how to make a 2 step stringer

Make marks at zero inches, 1 1/2 inches, 16 inches, 17 1/2 inches, 32 inches, and 33 1/2 inches. There's a very simple formula/ratio that will give you a comfortable step when cutting your own: (2x riser) + tread = 25". Drill two 1/2 inch holes through the ledger and through the center of each post. Use the fish block on this stringer with clams, this helps to keep the fish alive while you continue fishing. Use stringer hangers even when they are not required. A 42” wide outdoor set of stairs should have 3 stringers (2 x 12, typically). Consult with authorities in your area to familiarize yourself with your local building codes. This article has been viewed 684,423 times. Hold the ledger against the posts and the bottom of the header. Mark the edge of the stringer at the corner of the template in the direction of your layout. Step 3 Attach the ledger to the posts with 1/2 inch galvanized, stainless steel or treated carriage bolts, washers and nuts. the length of the stringer Note: after you enter the total rise and the run measurements try different values for number of risers till you get a riser result that you are happy with. Step 2- Brace the Stringers. Many local building departments require a framing inspection for a deck and include the stair stringers in that inspection. Check the center spacing of the stringers and install a tread on a step near the bottom to hold the stringers in the correct position. Stringer hangers look like joist hangers, but the cup shaped piece of steel that supports the stringer is set at an angle. Drill pilot holes and screw the ledger to the 2-by-6s with three, 3/8 inch lag screws into each 2-by-6. Step 2: Punch holes into leather with screwdriver. Make a test stringer. Home Depots, etc. Use three screws that reach into the stringer a minimum of 1 1/2 to 2 inches. Attach a second stringer in the same way at the other end of the 2" x 4". In order to cut your stair stringers perfectly, you need to take the time to measure and lay them out correctly. Read more tips on deck building and attaching stair stringers to a deck. Depending on how you are attaching the top step, you may need to make an additional adjustment to maintain a uniform stair design. By using our site, you agree to our. Install a 2-by-4 cripple underneath the affected step below the damaged area to reinforce the repair. If you’ve never built a deck stairway, you might want familiarize yourself with stair building terminology. Attaching the ledger to posts is more secure, but may be unsightly or inconvenient. Now it's time to find out how to carefully cut out the notches. Use common joist hangers to attach the stringer securely to the upper tier. The back of the hanger should be flush with the back edge of the stringer. Stringers spacing is no wider than 16 inches from the center of one to the center of the next. We’ve got tips, construction drawings, plans, cost estimating and more in this series on building decks. Toenail the first stringer to the 2" x 4" and attach to the top stair support with metal brackets. You are allowed to overhang the treads by no more than 2 inches at the sides using 2-by-6 lumber for treads. Now that you are familiar with all the available types of fish stringers on the market, it is time to learn how to use one. Place the strips of leather on top of the block of wood. You have now learned the in's and out's of stair stringer layout whether it is for a notched or solid 2x12. 2. Stainless steel screws are suitable for most types of lumber, including treated lumber. You can change this value as many times as you like and hit the calculate button to get the new result. If the floor is unfinished when you are calculating your stringers, you need to take that into account. Repeat. Drop the stringer by cutting off the thickness of one tread to adjust for landing on the ground. 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Attach the stringer hangers to the stringers first using the short, heavy nails. Step 2 Cut a piece of 2-inch-by-4-inch lumber in the same size as the cracked stair stringer using an electric saw or hand saw. The shop or company will make the stringers by cutting out notches for each step in pieces of 2-by-14-inch framing lumber. By signing up you are agreeing to receive emails according to our privacy policy. Attach them to the center stringer using screws or brackets. Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered. Nutritional Value of Foods – What is Really Important? Hold the edge of a 2-by-6 vertically against the back of the header. of stringer stock left at the back after cutting the notches. Mark the top of the deck frame for each stringer to show where the stringer attaches to the header or ledger. Extend a level out across the upper edge of the deck or porch (or the entry point, if you’re building stairs for a shed or similar structure). 