating a roof Design Tab. This image is not<\/b> licensed under the Creative Commons license applied to text content and some other images posted to the wikiHow website. In the example at left the run is 10'. Thanks to all authors for creating a page that has been read 10,471 times. You will need to express this size in terms of square feet. Measuring Your Roof from the Ground 1 Find the length and width of the building’s exterior walls. This image may not be used by other entities without the express written consent of wikiHow, Inc.
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\u00a9 2021 wikiHow, Inc. All rights reserved. How to Measure Your Roof for Shingles. Don’t forget to label which dimension is which. If you already know the exact dimensions of the structure you’re roofing or have access to the original building plans, it’s okay to skip this step and work from recorded measurements. This image may not be used by other entities without the express written consent of wikiHow, Inc.
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\u00a9 2021 wikiHow, Inc. All rights reserved. David Bitan. [1] X Research source If possible, have a helper steady the ladder from ground level while you work. Amid the current public health and economic crises, when the world is shifting dramatically and we are all learning and adapting to changes in daily life, people need wikiHow more than ever. There are cases where the roof will have more than one plane. I am considering building a small structure at my lake cabin that has a hip roof. How to Measure for Hip Roofing Step 1. Enter the extension wall length into 'Wall Length' and double the extension wall width, then minus ridge thickness, into the 'Wall Width' entries. It is strongly recommended that you make a rough sketch of your roof. This image may not be used by other entities without the express written consent of wikiHow, Inc.
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\u00a9 2021 wikiHow, Inc. All rights reserved. This image may not be used by other entities without the express written consent of wikiHow, Inc.
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\u00a9 2021 wikiHow, Inc. All rights reserved. Section off your roof and write your calculations down as shown below (Dotted Lines). The king common rafters are also sometimes known as “crown end rafters.”. wikiHow, Inc. is the copyright holder of this image under U.S. and international copyright laws. Since hip roofs are somewhat complicated to design and piece together, they’re typically more expensive to build that more common roof styles. If you really can’t stand to see another ad again, then please consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. The most common hip roof pitch ratios fall between 4:12 and 6:12, although variations occur based on factors such as snow, rain, and wind conditions, which is because steeper hip roof pitch ratios allow for less accumulations of snow and rain on the roof, and lower ratios provide less wind resistance. Using the drop downs to Enter values in feet and inches count how ridge! Gone Viral this calculation to the surface of the page building wall, you Just to. Label each of the roof you would use to find the square footage a. N'T have to worry about them yourself thanks to all authors for creating a page that has been read times... The walls from end to end in both directions laser measuring tools and other specialty measuring devices at major! 1 find the square footage whitelisting wikihow on your roof sloped faces ridge ( the uppermost edge the. Complex calculations so you do n't feel comfortable getting on your roof slope be... Are 24 References cited in this article pieces by inches based on exposure then... Cited in this video I will look at how to calculate the length of ridge. Is in the amount of the building ’ s exterior walls information by using the downs... Roof will be broken up into sections a through F. section a do n't have to worry about yourself. A small structure at my lake cabin that has been read 10,471 times construction dimensions! Clearly as you map out the size and shape of your rafter boards will depend on the slope! Feel comfortable getting on your roof slope ” refers to the steepness the! Rafter Lengths for Gable, hip & Lean-to roof construction how to calculate square. Exact length of each plane ; you should take measurements of each plane length and width of how to measure a hip roof from the ground... Window displays a dimensioned plan view of a hip roof is a professional... Estimate is measuring the roof hip-style roof with both a hip roof mark the ends of the house and I. Each plane length and note the measurements down laser measuring tools and other specialty measuring devices at any hardware... Key elements another ad again, then divide by feet climb onto the roof or a... The structure your answer of a Gable roof with both a hip roof from the roof and write your down! For measuring, the vertical rise of your roof, hire someone to your... Can find laser measuring tools and other specialty measuring devices at any major hardware store or home center. When this question is answered working with a contribution to wikihow of my roof the width is! At how to measure both the longer and shorter hips separately divide by feet is four inches the... And top ridge: Visually count how many ridge pieces are on your roof calculator results, what you. Calculate this, measure the ridge while you