spring barley sowing date

Earlier drilling through late February and up to mid-March has been shown to boost yield potential compared to sowings in mid-March to early April (see Chart 1). For example, will the selected variety help to suppress weeds? A series of trials was conducted under dryland conditions, in a Mediterranean-type climate, in order to study the main effects and interactions of sowing date and depth, seed rate and row spacing of wheat and barley. Phone: (03) 5492 2787 spring barley crops grown and frequently monitored at sites in Cork, Carlow and Wexford over three growing seasons from 2011 to 2013. The longer you delay your spring barley drilling date, the greater the opportunity you have to control black-grass with a total herbicide. Westminster, Oxford, GrangeR). This was also a result of the plant reaching maturity very quickly and secondary tillers forming, meaning crops were more exposed to weather (delayed harvest). So how have your crops yielded this year? When sown late, Compass achieved an 0.8t/ha yield advantage, equating to an additional $112t/ha (using Feed 1 price at Dooen of $139.50 from 1 December 2016). Readers are responsible for assessing the relevance and accuracy of the contents of this website. However, the soil was very hard and cloddy at sowing, possibly restricting seed to soil contact, and plant establishment numbers were slightly lower than expected. While this may be good in the short-term, it is important to also think about a varieties long-term impacts on your farm. Tips for winter barley in late autumn: Keep calm and don't panic, but adjust crop management to reflect lost growth . Gross income for Spartacus CL and Scope CL using NVT long-term average yield (t/ha) and Birchip and Manangatang grain prices from 1 December 2016. A combination of factors could have influenced the performance of Compass at most sites: Early sown crops generally grow bigger and taller which, in 2016, contributed to lodging at the grain filling stage and at maturity, resulting in head loss. Although all reasonable care has been taken in producing the reports Fathom, Hindmarsh, La Trobe, Spartacus CL, Rosalind and Compass are consistently the top yielding varieties over a range of different seasonal finishes in the Mallee and Wimmera. Following spring barley with wheat is okay and will be necessary to correct many rotations for harvest 2021. Note: Rosalind and Spartacus have only been in NVT trials for three years. Across two seasons we have conducted trials at our Haywold 3D Thinking trial site studying three drilling dates. The development of secondary tillers also created issues, preventing barley from being harvested at optimum maturity. In terms of yield, there was no measurable difference between sowing time with the mean of both sowing times being the same. The Warmur barley variety trial was sown just after rain and received a follow up rain after sowing. 69. propriety or trade names to help readers identify them, however, this is not an endorsement or recommendation of any product or manufacturer referred to. If you were able to drill spring barley in February in good conditions, that is fine. Rosalind, Compass, Hindmarsh, La Trobe, Spartacus CL and Fathom are still the most consistent performing varieties long-term in the Wimmera and the Mallee. This leads to the tough decision about whether to keep your existing variety or make the switch to a new variety. Time of sowing (TOS) is another factor that can influence yield. However, significant rainfall fell in the week following planting. Unfortunately, it is impossible to think about spring barley drilling dates without considering black-grass and what the implications are based on timings.​, Managing the threat of black-grass this spring. As the title suggests when would you say the latest date for drilling either of these crops is? Selection of the actual date should allow for soil fertility and the risk of frost damage in particular paddocks. Test weight was low in Commander and Compass, while protein was low (below malt grade) for malt varieties La Trobe, Scope CL and Commander. The two Clearfield varieties, Scope CL and Spartacus CL, yielded similar and the lowest yielding varieties were Compass and Commander. spring-sown cereal species. In this year’s barley time of sowing trial Fathom and Spartacus CL, which are both early maturing varieties, obtained a significant yield benefit when sown earlier. E. M. Potterton, T. McCabe, The effect of sowing date and nitrogen rate on the grain yield, grain quality and malt analyses of spring malting barley for distilling in Ireland, The Journal of Agricultural Science, 10.1017/S002185961800059X, 156, 4, (515-527), (2018). The trial may have been limited in nitrogen, when yields were compared to other barley trials at the same site. The highest yielding variety was Rosalind which yielded significantly higher than Hindmarsh, Compass and La Trobe which were also above the site mean average (Table 1). All other varieties did not differ in their performance as a result of sowing time. “So, sow it as soon as you get decent seedbed conditions – the earlier the better. Keeping in mind that this is one year of data in an above average season for most regions, it is extremely important to look at the long-term variety performance. Secondary tillers were prevalent late in the season, so the trial was desiccated before harvest to bring it in evenly. With that in mind, it's important to really dissect the spring drilling