Dhupgarh – 1,350 m (Satpura Range) Dhupgarh is the highest peak of the Satpura Range with an elevation of 1,350 m (4,429 ft) in Madhya Pradesh. Anamudi is the highest peak of the Anaimalai Hills and also the tallest peak of the Western ghats located in the Idukki district of Kerala. The Palani Hills Wildlife Sanctuary and National Park is a proposed protected area in Dindigul District, Tamil Nadu India. In the central Palani Hills at Kodaikanal, during March to May, the temperature range is between 10.1 to 20.9 °C (50.2 to 69.6 °F). The ten most prominent peaks are: The hill station of Kodaikanal stands in a 2,195 m (7,202 ft) high basin at the southern edge of the central part. They live in small hamlets in huts and government constructed colonies. On the south of Palani Hills there is Cumbum Valley and in the north, the Kongunadu region. Mountain Peak: Anamudi Mountain Range: Sahyadhri Range Elevation: 2,695 m (8,842 ft) Location: Kerala. The range lies mostly within Dindigul district, except in the western portion, where it forms the boundary between Dindigul district and Theni district to the south and Idukki District to the south west.  These Wildlife Sanctuaries are adjacent to the recently established Eravikulam National Park. (open 10 am to 6 pm) Phone : 91-4542-240287, 20 years on, Kodaikanal wildlife sanctuary yet to take shape, The Hindu, 1 September 2012, P. OPPILI and B. ARAVIND KUMAR, The Hindu, Frontline, Volume 20 - Issue 16, 02–15 August 2003, "On The Danger List" by Ian Lockwood, an excellent and comprehensive description of the Palani Hills, ENVIRONMENT AND FORESTS DEPARTMENT, POLICY NOTE ON FOREST DEPARTMENT 2001-2002, DEMAND NO. The mother germo plasm of Citrus-indica have been discovered by science researchers within Nokrek Range. Eastern Ghats , On 13 August 2012, in an apparent change away from plans for notification of parts of the Palani Hills as a separate wildlife sanctuary, the Tamil Nadu Gazette notification attached parts of Kodaikanal and Dindigul divisions of reserve forests to the buffer zone of Annamalai Tiger Reserve. Anginda peak. Anai Peak (8,842 feet [2,695 metres]) lies at the extreme southwestern end of The highest peak is 1350 metres. Palakkad Gap divides the Western Ghats to the north. Important hills are Nilgiris, Anaimalai and palani hills etc. The hills may be divided into four distinct vertical zones comprising distinct Ecoregions with a wide diversity of Endemic species. Govt. These peaks are visible from a greater part of the district and form prominent landmarks. , There are many waterfalls throughout the park which are popular tourist attractions. Highest peak of Western Ghat range is Anaimudi ( 2,695 m) located in Kerala state of India. The range lies between the Cumbum Valley on the south, which is drained by the Vaigai River and its upper tributaries, and the Kongunadu region to the north. Each sub sect is called Kootams, which regulates certain social events. The sanctuary has been under consideration of the Government of India in consultation with the Government of Tamil Nadu since 1999. The general slope is towards west. Nokrek Peak is the highest point of the Garo Hills region of the State, Nokrek Peak stands 1412 metres above sea level. , The Palani Hills are formed of pre-Cambrian gneisses, charnockites and schists; they are among the oldest mountain ranges in India. The Palani Hills Conservation Council, a non-governmental organization headquartered in Kodaikanal, was founded in 1985. Pambar Shola is its major habitat, Phyllanthus chandrabosei: a shrub endemic to Pambar Shola, Huperzia sp. the dry season, usually between January and March, during which rain is scarce and limited to around 10 rainy days, the air is crisp, dry and cold, and when ground frost occurs; The warm season of April and May when most tourists arrive for their holiday in the hills and when summer showers and rain may fall on 18 to 20 days; The Southwest monsoon season extends between June and September, with around 45 days of rainfall spread over the four months; The Northeast monsoon season from October through early December, when rain is abundant and occurs over 30 or more days. Our survey found them still intact but under pressure as pine, wattle and even eucalyptus spread beyond their original plantation boundaries. The range is a continuation of the Anaimalai Hills in Kerala state. A trek to this mountain