During the 10th century AD, the people of Igbo-Ukwu, near the Niger Delta, buried their leaders with elephant tusks.. The elephants collapsed when the toxin impaired their motor functions and their legs became paralysed.  So did South Africa in 2000. Chioma is a Nigerian, Igbo name meaning "Good God" or others might prefer "God is good".. Juah - Girl Name, Kru, Liberia. Phylogenetic analysis of nuclear DNA of African bush and forest elephants, Asian elephant, woolly mammoth and American mastodon revealed that the African bush elephant and the African forest elephant form a sister group that genetically diverged at least 1.9 million years ago. The African bush elephant is the largest land mammal in the world and the largest of the three elephant species. However, conservative estimates were that 23,000 African elephants were killed by poachers in 2013 and less than 20% of the African elephant range was under formal protection.  They are in estrus for 2–6 days. This elephant name generator will generate 10 names which will generally fit elephants and other large mammals, like hippos and rhinos. Males usually stay with a female and her herd for about a month before moving on in search of another mate. , In 1996, IUCN Red List assessors for the African bush elephant considered the species Endangered. Thereafter, they start feeding independently and slowly increase the time spent feeding until they are two years old. , Observations of adult African bush elephant bulls in Amboseli National Park revealed that they experience a swelling of the temporal glands and a secretion of fluid, the musth fluid, which flows down their cheeks. In 1987, it was estimated that the African elephant population had declined to 760,000 individuals.  They are all considered synonymous with the African bush elephant..  Urinary testosterone increases during musth. There are two subspecies of African elephants—the Savanna (or bush) elephant and the Forest elephant. Functional loss of the trunk due to floppy trunk syndrome sometimes forces elephants to carry their trunks over their tusks and walk into deep water in order to drink. Find …  She kept standing while giving birth. Secret - Girl Name " The 9 months "secret" is revealed".. Siahbonu – Boy or Girl "You didn’t do it to me" • Guruvayur Keshavan, an Indian elephant which was associated with the Guruvayur temple in Kerala, India. The first scientific description of the African elephant was written in 1797 by Johann Friedrich Blumenbach, who proposed the scientific name Elephas africanus.  Anonymous was recognized as authority by the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature in 1999. The last major populations are present in Gabon and the Republic of Congo. It is suspected that they died after eating the poisoned carcasses of 3 elephants. Around 40 to 60 years of age, the elephant loses the last of its molars and will likely die of starvation, a common cause of death. elephant. The park did not have sufficient guards to combat poaching, and their weapons were outdated. , In 1986, the African Elephant Database was initiated with the aim to monitor the status of African elephant populations. [a] The animal is believed to evoke strength, royal legacy, and enduring memory as related by the proverbs: "There where the elephant passes in the forest, one knows" and "The animal steps on the ground, but the elephant steps down with strength. , Many African cultures revere the African Elephant as a symbol of strength and power. The government of Tanzania estimated that more than 85,000 elephants were lost to poaching in Tanzania between 2009 and 2014, representing a 60% loss.  Males in musth become more aggressive.  The International Union for Conservation of Nature released a report in September 2016 that estimates Africa's elephant population at 415,000. Aerial surveys in the late 1960's to early 1970's revealed an average group size of 6.3 individuals in Uganda's Rwenzori National Park and 28.8 individuals in Chambura Game Reserve. Well organized networks facilitated smuggling the ivory through Sudan. The Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals provided financial support for four years to implement the West African Elephant Conservation Strategy, which forms the central component of this intergovernmental treaty. , Based on vegetation types that provide suitable habitat for African elephants, it was estimated that in the early 19th century a maximum of 26,913,000 African elephants might have been present from the Sahel in the north to the Highveld in the south. They range alone for some time or form all-male groups. Brown; Grey; Skin Type Leather Top Speed 25 mph Lifespan 60 - 70 years Weight 3,600kg - 5,400kg (7,900lbs - 12,000lbs) After this period, cows reject male calves more frequently from their nipples than female calves. , The African forest elephant is smaller with male shoulder heights of up to 2.5 metres (8.2 ft). Tusks are composed of dentin, which forms small diamond-shaped structures in the tusk's center that become larger at its periphery.   Elephants sometimes swim underwater and use their trunks as snorkels. , Researchers discovered that playing back the recorded sounds of African bees is an effective method to drive elephants away from settlements. Adult bulls usually live alone or in small bachelor groups.  Groups cooperate in locating food and water, in self-defense, and in caring for offspring (termed allomothering). Females move away from bulls that attempt to test her estrous condition. South Africa uses elephant tusks in their coat of arms to represent wisdom, strength, moderation and eternity. The Savannah elephant is the larger and darker than the bush elephant. This name refers to the lozenge-shaped enamel of the molar teeth, which differs significantly from the shape of the Asian elephant's molar enamel..  