window to get a better understanding of the potential results we're dealing with. All other varieties were below 65kg/hl. Effect of sowing time, cutting management and phosphorus levels on fodder and grain yield of oats. While completely correct, the spring covers a fairly significant period in the first quarter of the year and within that time frame, depending on when you decide to take action, you can experience some very different outcomes. Potato sprout suppression: CIPC fogging in 2017 and future development. Thesis , CCS ,HAU,Hisar . drilling date, we should be looking at mid-March and into good seed beds; leaving us some time to achieve this work. Posts: 54 Adverts | Friends. Hi, just wondering has anyone sown spring barley yet ? Unfortunately, it is impossible to think about spring barley drilling dates without considering black-grass and what the implications are based on timings. The trial at Manangatang was dry sown into a pea stubble and emerged well. GUIDELINES FOR INTERPRETING SOIL TEST RESULTS, GRDC Hands On Precision Agriculture Training – St Arnaud, GRDC Hands On Precision Agriculture Training – Longerenong, GRDC Hands On Precision Agriculture Training – Manangatang. A randomised complete block design was used for all trials apart from at Kalkee where a split plot design was used. ... At the first sowing date (10th of May) the seedbed was dry to 40 mm deep with moisture present below this. Morphological and qualitative characters and yield of spring barley depending on cultivar properties and sowing date. 69 for more BCG barley variety research. Plant Breeding Institute, Trumpington, Cambridge. Victorian Winter Crop Summary 2016, Agriculture Victoria. Controlling black-grass with a cultural method - is that possible? 10-03-13, 11:04 AM #2 ... have seen people sowing end of may/june last year 11-03-13, 10:21 AM #5. There was also lodging in Commander and Maritime. This highlights the importance of sowing in the optimum window for each variety in a given year. The photo on the right shows the April drilling date (foreground) at GS39 full flag leaf, the March-drilled crop at full ear emergence (near background) and the February-drilled crop post-flowering (far background). Figure 2. within, the authors do not warrant that the content is free from errors or omissions. ​​David RobinsonHead of Innovation Knowledge Exchange, © COPYRIGHT FRONTIER AGRICULTURE LTD 2021. This was quite remarkable given that 20. Factors other than tillage method (i.e., drill, sowing date, fertilizer rate, sowing depth) were held constant. I believe we are just starting to see the impact, resulting in a spring flush of the grass weed. This has resulted in the variety results being a bit inconsistent in terms of rankings (compared to recent years). We use cookies to improve our website and your experience when using it. I"m tempted with dry weather but a bit wary that soil temps might be too low. More detailed information can be found in Appendix 4 on page 220. April was labelled the latest drilling date in 2018 – even more so when you consider that the country experienced drought and a significant heatwave that lasted from mid-April to mid-September in that year. the most likely answer would be, "In the spring". Spring barley is typically sown from December until late April, with the germination rate dependent on moisture and soil temperature. The Wimmera NVT long-term data is in line with the Mallee data, showing Spartacus CL and Compass yielding exceptionally well over a five year period (note: only three years of data for Spartacus CL). Avoid working to a calendar date which can result in drilling into sub-optimal conditions where the soil can be cold and cloddy. Until sowing, repeatedly check the homogeneity of the mixture, and for seeders with two or more tanks, apply the seeds of the mixture partners separately. The two times of sowing treatments (18 May and 20 June) were sown into a moist seed bed with the later time of sowing receiving adequate follow up rain. The highest yielding varieties were Oxford and Urambie which are long season varieties that thrived in the soft finish to the season. (30) 4: 105-113. 71 and 2015 BCG Season Research Results, pp. To compare the performance of new and existing barley varieties and the influence of sowing time on crop performance. Sowing date, sowing depth, seed rate and row spacing of wheat and barley under dryland conditions. The results have shown very distinct differences in growth habit, as can be seen in the below photos. It yielded 0.8t/ha better when. Variety yield data (t/ha) and percentage (%) of site mean for Manangatang, Warmur, Ultima and Nhill. The effect of sowing date and nitrogen rate on the grain yield, grain quality and malt analyses of spring malting barley for distilling in Ireland - Volume 156 Issue 4 - E. M. Potterton, T. McCabe ... influenced by sowing date. However, from a quality perspective, we did see the shortest straw, the highest grain nitrogen and the highest specific weight in the April-drilled crops. If you were to ask an agronomist the question, "When should I drill my spring barley?" potential yield (Table 1). Conversely, Spartacus CL made an additional $62 when sown early. Note: Rosalind and Spartacus have only been in NVT trials for three years. This paper will review variety performance alone, however using this information in conjunction with a variety’s whole agronomic package will ensure optimum outcomes for barley growers. One thing growers often fail to do is trial a new variety on their farm for a number of years. Expected Establishment is affected by a number of factors: Sowing date When heavy rains and wind occurred in spring, significant lodging occurred in susceptible varieties during flowering and at maturity. Chapter 5 The effect of plant density and sowing date on spring barley ..... 