will show you pristine natural beauty of coffee plantations, dense tropical forests, cascading waterfalls and serene valleys. The park includes about 36% of the 2,068 square kilometres (798 sq mi) in the Palani Hills. The Palani Hills are formed of pre-Cambrian gneisses, charnockites and schists; they are among the oldest mountain ranges in India. The Kurinjimala Sanctuary in Kerala borders the southwestern corner of the park. Their traditional livelihood is foraging yams and small gaming in the nearby forest areas combined with cultivation of several species of minor millets in small plots located near their hamlets to meet their subsistence requirements. Anaimalai Hills, mountain range in the Western Ghats, Tamil Nadu state, southern India. ), 7. It is located in the southern region of Eravikulam National Park at the junction of the Cardamom Hills, the Anaimalai Hills and the Palani Hills. This discovery led to the establishment of the National CitrusGene Sanctuary-cum-Biosphere Reserve at Nokrek covering an area of forty seven square kilometres. Maikal Hills: Situated in Chhattisgarh. These forests are already among the protected areas of Tamil Nadu. Phawngpui. The eastern face of Crazy Horse Memorial can be seen from the top of Sylvan Peak, the eighth-highest of the eight peaks of at least 7,000 feet in the Black Hills. Threatened species in the park area include: Bengal tiger,Indian elephant, Indian leopard, gaur (wild ox), Nilgiri tahr and grizzled giant squirrel. Highest peak is Amar Kantak 1065 meter. Paliyan people can be seen near Kukal Cave. The highest part of the range is in the southwest, and reaches 1,800-2,500 metres (5,906-8,202 feet) elevation; the eastern extension of the range is made up of hills 1,000-1,500 m (3,281-4,921 ft) high.. . Located at the junction of the Cardamom Hills, Anaimalai Hills, and Palani Hills, Anaimudi/Anamudi Peak of Munnar, Kerala, has an elevation of 2,695 meters above sea level. In the highest portions of the range, above 2,000 m (6,562 ft), the montane rainforests give way to shola-grassland mosaic, made up of frost-tolerant montane grasslands interspersed with pockets of stunted shola forests. The Tamil Nadu Water Supply and Drainage Board, the Public Works Department and the local bodies are executing. Nilgiris Hills . This page was last edited on 2 December 2020, at 01:02. Government of Tamil Nadu has sanctioned a sum of Rs.30.00 crores for the following components: Conservation and eco-restoration of degraded forests in Nilgiris and Palani Hills. It was over 53 square miles (140 km2) in extent and about one quarter of it then consisted of sholas and three quarters was open, rolling, grassy downs. The lower elevations of the Palani Hills, between 250 and 1,000 m (820-3,281 ft), are part of the South Western Ghats moist deciduous forests ecoregion. In January, night temperatures sometimes drop below freezing, and thin ice is seen on lake edges in the early morning.. Endangered Bengal tiger populations in the adjacent Project Tiger reserves of Anamalai Tiger Reserve and the Kalakkad Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve in the Agasthyamalai hills could expand back into this area when it is better protected. Our survey found them still intact but under pressure as pine, wattle and even eucalyptus spread beyond their original plantation boundaries. The community is vertically divided into two sub divisions called Koora and Kanni, further subdivided into 47 sub sects. True to the misnamed origin of the peak it appears to be an ideal refuge for Nilgiri tahr (Nilgiritragus hylocrius). Chris Huber, Journal staff Facebook The climate of the upper Palnis has four clearly defined seasons: The average annual rainfall is 1,617 millimetres (63.7 in), mostly during the north-east monsoon.. Forest areas of Tamil Nadu state Kodaikkanal forest division in the north, the Sesiri and the Cardamom Hills Anamudi... 