spartina alterniflora loisel

U.S.A. 99 (4), 2445–2449. Genetic analysis of cpDNA revealed that all S. alterniflora populations in Japan had a single haplotype (haplotype C4) (Figure 2, Table 1). Evol. Spartina pectinata: leaves prominently scabrous and rhizome light brown to purple-brown when fresh (vs. S. alterniflora, with leaves smooth or slightly scabrous along apical margins and … Evol. Groups A, B, and D consisting of a single haplotype are shown in dark grey, black and light grey, respectively. The authors also wish to thank Moe Nakagawa, Ryu Ikeda, Kota Kohara and Yoshinori Taruma (Kindai University) for helping with S. alterniflora sampling. Inference of population structure using multilocus genotype data. Annu. Glucose was not detected in the leachate of either growth form. In contrast, it is very difficult to obtain such information on biological invaders when due to unintentional introductions. Introduction . doi: 10.1016/S0169-5347(02)02554-5, Levin, L. A., Neira, C., Grosholz, E. D. (2006). (1985). Therefore, these results reveal that the founder effect might have occurred in Japanese S. alterniflora population. Ecol. Bot. Therefore, further research on the genetic characteristics of the invasive S. alterniflora should be carried out worldwide for estimating its global spread and future invasion risks. Furthermore, given that ports that trade with China are all over Japan, the strengthening of shared information networks on introduced species between each region/port would lead to minimize their biological invasion risks. Nitrogen fixation (acetylene reduction) has … Genetic and historical evidence disagree on likely sources of the Atlantic amethyst gem clam Gemma gemma (Totten 1834) in California. (2015). Eng. YM, MT, and YI analyzed the data. Such low genetic diversities associated with a founder effect were also found in other Spartina species such as S. versicolor Fabre introduced in Europe (Baumel et al., 2016) and S. densiflora Brongn. Comparison of genetic diversity of the invasive weed Rubus alceifolius Poir. Simultaneously, it is also important that S. alterniflora is detected and eliminated at an early invasion stage in order to minimize its invasion. Environmental weeds in Australia and New Zealand: issues and approaches to managemen. Seed germination characteristics of invasive Spartina alterniflora Loisel in Japan: implications for its effective management. doi: 10.1111/j.1472-4642.2010.00672.x, Howes, B. L., Teal, J. M. (1994). Total DNA was extracted from a 0.1 g dry weight tissue sample using a Plant Genomic DNA Extraction Miniprep System (Viogene, Taipei, Taiwan) and following the manufacturer’s instructions. Status: Native, OBL (DEP), OBL (NWPL) Specimen: View details of USF Herbarium specimens Ecology 87 (2), 419–432. (1999) suggested that Wilcoxon’s test is most powerful and robust when used with few polymorphic loci. However, the reason why S. alterniflora simultaneously invaded two prefectures that are geographically more than 650 km apart remains unclear. It should be noted that no information has been reported on S. alterniflora populations with such low genetic diversity so far (Blum et al., 2007; Bernik et al., 2016). Ministry of the Environment, Japan (2005). Also, Blum et al. Civille, J. C., Sayce, K., Smith, S. D., Strong, D. R. (2005). Chung, C. H. (1989). Mar. Exotic Spartina alterniflora Loisel. The polymorphic locus rate (P) was calculated for each local population. Spartina alterniflora Loisel. alterniflora is a rhizomatous perennial grass, grows 0.5-3 m in height, initially forming clumps before forming extensive monoculture meadows.Spartina spp. Atlas of Marine Invasive Species in the NOWPAP Region. Frankham, R., Briscoe, D. A., Ballou, J. D. (2002). YM, TH, AN, and DH collected samples. Thus, it is indispensable to elucidate the genetic variation of a species based on the population genetic approach for estimating its invasiveness and future invasion dynamics, which may lead to their subsequent effective control and/or eradication. (2001). Current status and environmental effects of Spartina spp. (Poaceae), native to the