Its generation length is 25 years. Meet the African Bush Elephant. This listing banned international trade of African elephants and their body parts by countries that signed the CITES agreement. , The African bush elephant occurs in Sub-Saharan Africa including Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania, Botswana, Zimbabwe, Namibia, Zambia, and Angola. Habitat and Range The habitat of the elephant varies from rain forests to semi-desert regions.  In 1936, Glover Morrill Allen considered this elephant to be a distinct species and called it 'forest elephant'; later authors considered it to be a subspecies. Both species have been listed as vulnerable on the IUCN Red List since 2004, and are threatened by habitat loss and fragmentation. In the 1980s, it was difficult to carry out systematic surveys in several East African range countries due to civil wars. , Between 2003 and 2015, illegal killing of 14,606 African bush elephants was reported by rangers across 29 range countries. The elephant's brain is similar to a human brain in terms of structure and complexity; the elephant's cortex has as many neurons as that of a human brain, suggesting convergent evolution. African bush elephants are the larger of the two and their tusks curve out, while their forest-dwelling cousins are darker and have tusks that are straighter and that point downward.  Elephants attain their maximum stature when they complete the fusion of long-bone epiphyses, occurring in males around the age of 40 and females around the age of 25. These manifestations of musth last from a few days to months, depending on the age and condition of the bull. In Tsavo East and Tsavo West National Parks, groups are bigger in the rainy season and in areas with open vegetation. Its back is shaped markedly concave. Interval between births was estimated at 3.9 to 4.7 years in Hwange National Park. Poaching for the illegal ivory trade is a threat in several range countries as well. Calves exclusively suckle their mother's milk during the first three months. Hunting African elephants for the ivory trade accelerated the decline from the 1970s onwards.  Many societies believed that their chiefs would be reincarnated as elephants. An elephant with tusks reaching the ground is typically defined as a big tusker. , Elephants use some vocalisations that are beyond the hearing range of humans, to communicate across large distances. . When a bull has been urinating for a long time, the proximal part of the penis and the distal end of the sheath show a greenish coloration, termed the 'green penis syndrome' by Joyce Poole and Cynthia Moss. The park did not have sufficient guards to combat poaching, and their weapons were outdated.  Bulls only return to the herd to breed or to socialize, they do not provide prenatal care to their offspring but rather play a fatherly role to younger bulls to show dominance. Farmers residing in nearby areas get into conflict with the African bush elephants rummaging through their crops. The family unit is led by a matriarch who at times also leads the kinship group. After puberty, male elephants tend to form close alliances with other males. West Africa (Hausa) GOYA (goh-yah). Females are a bit smaller, reaching 10,000 pounds and 10 feet in height. Genetic analysis of tusk samples showed that they originated from African bush elephants killed in Tanzania, Mozambique, Zambia, Kenya and Uganda.  Similar incidents were recorded in Hluhluwe-Umfolozi Park, where young bulls killed five black and 58 white rhinoceros between 1991 and 2001. About 10,370 tusks were confiscated in Singapore, Hong Kong, Taiwan, Philippines, Thailand, Malaysia, Kenya and Uganda between 2007 and 2013. This database includes results from aerial surveys, dung counts, interviews with local people and data on poaching. In 1997, Botswana, Namibia and Zimbabwe placed it on Appendix II. , In 1907, Richard Lydekker proposed six African elephant subspecies based on the different sizes and shapes of their ears. , Gene flow between the two African elephant species was examined at 21 locations. ", "The ivory trade and elephant conservation", "Le braconnage et la population d'éléphants au Parc National de Zakouma (Tchad)", "Tanzania elephant population declined by 60% in five years, census reveals", "Elephants Dying in Epic Frenzy as Ivory Fuels Wars and Profits", "Poaching behind worst African elephant losses in 25 years", "China and US agree on ivory ban in bid to end illegal trade globally", "Elephants still at risk with Laos replacing China as ivory market", "Status and trends of the ivory trade in Africa, 1989–1999", "African Elephant Specialist Group report", "Near-total ban imposed on sending wild African elephants to zoos", "383. In the 19th and 20th centuries, several zoological specimens were described by naturalists and curators of natural history museums from various parts of Africa, including: Today, these names are all considered synonyms. In both sites, elephants aggregated during the wet season, whereas groups were smaller in the dry season. The African elephant is the world’s largest land animal and they can be more than 7 metres long, 3 metres high and the biggest of the species can weigh more than 6 tonnes! Playback of the recorded sounds of angry honey bees has been found to be remarkably effective at prompting elephants to flee an area. Large corporations associated with commercial logging and mining have stripped apart the land, giving poachers easy access to the African bush elephant. They are curved forward and continue to grow throughout the elephant's lifetime. , African elephants are highly intelligent. The strong do not need clubs.—Senegal . Female African elephants are able to start reproducing at around 10 to 12 years of age, and are in estrus for about 2 to 7 days. One cow seemed to assist her. Mean weight of tusks at the age of 60 years is 109 kg (240 lb) in bulls, and 17.7 kg (39.0 lb) in cows. This is the translation of the word "elephant" to over 100 other languages. Its occipital plane slopes forward. 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