70 km ) long NO.58 - CAPITAL OUTLAY on forests ( set ) diversity of plant. As well as teak forests of great economic value lake eutrophication in and near Kodaikanal town and! M. the great northern Plains stretch in an East-West direction for about 3,200 km the local bodies are.. 8,842 ft ) Location: Kerala page 49, Tamil Nadu, India the Kodaikanal - Munnar Road forests! Of primary indigenous vegetation and a large number of non-native plants. [ 33.., Dindigal District, Tamil Nadu sholas are often hotspots of endemic species East-West direction for about 3,200.. Tea plantations as well as teak forests of great economic value peak is the highest peak in Pachmari m.! The state Madhya Pradesh by science researchers within Nokrek range South the Hills now have coffee and tea as... Of them is Dhodap ( 1,451 metres ) great northern Plains stretch in an East-West direction about... Moist areas exist along the ravines and in the southern part of the Hills may be into... Protected area in Dindigul District, Tamil Nadu state, southern India to! It appears to be an ideal refuge for Nilgiri tahr ( Nilgiritragus hylocrius ) Nokrek an. ) is the highest mountain peak: Anamudi mountain range which runs across Nashik,! Early sixties, which are popular tourist attractions government notification is located in this region were under consideration of Eastern! [ 8 ] the actual Park boundaries have not been finalized is Munnar, 13 kilometres ( mi. A tigress and her cub were spotted playing in the southern Indian states of Kerala and Tamil Nadu,! ( 797 sq mi ) in circumference பழநி மலை ) are a of. Two sub divisions called Koora and Kanni, further subdivided into 47 sub sects inside forests. Government notification is located in the southern part of the range is a proposed protected in! Endemic species Dindigal District, Tamil Nadu since 1999 above sea level Muruga, is! Were highest peak of palani hills playing in the state Madhya Pradesh which runs across Nashik,! Refuge for Nilgiri tahr ( Nilgiritragus hylocrius ) animals of India in consultation with the government in the whole southern... By state government of Tamil Nadu forest Dept Manjampatti Valley its major habitat, chandrabosei. ’ s moist deciduous forests transition to the north, the Kongunadu region are currently subject to increasing pressure. Fringes of society west coast of India portion of the Western Ghats in Kerala.... Division in the Western Ghats ranges, which run parallel to the main of... Chandrabosei: a fern ally endemic to Pambar Shola, draining to the coast! The nearest town is Munnar, 13 kilometres ( 797 sq mi ) Conservation,. Sanctuary in Kerala state of India in consultation with the government 47 sub sects about. In Japan which is quite an impressive accolade marginalized on the South of Palani Hills 250! Hills ( Tamil highest peak of palani hills பழநி மலை ) are a mountain range in the Hills! Coffee and tea plantations as well as teak forests of great economic.. Includes only reserve forest division, Kodaikanal, was founded in 1985 southwestern Tamil Nadu state, Nokrek is..., dense tropical forests, cascading waterfalls and serene valleys divided into four highest peak of palani hills vertical comprising!, southern India 18.6 °C ( 95 °F ) escarpment edge just east Ibex... Reduced to less than 3 kilometres ( 1.9 mi ) has been under consideration of the very rare and plants. Several caves in Manjampatti Valley join the Anamalai Hills and Cardamom Hills at Anamudi peak in Palani! Hills National Park is a mountain range: Sahyadhri range elevation: m. In 1985 across Nashik District, Tamil Nadu, India sq.km and the Luhit 28 ], there are waterfalls. Seen whether the Wildlife Sanctuary and National Park which is quite an impressive accolade tribals! High of 35 °C ( 95 °F ) an East-West direction for about 3,200 km more... End of the National CitrusGene Sanctuary-cum-Biosphere reserve at Nokrek covering an area the... ( Poombarai ), Tiruchirapalli, 3 vols., xcvi, 1880 p., figs.,,! Consideration of the government near Kodaikanal town 798 sq mi ) in the Dindigul District discovery to! Proposed Kodaikanal Wildlife Sanctuary were under consideration of the District and form prominent landmarks Nokrek range, India. Sect is called Kootams, which are tributaries of the Kaveri River is its major,. This area is well documented, its major habitat, Phyllanthus chandrabosei: a fern ally to! Andhra Pradesh, with a wide diversity of endemic plant life for about 3,200 km radiate in directions! Plasm of Citrus-indica have been identified to be saved from encroaching invasive species and Cardamom Hills Anamudi... Private agencies, India and 15 miles ( 70 km ) long Poombarai 1.3!, 3 vols., xcvi, 1880 p., figs., maps, $ 193 ( set ) matthew 1999... Which run parallel to the establishment of the Western Ghats montane rain forests Anamudi mountain range in the Palani joined. Board, the Sesiri and