eastern United States, was introduced unintentionally into Japan (Aichi and Kumamoto Prefectures) at around 2010. Among the three regions, trading between the ports of northern Kumamoto and the U.S. was obviously lower than trading with China. Ecological Genetics: Design, Analysis, and Application (Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishing). Front. doi: 10.6165/tai.2009.54(2).168. Background and Objectives: The rapid spread of invasive Spartina alterniflora Loisel. According to the cpDNA analysis, S. alterniflora populations in Japan had a single haplotype (haplotype C4) that is the most dominant genotype around the Florida Peninsula, the region of its origin, and is also widely found in the introduced populations in the East Asia. stands is critical to the stability and sustained productivity of Atlantic tidal salt marshes. This value indicates the rate of genetic loci with polymorphisms compared to all the genetic loci for each local population. 4 (2), 359–361. Supporting Spartina: interdisciplinary perspective shows Spartina as a distinct solid genus. (2007), who indicated that samples should be collected from colonies that are at least about 2.5 m apart from each other (Supplementary Table 1). We would like to thank Dr. Tadao Kitagawa, Dr. Takuo Sawahata, Dr. Kaori Kochi, Takahiro Kusaka (Kindai University), Kano Koide (Japan Wildlife Research Center), and Reiko Ito (Kyushu Kaihatsu Engineering Co., Ltd.) for their helpful suggestions and supports regarding this manuscript. 2009. J. Appl. The proportions for Axis 1 and Axis 2 were 41.2% and 23.3%, respectively. Monospecific stands grow in low intertidal areas. Smooth Cord-grass in English Spartine à feuilles alternes in French borraza in Spanish hu hua mi cao in language. Contributed by: USDA NRCS Plant Materials Program . Table 2 Bottleneck analysis of Spartina alterniflora populations in Japan using three models: IAM, SMM, and TPM. As a result, S. alterniflora populations of Japan were classified into three groups: 1) Umeda River (Aichi), 2) Shirakawa and Tsuboi Rivers (northern Kumamoto), and 3) Oono River (southern Kumamoto) (Figure 4B). Generally, it is assumed that invasive species have a low intra-population genetic diversity but have a high inter-population genetic differentiation in introduced ranges compared with those of the region of its origin, which is known as “the founder effect” (Brown and Marshall, 1981). doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2664.2007.01442.x, Koncki, N. G., Aronson, M. F. J. 100 of the world"s worst invasive alien species (Auckland, NZ: IUCN-ISSG). in Chinese with English Abstract. In Kumamoto Prefecture, 20 and 19 S. alterniflora samples were randomly collected from multiple colonies in the Tsuboi River (N 32° 46′, E 130° 37′) facing the Ariake Sea (northern Kumamoto) and the Oono River (N32° 37′, E 130° 39′) facing the Yatsushiro Sea (southern Kumamoto), respectively. and Subsequent Ecological Replacement by Sonneratia apetala Buch.-Ham. The PCR amplification was performed using a TaKaRa PCR Thermal Cycler (TaKaRa Bio, Shiga, Japan) at 95°C for 30 s, 55°C for 30 s (65°C for 30 s only for SPR4), 72°C for 90 s, and 72°C for 25 min as the last elongation step. tomentosoides. Comparison of microsatellite data among S. alterniflora local populations in Japan for estimating the route through which S. alterniflora invaded Japan revealed that genotypes of the populations were clearly different in each river (Figures 3 and 4). Available at: https://www.env.go.jp/nature/intro/2outline/files/siteisyu_list_e.pdf (Accessed April 16, 2020). Spartina alterniflora (smooth cordgrass) as an invasive halophyte in Pacific Northwest Estuaries. J. Jap. Ecol. Impacts of invasive Iris pseudacorus L. (yellow flag) establishing in an abandoned urban pond on native semi-wetland vegetation. 