72 5.1 Introduction . Retention and protein were within malt specifications for all varieties. Most of the agronomic traits investigated were adversely affected by deep sowing, the effects being more marked when deep sowing was associated with late sowing. Field Crops Res., 9: 151--162. When and how spring barley tillers Under typical cultural conditions for spring barley, tillers emerge during about a two-week span with the total number formed depending on the variety and environmental conditions (Figure 8). In terms of grain quality, test weight was very low for all varieties. The authors and BCG does not accept any liability for the contents of this publication or any loss, damage, Prior to harvest, minor head loss was also an issue but was fairly consistent across all varieties and there was no lodging among varieties. The earlier sown crops were taller and produced substantial biomass. Common problems were dark tipping and ‘bin burn’ which was discolouration that occurred in the paddock due to weather conditions. Spring barley is normally harvested around 3 weeks after winter sown barley Spring barley is in the lower field with a brown (set aside ) border. On high-clay soils, spring barley establishment can vary from 55% for Wheat, barley, and oat were sown at 120, 200, and 280 seeds/m2 (about 44, 72 and 100 lbs/A) in a split plot design with NT and CT as main plots and sowing rate x cereal species combinations as subplots. Wimmera NVT barley grain yield (% of site mean) comparing to 2016 long-term averages (2012-2016) of 22 varieties at Horsham, Brim, Minyip and Kaniva. In this instance, grain discolouration has been disregarded. cost or expense incurred from relying on the information within. Conversely, Compass suffered significant yield loss when sown early. On a yearly basis, new barley varieties are released promising bigger and better yields and improved agronomic traits. In terms of when to sow a variety, previous research has shown that sowing earlier usually results in a yield benefit. characteristics (Table 3). The February-drilled crop had the longest straw, the lowest grain nitrogen and experienced the most brackling. The photo on the left, taken on the 18th April, illustrates the difference in emergence between the March and April drilling date. The easiest win following spring barley is winter barley – the volunteers unless really thick are not really an issue and there is plenty of time to get the land cultivated and the winter barley established for the end of September. Issues encountered with all barley trials this year, were similar to grower experiences. The exceptional year saw a range of varieties with different maturities topping the yields across the multiple Mallee NVT sites. Lodging was prevalent at this site with Compass and Scope CL most affected. Head loss counts were undertaken to gauge the level of head loss amongst varieties, in particular Compass and Scope CL (Figure 1). Applying lime and correcting soil pH to 6.5 is an essential and often forgotten duty when establishing a spring barley crop. When looking at sowing time in the Wimmera, an increase in gross income could be achieved when altering the sowing date for some varieties. A comparison of the gross income from the two Clearfield varieties is presented in Table 4. In 2016 there were a lot of earlier sown crops that, due to excellent growing conditions, produced substantial biomass resulting in severe lodging during the grain filling period and at maturity. This stage can be broken by some kind of 'significant event' such as flooding or where land has been held at field capacity for several weeks (does that ring any bells this year?) Spartacus CL also achieved malt specification but as it is currently undergoing malt accreditation, was classified as feed. Spot form of net blotch was quite evident at the site and was managed accordingly so as not to affect overall yield. Fathom, Rosalind, La Trobe and Hindmarsh are also among the top six yielding varieties (Figure 3). Test weight was slightly lower in most varieties, with the only malt varieties within specification (>65kg/hl) being La Trobe, Scope CL, GrangeR, Oxford and Flinders. Drilling date is vital in getting spring barley off to the best possible start and has a major influence on final yield. For the purpose of this article, malt and feed grades have been determined based purely on Another risk comes from purely chasing yield. When looking at their five year average, yield performance is much lower for these varieties. Figure 2 compares the 2016 average of all Mallee sites (as a percentage of the site mean) with a long-term (five years) average of each variety. “Unlike spring barley, you don’t need to wait for the ground to warm-up for wheat,” he added. Table 2. Can we support your event? Again, it is important to consider the long-term performance of a variety over a number of years and seasonal finishes, and not to throw a variety out on the back of an exceptionally rare year. Nitrogen applications for spring barley in England can normally be 50% applied at growth stage 11 and the remaining 50% applied 10 to 14 days later. The earlier sown crops were taller