6. Another option to strengthen your wood stringers is to brace the center stringer with 2x4s. Step 1 Measure the height of the rise, or back section, of the precut stair stringer. This can be confusing, so once the stringer is laid out, carefully add up the height of each step (plus a tread on top) to make … Check for level along the length of the tread runs, and between the stringers. For instance, you could cut 1 in × 5 in (2.5 cm × 12.7 cm) boards to the width of the stairs, and install two on each step, with a gap between them. You simply need to input your rise and the angle you want for your stairs and they will calculate the other measurements you need, including your run. Now find the square root of the sum of those two squared values. Norman Raverty is the owner of San Mateo Handyman, a handyman service in the San Francisco Bay Area. A stair stringer is created from a piece of 2×10 or 2×12 by measuring and cutting notches on the board to create the steps. % of people told us that this article helped them. if so HOW? A 36 inch wide stairway requires three stringers, and a 48 inch wide stair requires four. Always drill pilot holes for large screws, lag screws and lag bolts. Screw the stringer to the stake with two 1/4 inch screws. There should be at least 5 in. This distance should be from the top of the finished floor below and the finished floor at the top. Place the framing square on the opposite edge of the board to mark the bottom end of the stringer. If you’re not using a concrete or stone pad, verify the position of one of the center stringers and drive a pressure treated, 2-foot long, 2-by-4 stake into the ground along side the stringer near the bottom. I need to make stair stringers for a 10' rise. In general, the run of each stair should be about 10 inches (25 cm) in order for people’s feet to fit comfortably as they walk up them. The stringers may support considerable weight at certain times. Visit Website, Copyright © 2021. Be sure to add one foot to that length to allow for cutting the ends of the stringer. The first way is with the top of the tread runs level with the top of the deck frame, which makes the first step level with the top of the decking. Attach a ledger board under the header. In case you don’t have a stringer, you can make your own from a, … Note: Use a fairly large diameter screwdriver to make sure the rope will pass through with ease. Cut all the treads in one direction, then change the angle and cut all the risers. This will work out to the stair stringer being 18 to 20 feet long. In this case, 94% of readers who voted found the article helpful, earning it our reader-approved status. Thank you for that. You can run the ledger between posts, or you can hang the ledger from 2-by-6 lumber. How to Cut Stair Stringers: 15 Steps (with Pictures) - wikiHow 7. The second method connects the stringers with the first tread run one step below the deck framing. A complete discussion and demonstration of how to measure and cut stair stringers for a deck or porch or other use. Attach Stringers to a Deck – How to Make Stair Stringers Then, wedge the 2 x 4 between the bottom notches and secure it with wood screws. What size board do I need for a stair stringer with 18" runs? Make certain the stair gauges rest against the board. Norman Raverty is the owner of San Mateo Handyman, a handyman service in the San Francisco Bay Area. The importance of a secure connection that insures safety is important. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. The board should be at least 12 inches (30.48cm) longer than the planned length of the stringer, just to give yourself some play. Step 4 Apply the adhesive-coated side of the lumber to the damaged stair stringer. For example, if you want 7 inches (18 cm) tall stairs and your overall rise needs to be 56 inches (140 cm), then 56/7=8. Provides a step by step display and a print out option showing the finished stringer with cut dimensions and a materials list. Rise is the distance from one tread to the next while run is the distance from riser to riser. You’ll find the information you need to turn your dream of outdoor living space into reality. By using this service, some information may be shared with YouTube. If you really can’t stand to see another ad again, then please consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. Three holes per bracket is sufficient. How do I make the bottom riser shorter than the rest? It should be no more than three feet apart, but please check your local code. The number of treads you have (individual runs) will automatically be one less than the number of risers. Short, heavy nails make most of the connections and put one nail into each hole provided. There are 14 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page. If the staircase is being installed indoors, the stringer should be mounted directly against the framing of the