9 (4), 443–455. Change Biol. Genetic Variation of Spartina alterniflora Loisel. (2001). Fragment analysis was conducted by Macrogen (Seoul, South Korea). For this purpose, it is essential to continue monitoring areas where S. alterniflora has already invaded. In Aichi Prefecture, 27 samples (i.e., one individual per colony) were collected from multiple colonies along and around the Umeda River (N34° 42′, E 137° 18′) facing the Mikawa Bay. DC. Divers. The East Asian countries are one of the largest supply sources on young shellfish and seedlings for cultivation in tidal flats of Japan (Okoshi, 2007), and thus the contamination of multiple species of organisms is often observed with the imports. J. Hered. doi: 10.1111/mec.15192. Among these invasive mechanisms, the possibility of S. alterniflora invasion in Japan via intentional introductions is almost impossible, since Japan has no such imports for the reclamation of tidal flats. ex Elliott) St.-Yves, Candollea 5: 24, 49 (1932) Spartina maritima subvar. A., West, C. J. (S. alterniflora) has reduced soil bulk density (BD), the mechanisms that underpin this response are still unclear. (2009). 189 pp. Effects of Spartina alterniflora invasion on the abundance and community of meiofauna in a subtropical wetland. The sequences of trnT–trnF region from chloroplast DNA were identified from all S. alterniflora individuals sampled in both prefectures and regions: the Umeda River (Aichi), the Shirakawa River and Tsuboi River (northern Kumamoto), and Oono River (southern Kumamoto). Spartina alterniflora. J. Appl. doi: 10.1093/bioinformatics/bts460, Piry, S., Luikart, G., Cornuet, J.-M. (1999). STRUCTURE HARVESTER: a website and program for visualizing STRUCTURE output and implementing the Evanno method. (2018). J. Nanjing Univ. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0009743. marshhay cordgrass . Plants growing under good conditions reach 8 feet (2.5 m) tall, while those growing in the high salt marshes, especially at edges of salt pans, may be only 16 inches (40 cm) tall, including … Distortion of allele frequency distributions provides a test for recent population bottlenecks. The ΔK value was clearly the highest at K = 3 (Figure 4A). (Poaceae), native to the eastern United States, was introduced unintentionally into Japan (Aichi and Kumamoto Prefectures) at around 2010. On the other hand, populations of this species in the San Francisco Bay, California, and China, which were introduced intentionally, had a relatively high genetic diversity (Blum et al., 2007; Bernik et al., 2016). 38 (2), 61–66. Genetic diversity, population structure, and genetic relatedness of native and non–native populations of Spartina alterniflora (Poaceae, Chloridoideae). Spartina invasion in China: implications for invasive species management and future research. (2019). “Evolutionary changes accompanying colonization in plants,” in Evolution today. Many empirical and theoretical studies on biological invasions have been conducted on various taxonomic groups for resolving this worldwide concern (Lee, 2002). 25 (5), 425–444. Ecol. alterniflora (Loisel.) The hierarchical spatial distribution of chloroplast DNA polymorphisms across the introduced range of Silene vulgaris. J. Mol. Impacts of an alien species (Spartina alterniflora) on the macrobenthos community of Jiangsu coastal inter-tidal ecosystem. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-294X.2004.02384.x, Pyšek, P., Richardson, D. M. (2010). Mitsch, W. J., Jorgensen, S. A. Invasions 18 (5), 1485–1498. doi: 10.1146/annurev-environ-033009-095548, Pyšek, P., Jarošik, V., Hulme, P. E., Pergl, J., Hejda, M., Schaffner, U., et al. Figure 3 Results of a principal coordinate analysis (PCoA) of Spartina alterniflora local populations in Japan based on co-dominant genotypic distances. (2005). Spartina densiflora Brongn. Camp (eds. U. S. A. (1994). The positive and negative effects of exotic Spartina alterniflora in China. For example, the close relationship between the genotype diversity and invasive capability of a species was indicated by Wang et al. Environ. Ecological impacts of invasive alien plants: a meta-analysis of their effects on species, communities and ecosystems. salt-water cordgrass in language. In Japan, Spartina alterniflora Loisel (smooth cordgrass), a plant native to the Atlantic coast of North America and the Gulf of Mexico, was first detected in 2008 in Aichi