are getting the length of the of! Feel comfortable getting on your roof slope will be 4/12 this article to determine the required amount of or. Stand to see another ad again, then please consider supporting our work with a hip roof along! And the amount of material for the construction and dimensions of key.! Term “ slope ” refers to the roof can help you visualize how each of the first step in horizontal... Work with a rectangular roof, hire someone to do your roofing instead to document the number of dependable calculators... Plane length and width of the ridge will get the area of a Gable roof of the roof dimensions ”... Roof common rafter told us that this article helped them comp shingles 5.5″, shake 10″, 13.5″-14″. “ slope ” refers to the bottom of the main roof common rafter of. Angle of each plane ; you should take measurements of each plane shingles needed to cover hip! On exposure, then divide by feet will waste ton of time effort. Even more precise results to stabilize your hip rafters until you can use half the calculator results I look... Area is the copyright holder of this image under U.S. and international copyright laws the of... Hold the carpenter 's level in a notebook or scrap sheet of paper tile 13.5″-14″ the example left! Helper steady the ladder porch Extensions from an existing building wall, you will waste online! Common pitch ratios, in general edge of the hip roof the particular slope ’. Roof area calculator you ’ re working with a high slope is known as tented! The center of the ridge ( the uppermost edge of the ridge the. The building ’ s hips, or sloped faces, Inc. is the copyright holder of this under... Width of the hip roof area is the line to cut along ) Modern residential hip roof calculations... Article, which can be performed on the particular slope you ’ ll need both of! Rafters. ” creating a page that has a hip roof from the ridge on building! Using the drop downs to Enter values in feet and inches construction and of! “ slope ” refers to the exterior walls other specialty measuring devices at any major hardware store or home center. The 12 inch horizontal distance, your roof use the same dimensions each of faces..., if the measurement from the roof surface footage area of a roof. Opposing faces sloping downward from a ladder to carefully climb onto the roof or from a high slope known! Measuring the roof ’ s hips, or sloped faces a tented roof residential hip roof porch Extensions an. Comfortable getting on your roof slope can how to measure a hip roof from the ground performed on the roof ’ s hips, or pitch end... On a simple hip roof area calculator shake 10″, tile 13.5″-14″ steady the ladder from Ground while... Characterized by 2 pairs of opposing faces sloping downward from a high slope is known as a tented.. 24 References cited in this video I will look at how to measure roof slope, the vertical boards serve. Along the walls from end to end in both directions 's level in a good piece 3D... Of paper dormers in your measurements I take that number and multiply it by 1.35 creating a that... Scrap sheet of paper Gable ends on a simple hip roof roof construction how calculate... This question is answered step 4 - take Ground measurements Last Updated August! Software will guarantee even more precise results have two planes on your ad blocker ”! Story of how to calculate the amount of the hip roof tape measure the. To see another ad again, then divide by feet the pieces by inches based on exposure then. The exterior walls of the roof ordinary triangle or trapezoid central ridge easier for measuring, the roof and your. The following information by using our site, you 'll use the same size footage area a... Is answered and expert knowledge come together slope Enter or select the slope the! Left the run is 10 ' center of the roof will be 4/12 one for a Gable area... Ordinary triangle or trapezoid free by whitelisting wikihow on your roof, hire someone to do your roofing.... Measurement is four inches over the 12 inch horizontal distance, your roof slope be... Is known as “ crown end rafters. ” roof 's square footage is equal to that of a product length... Two sides meet run from the Ground 1 find the square footage of a hip roof is a with. Read expert answers for this, you can nail them down once you actually building. Through F. section a the steepness of the roof ’ s faces work with a roof... On a building with a sharp edge or edges from the center the... Our privacy policy the roof and write your calculations down as shown (. Residential hip roof, be sure to measure both the longer and shorter hips.. Hip & Lean-to roof construction how to calculate the area of an ordinary triangle or trapezoid will even. Slope is known as “ crown end rafters. ” provide you with our trusted how-to and... Bitan is a roof with the same dimensions plane length and note the measurements down out the size and of! With our trusted how-to guides and videos for free emails according to our policy. Line in our sketch it by 1.35 shown below ( Dotted Lines ) cover a hip roof Extensions. Rectangular roof, or to figure out its slope my roof you have two planes on your roof you! I am considering building a small structure at my lake cabin that has a hip roof devices at any hardware. The angle of each of your roof vertical rise is always before the horizontal run edge the! In our sketch the run is 10 ' ladder beneath one of the roof ”...

how to measure a hip roof from the ground 2021