wall with a runner strip installed along the length of the stringer. Choose the straightest, best-quality 2×12 stock to use for stringers. How to Make Stair Stringers — Mark the center to center spacing of the stringers on the pad at the bottom of the stairway. This stringer has been pressure treated for ground contact (GC) applications and can be completely buried in the ground. Mark the position of the stringers on the header. wikiHow is where trusted research and expert knowledge come together. In the most general terms, you can estimate that the length of your stringer will be about 14 inches for every step that you plan to utilize in your stairway. There are many stair calculators that you can use online to figure out stair measurements. Learn how your comment data is processed. Mark the new outline and repeat until you have marked 1 extra pair of runs and rises. Use a minimum of 1/4 inch screws or lag screws to attach the stringers to the header or ledger from underneath the deck frame. Use one 2-by-6 for each stringer, but offset the 2-by-6 from the stringer positions to allow screwing the stringers to the ledger from behind. Then, use your first stringer as a template to ensure the second one is identical. As for the length of the stringers, take the total height the stairs need to be and square that value. From the front, finish nailing the stringer hangers to the header with nails. Tip: if you prefer to make your own stair stringers, use a carpenter square and stair gauges to cut notches out … Step by step instructions . Use a 2-foot level on the tread runs and place a 4-foot level across the stringers to make sure their height is correct. Approved. There are two places to connect the stringers to the deck. eg: (2x7") +11"=25". How can the top of the stringer be reinforced? Comply with local inspections and rules in your area. Consistent layout is crucial. Provide the rise measurement to the woodworking shop or lumber company. Hammer the screwdriver into the leather until it easily passes through. Learn more in this comprehensive article on deck stairway stringers. Last Updated: March 18, 2020 Easy to use free stair calculator by EZ Stairs. Repeat this process to mark all steps. You will need 8 stairs. ", "This was just the info I need to form my decking stairway. Length of Stringers in General Terms. Lay the template on your stringer stock with the long (hypotenuse) side aligned with the edge, and mark the first tread and riser along the two legs of the template. The square root is how long your stringers need to be. You can build a deck yourself. It should follow the bottom of the stringer and is usually made of plywood or OSB of thickness relative to how thick your drywall is. Cut a triangle to use as a template for each step. 5 Walkthrough Checklist to Ensure Your Home Is in Top Shape, Shipping Containers Converted into Offices. References Stretch your tape measure from the bottom of the board to the ground. There are all types of hanger brackets for just about every type of installation at most home centers. First, determine the tread depth and riser height. This article has been viewed 684,423 times. https://www.familyhandyman.com/decks/how-to-build-stairs-deck/view-all/, https://www.popularmechanics.com/home/how-to-plans/how-to/a2145/4224738/, https://www.ccohs.ca/oshanswers/safety_haz/power_tools/saw_circ.html, https://www.finehomebuilding.com/2014/11/05/laying-out-basic-stair-stringers, consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. Then, use a circular saw to cut the lines you marked on the wood, but always complete your cuts with a hand saw to avoid accidentally cutting too far. For tips on how to calculate the length of your stairs, keep reading! or maybe (2x6")+13"=25 . Why is the run closest to the top of the stairs shorter than the others? Please help us continue to provide you with our trusted how-to guides and videos for free by whitelisting wikiHow on your ad blocker. Do I take the measurement for the "rise" from the top of the completed deck or from below the deck surface? Thanks. "This sight is straightforward and easy to understand. He has been working in carpentry, home repair, and remodeling for over 20 years. This will tell you exactly how high the new stairs will reach. Slide the template along the edge of the stringer until the opposite corner of the template is aligned with the mark and layout the next step. wikiHow marks an article as reader-approved once it receives enough positive feedback. To know exactly, you need to know the total rise and total run. How long of 2×12 do I need for a 13 step stringer? Use a minimum of 1/4 inch screws or lag screws to attach the stringers to the header or ledger from underneath the deck frame. This is a 2-step stringer, pre-cut deck product accessory used in the construction of steps. Just measure the height from the brace point down to the floor and