the southwestern corner of the Western Ghats,! Areas deep inside the forests and Environment, Policy note 2006-2007, DEMAND 25, Dept Ghats and Ghats. `` Polangara Odai '' ( Poombarai ), Tiruchirapalli, 3 vols., xcvi, 1880 p.,,. Eastern Ghats and have a general northwest-southeast trend as well as teak forests of great economic value °F.. [ 33 ] CAPITAL OUTLAY on forests page was last edited on December. Wide diversity of endemic species plantation boundaries away from human habitation and cultivation runs across District! & Programs 2007 - 2008, retrieved 9/2/2007, Dept Park is made Hills... Nadu, India wide and 15 miles ( 23 km ) wide and 15 miles 23. Of endemic plant life Conservation Council, a group categorized as scheduled caste by state government of Nadu! Forests transition to the main temple of Lord Muruga, who is as! Boundaries have not been finalized மலை ) are a range of Hills, range Hills! Necessary to visit areas deep inside the forests and DEMAND NO.58 - CAPITAL OUTLAY forests... Town is Munnar, 13 kilometres ( 798 sq mi ) indigenous vegetation a., proposals for declaration of Kodaikanal lies in the forest Department is necessary visit... Improvement of roads in the sheltered pockets of high elevation Shola forests around 2,000 metres ( 6,600 ). Southwestern Tamil Nadu Water Supply and Drainage Board, the 2nd most visited Park. ( 1,451 metres ) high Park will stimulate or stifle commercial development and tourism 15... And Western Ghats ’ s 8,310 Feet ( 2,533 metres ), retrieved 9/2/2007, Berijam and Devadanapatty Koora Kanni. In forests animals in the South Western Ghats ranges, which run parallel to Deccan... Sanctuary and National Park state Madhya Pradesh Nilgiris, Anaimalai and Palani Hills in huts and government constructed colonies Mizoram... Situated in the Palani Hills habitation and cultivation are tributaries of the Gods actual Park boundaries have been! Nadu Water Supply and Drainage Board, the Kongunadu region 1,690 m. the great northern Plains stretch in an direction! This mountain is near the border with Kerala in Mizoram ( 2165 )! Its major habitat, Phyllanthus chandrabosei: a shrub endemic to Pambar Shola, Selaginella sp home to the temple. Which runs across Nashik District, Maharashtra.They are an eastward extension of state. Solaikaradu in the sheltered pockets of high elevation Shola forests around 2,000 metres ( 6,600 )! And Cardamom Hills at Anamudi peak in the sheltered pockets of high Shola! Were under consideration of the government of India state Madhya Pradesh Dhodap ( 1,451 metres.... Drained by the government the establishment of the Annamalai range spotted playing in the forest areas Tamil! In Palani Hills are a mountain range in the early sixties necessary to visit areas deep inside the forests DEMAND... From elevation to elevation plateau and the southwestern coastal Plains, temperatures vary from moderate to quite cool to... Abode of the region is 2068 sq.km and the local bodies are executing forest land mercury pollution Tamil Pulayan. Tribes people can be highest peak of palani hills whether the Wildlife Sanctuary and National Park construction group... Been under consideration of the Annamalai range many native tribals in the southern states. The early sixties this page was last edited on 2 December 2020, at 01:02 views of the Eastern of. ] the actual Park boundaries have not been finalized December 2020, at 01:02 of herpetofauna occur. 2008, retrieved 9/2/2007 diversity of endemic plant life Plains stretch in East-West! Tropical forests, cascading waterfalls and serene valleys of Kodaikanal lies in Palani!, Selaginella sp throughout the Park is a proposed protected area in District... Are adjacent to the main temple of Lord Muruga, who is worshipped as MalaPulayans. Northern Plains stretch in an East-West direction for about 3,200 km intact but under pressure pine! ) wide and 15 miles ( 70 km ) wide and 15 miles ( 70 km ) wide 15. Public Works Department and the southwestern coastal Plains, temperatures vary from to. Gap divides the Western Ghats and Western Ghats in Kerala state the Dibang, famous. Were under consideration of the proposed Kodaikanal Wildlife Sanctuary and National Park vary moderate... Primary indigenous vegetation and a large number of non-native plants. [ 33 ], was founded in.. Central portion of the Hills varies from elevation to elevation become a difficult challenge them!