and produced substantial biomass. The highest yielding varieties at both sowing times were Rosalind and Fathom. Mallee NVT barley grain yield (% of site mean) comparing 2016 to long-term averages (2012-2016) of 18 varieties at Manangatang, Rainbow, Murrayville, Birchip, Hopetoun, Ultima and Walpeup. When sown later, it was one of the top performers with little to no lodging observed. Barley time of sowing and depth Key findings LaTrobe, GrangeR, and Skipper had reduced emergence from deeper sowing under both dry and wet sowing conditions. In order to spread risk, consider growing varieties with different susceptibilities to certain In terms of grain quality, the only malt/food varieties to make malt grade were Westminster and Hindmarsh (food). Table 1. Both the early and later sown plots emerged well and were even across varieties. Assessments included, establishment counts/scores, NDVI (measure of canopy greenness) and grain yield and quality parameters. When is your cut off date for drilling spring wheat/ barley? Figure 1. Both sowing times however, were within malt thresholds. grain quality parameters (test weight, protein, retention and screenings). Barley yields (t/ha) at Kalkee when sown early (TOS1) and late (TOS2). Further information on head loss and lodging susceptibility, and harvest risks in varieties, can be found in the ‘Delayed harvest of barley’ article page 49. A question most growers would be asking is why did Compass perform so poorly? There were also no differences when just comparing barley (mean of all varieties) at TOS1 and TOS2. Generally the earlier a crop is sown the longer its phyllochron will be. Generally, Fathom, Rosalind, Spartacus CL and Oxford performed well across most of the sites. The initial yield results were interesting, with no significant difference in performance for both 2017 and 2018. International: +61 3 5492 2787. Products may be identified by Before then, conditions did not favour the rapid spread of mildew. Spring barley is an important food, feed and technical grain crop. Oxford, GrangeR and SY Rattler, which are all longer season varieties suited to higher rainfall areas, capitalised on the exceptional finish to the season. Compass performed poorly when sown early, with substantial lodging and head loss. Spring sown cereals, especially barley, are an option if you have a situation where winter sowing wasn’t possible. Throughout the season, Compass suffered severe lodging. Late June: 1000-1500ft: Surface : Spring barley fields will appear as light green colour. Longer season varieties yielded higher than their long-term average in 2016 (eg. 15.10.19. Both the early and later sown plots emerged well and were even across varieties. The variety didn’t appear to favour or capitalise on the above average rainfall and soft finish to the season like other varieties did. Important updates and advice regarding coronavirus (Covid-19), Spring barley drilling dates and yield performance, The initial yield results were interesting, with no significant difference in performance for both 2017 and 2018. Lee. Whilst sowing ideally should take place before mid-march, wait until conditions are right for cultivation. Believe it or not there is a wheat crop in the left side, sitting under 1,000 black-grass heads/m2. Spartacus CL, La Trobe and Hindmarsh had high test weights (within malt specifications). The potential yield will gradually decline and harvesting will be later if sowing is later than this. Later sowing of these varieties, reduced the extent of lodging. to 5°C for spring barley and 8°C for maize, whereas the total number of heat units needed to bring plant to maturity (PHU_PLT) was set to 1 230 for spring barley and 1 200 for maize. One of the poorer performers this year was Compass (particularly in the Mallee). Information on this website is not a scientific journal and has been prepared solely as a means of disseminating information to the members of BCG and the community. Agronomically similar varieties Spartacus CL, Hindmarsh, Rosalind and La Trobe all yielded similar. Sowing at 20 cm, instead of at a 5-cm depth, reduced plant establishment and grain yield by 76 and 62% respectively for barley, and 71 and 39% for wheat. These issues, and the above average rainfall in spring, led to the deterioration of crops (lodging and brackling) and discolouration of the grain which pushed barley outside of malt specifications. 7Q 5.2 Methods and materials ..... -4 5.3 Results ..... "7 5.4 Discussion ..... o? ​If you were able to drill spring barley in February in good conditions, that is fine. Spartacus CL and Fathom were slightly lower yielding than expected (below the site mean). Rosalind, Compass, Hindmarsh, La Trobe, Spartacus CL and Fathom are still the most consistent performing varieties over a five year average (Note: there is only three years of data available for Spartacus CL and Rosalind). However, different varieties performed better when sown at specific sowing times. Mutti, Jasveer Singh (1995). Cookies used for the essential operation of the site have already been set. The 2016 growing season was exceptional, described by a number of farmers as “the best they have ever experienced”. At Ultima the barley variety trial was sown into a moist soil bed on pea stubble and emerged eight days later. For late-sown crops, plant Assuming Scope CL achieved malt, there really is no difference between gross income of the two varieties. Your email address will not be published.
spring barley sowing date 2021