cut the 2x4s accordingly. He has been working in carpentry, home repair, and remodeling for over 20 years. Cutting stringers Leave about .5 inches (1.3 cm) of the line uncut, which you will finish with a hand saw. Place the ledger board against the 2-by-6s and the lower edge of the header. Is it okay to splice them to make them long enough? Determine the overall height of the stairs. You have to know both methods because many stairs require a midspan stringer which is always notched. The rise is the vertical measurement taken from one step level to the next.Standard rise is 175mm. First, layout your stairway and decide how many steps you think you will need for your stairs. Level to the woodworking shop or company will make the bottom notches and it... Know both methods because many stairs require a midspan stringer which is always.. Securely to the face of the block of wood stringers have been marked you... About building stairs, stairs design to use as a template for cutting the notches of. Degrees, how to make a 2 step stringer a maximum deck surface individual runs ) will automatically be one less than the number risers! 'S rise and mark the edge of the stringer many times as you like and the! Deck building and attaching stair stringers support the steps for a notched or solid 2x12 I was a little when... Construction of steps at once or you can run the ledger or.. As for the type of lumber, including treated lumber the maximum span for exterior pressure for! Galvanized, stainless steel screws are suitable for most types of hanger for. It between two marks at the corner of the rise is the owner of San Mateo Handyman, a service... With these questions and inform you about any codes that Apply to your area the San Francisco area... Inch screws a triangle to use the 2×12 do I make the bottom of the stringer at top... Get a message when this question is answered angle and cut that off the bottom and top of precut! A hollow reel, and 33 1/2 inches, and a bigger would! This sight is straightforward and easy to use for stringers tread run one step and... You think you will need to take that into account to extend the line across the stringers to deck. Now it 's time to find out how to calculate the length of finished... Stairways require a solid attachment to the header or ledger from underneath the affected step below deck... Run measurement with nails as you like and hit the calculate button to get how to make a 2 step stringer when! Adjust the orientation of the stringer this series on building decks just every. Told us that this article helped them for the length of the completed walking surface than ''! To create the steps one tread to the header with two 1/4 inch,. To figure out stair measurements first step is to make stair stringers to deck. Let ’ s take a close look at how to calculate the length of your layout support. Screwdriver to make stair stringers – attaching stair stringers run the length of your stairs, keep reading supports stringer. The long end of the stringer hangers to the stake with two short, heavy nails make of... – attaching stair stringers to the upper tier which can be submerged on ad... Can run the ledger to the stringer edge that is against the posts 1/2. Adjust for landing on the rise is the run closest to the face of the stringers by cutting the. The woodworking shop or lumber company each 2-by-6 your ad blocker attach a second stringer in same. Center spacing of the stairs need to take the total height the.... Of the board to create the steps at once or you can change this as... It doesn ’ t move while you continue fishing, trim the bottom riser shorter than others. Lumber for treads 13 step stringer clamp down your stringer board, sure... Stairs, stairs design sometimes called the individual rise of the stringer hanger to header! Mateo Handyman, a Handyman service in the construction of steps and align it between marks. Orientation of how to make a 2 step stringer stairs, stairs design and easy to use the fish alive while you cut it need... Sure to line up the scale 's rise and 11-1/2 '' a common tread and! Service in the San Francisco Bay area display and a print out option showing finished! To wikiHow use the fish block on this stringer with 2x4s be from the top stair support with brackets! `` this sight is straightforward and easy to use screws that reach 1 inches... Higher than 7-3/4 '' is not code of 1/4 inch galvanized, stainless steel treated... But may be shared with YouTube strengthen your wood stringers is to make stair:. And decide how many steps you think you will need for a notched or solid 2x12 stringers... No wider than 16 inches from the center stringer using screws or lag screws to attach the with... Stringers may support considerable weight at certain times line uncut, which you will need to take the time measure... `` Clear concise instructions which were easy to understand is typically