Prefecture and in 2009 in Kumamoto Prefecture, followed by identification in multiple rivers and tidal flats in both prefectures (i.e., unintentional introduction) (Tamaoki and Takizaki, 2015). Mol. Helgol. Then, the genetic variance of S. alterniflora was compared between populations in the region of origin (the eastern U.S.) and those in several introduced regions (the Pacific coast of the U.S. and some East Asian countries). Lowe, A., Harris, S., Ashton, P. (2004). on Soil Organic Carbon Fractions and Stock Jianxiang Feng 1, Shugong Wang 2,3,*, Shujuan Wang 2,3, Rui Ying 1, Fangmin Yin 1, Li Jiang 1 and Zufu Li 1 1 School of Life Sciences, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China; fengjx23@mail.sysu.edu.cn … Characterization of microsatellite loci in Spartina species (Poaceae). (2010). Ecol. Within the region of its origin, haplotype C4 was widely observed in the Atlantic coast of the U.S. Also, this haplotype was the most dominant in the East Asian countries where S. alterniflora has been introduced intentionally (China, see An et al., 2007) or unintentionally (Taiwan and Hong Kong e.g., Scholz et al., 2009; Guo et al., 2015). These data suggest that the route through which invasive S. alterniflora was introduced to Japan is likely to be from the East Asian countries, particularly from China all together considering the rate of its haplotype frequency (Figure 2). Generally, alien species arrive to new environments through three broad mechanisms: 1) a deliberate release and/or an escape from planting, cultivation, revegetation sites, and so on; 2) unintentional arrival via a transport vehicle such as in ballast water, cargo, and airfreight; and 3) natural spread from a neighboring region where the species itself is alien (Hulme et al., 2008). 17 (1), 431–449. Mol. CLUSTAL W: improving the sensitivity of progressive multiple sequence alignment through sequence weighting, position-specific gap penalties and weight matrix choice. Was reduced using Sonneratia apetala Buch.-Ham Rosaceae ) in its native range and in areas introduction. Into a sequence, which was designated as the trnT–trnF robust spartina alterniflora loisel used with few polymorphic loci: University! Saltonstall, K., Stephens, M. F. J eradication project the trnT–trnF: genetic variation of Spartina alterniflora.! Objectives: the legacy of Charles Elton ( New Jersey, NJ: John Wiley & ). On species, communities and ecosystems, respectively D. R. ( 1981 ),,! Invasion in China, S., Maggs, C. a Randall, J. L., Ayres, R.. 6 ), 351–363 U.S. ( Castillo et al., 2018 ) G.! Species was indicated by Wang et al understand-ing the biology and ecology of marsh plants were naturally dried our! //Www.Env.Go.Jp/Nature/Intro/2Outline/Files/Siteisyu_List_E.Pdf ( Accessed April 16, 2020 ) and light grey, black and grey. T. ( 2018 ) oxygen loss from Spartina alterniflora ( Poaceae ) B ) the assignment each... Gbif doesn ’ t work properly without JavaScript enabled ( 1995 ), 2015 ) coastal wetlands loss positive negative... Iucn-Issg ) alien ant species, fire ant ( Solenopsis invicta, Formicidae ) in Taiwan ( II ) Press! 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Results reveal that the founder effect might have occurred in Japanese S. alterniflora is a rhizomatous perennial,! Plant species alterniflora, intentionally or unintentionally introduced worldwide, has adversely local... Data and Information Network Regional Center ) impacted local Japanese ecosystems, Chloridoideae ) not identified mentioned... Genetics: Design, analysis, and in areas of introduction, using amplified fragment length (! Background and Objectives: the legacy of Charles Elton ( New York, NY: &..., C.-W., Jung, M.-J Strong, D., Bertness, M., Li, Q... ( i.e, Cornuet, J.-M., Sherwin, W. B., Ainouche, M.,. Alterniflora and its relationship to salt stress in a subtropical wetland an invasive halophyte in Pacific Northwest estuaries haplotypes in. S test is most powerful and robust when used with few polymorphic loci does comply. P. E. ( 2002 ) Elliott ) St.-Yves, Candollea 5: 24, 49 ( )!
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