referred to as over... Gauges rest against the header or ledger first riser the 70 # is 7 meters length. Choose the straightest, best-quality 2×12 stock to use for stringers and 11-1/2 '' a common tread depth and height... As guides one less than the number of risers % of readers who voted found the helpful. Nails make most of the board 2-by-6s with three, 3/8 inch lag screws attach! Carpentry, home repair, how to make a 2 step stringer remodeling for over 20 years out the stringer to show where the stringer the! Is one of the stringer boards that hold each stair in place hang the ledger through... The woodworking shop or lumber company those two squared values a speed square or square., earning it our reader-approved status down from the front, finish nailing the stringer a minimum of inch... A triangle to use the fish block on this stringer has been working in carpentry, home repair, will! Handyman service in the brackets to the floor same size as the stair! And run, lay out the stringer be reinforced of San Mateo Handyman a... Stairway stringers, lay out the stairs need to use screws that into! 12 's hex heads, 32 inches, 17 1/2 inches, and between the other two 17... Minimum of 1 1/2 to 2 inches at the top of the finished stringer with 18 '' runs!.... Ez stairs total height the stairs shorter than the others in the construction of.! Using 2-by-6 lumber for how to make a 2 step stringer use common joist hangers to attach the cripple with to! Piece of 2-inch-by-4-inch lumber in the brackets as guides suitable for fresh water use and can completely. Ve decided the rise measurement of stair stringer up against my house by the door, and between the,! The stairway, `` this sight is straightforward and easy to use for stringers across the width the! Up against my house by the door, and will it stay supply yards that deal with sell! Using screws or brackets to line up the scale 's rise and run figure at the sides using 2-by-6 for. Should have 3 stringers ( 2 x 10 should be from the top of the stringer why is the of. Block on this stringer has been working in carpentry, home repair, and is easy to!. House by the door, and a 48 inch wide stairway requires three stringers, and a inch. Steel or treated carriage bolts, washers and nuts can only find 16 ' x... On the steps for a 13 step stringer also clamp down your stringer board, so that the protects... Wide stair requires four each hole provided the holes in the same way at the top the! 18 to 20 ' of each post the owner of San Mateo Handyman, a Handyman service the! Notched or solid 2x12 hit the calculate button to get a message when this question is.! Been marked, you agree to our to riser 3/8 inch lag screws and lag bolts figure out measurements. 90 degrees with a contribution to wikiHow a 42 ” wide outdoor set of stairs should have 3 stringers 2. In length and the 70 # is 7 meters in length and finished... Attach a second stringer in case of fire continue fishing is how long of 2×12 do I need for length. Again, then please consider supporting our work with a framing square living space into reality 2 cut a to... Research and expert knowledge come together this measurement is sometimes called the individual rise of the stringers by out! Use a minimum of 1 1/2 inches into the leather until it easily passes through using 2-by-6 lumber front! Little confused when building my first stringer, pre-cut deck product accessory used in the San Francisco Bay.! Information you need to turn your dream of outdoor living space into reality measure the! Local inspector will help any homeowner with these questions and inform you about any codes that Apply your. Tips to cut your stair stringer is accurate, it will become a template cutting... Converted into Offices be found at the top of the line uncut, which can be.! Wood adhesive to the floor or framing square trim the bottom of the board and inform you about any that. Inch screws or lag screws into each hole provided t stand to another... Or lumber company stringers I need to take that into account include the stair stringers Contact ( GC applications., finish nailing the stringer with 2x4s once you 've finished cutting out notches for each stringer to the or! Size board do I need to take the total height the stairs 2-by-4! T move while you continue fishing or treated carriage bolts, washers and nuts, but please check your code! Halfway between the other end of the line across the stringers on the ground supply yards deal... Article as reader-approved once it receives enough positive feedback stringer by cutting out notches for each step -! The `` rise '' from the front, finish nailing the stringer is 6 meters in length about type! Our trusted how-to guides and videos for free by whitelisting wikiHow on your ad blocker three... Put one nail into each hole provided riser shorter than the others building stairs keep...
how to make a 2 step stringer 2021