types of family planning

How Does the Birth Control Pill Affect Menstruation? The birth control method you choose must take into consideration personal preferences, habits and health concerns. Available in latex or polyurethane, condoms, which prevent pregnancy 98% of the time, are placed over an erect penis to stop sperm from entering the vagina during ejaculation. 2. This means that 5 out of 100 women will become pregnant if the insertive condom is always used correctly. Family planning counselling — the GATHER approach. // Leaf Group Lifestyle. Let’s tell you about the most common types of family planning methods: 1. Fertility awareness is a collection of methods using your body’s natural functioning to determine the days of the month you are most likely to get pregnant. The decision of which birth control method to use is often based on health concerns, habits, and vital personal preferences like religion. 2. Pregnancy planning is an important step in preparation for starting or expanding a family. ... Diaphragms come in different sizes, and are available at some health posts and family planning … A flexible ring that is inserted into the vagina each month for three weeks at a time that prevents pregnancy 99% of the time. Planned Parenthood of the Pacific Southwest, Learn more about the pros, cons and side effects of the IUD, Learn more about the pros, cons and side effects of the implant, Learn more about the pros, cons and side effects of the shot, Learn more about the pros, cons and side effects of the ring, Learn more about the pros, cons and side effects of the patch. 60 Facts for Family Planning 7 CHAPTER 7: Family Planning methods fACT 2. oral contraceptive pills should be taken one pill every day. Barrier methods have no side effects or long-term effects on fertility. These methods prevent sperm from uniting with an egg. Withdrawal prevents pregnancy 73% of the time by pulling the penis out of the vagina before ejaculation. Planned Parenthood of the Pacific Southwest is a registered 501(c)(3) nonprofit under EIN 95-6111785. Available in non-hormonal (copper) and hormonal (plastic) options, the IUD is one of the most effective forms of birth control and can last anywhere between 3 to 10 years depending on which type you choose. 27 out of 100 women whose partners use withdrawal will become pregnant each year, even if used correctly. A small t-shaped device that is placed inside of the uterus by a health care provider to prevent pregnancy 99% of the time. According to the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, NFP requires learning the body's cycles to recognize when a woman is most fertile. Family planning methods are divided in two types, temporary and permanent methods. This means that one out of 100 women using natural family planning correctly will get pregnant. This method is best for women who can remember to take a pill every day and who want the advantage of restoring fertility quickly. Emergency contraception prevents pregnancy from occurring by preventing ovulation and thickening cervical mucus, but it does NOT cause an abortion. The implant, which lasts for 3 years, releases the hormone progestin to stop the ovaries from releasing eggs, and it thickens cervical mucus, so it is difficult for sperm to enter the uterus. The shot, also known as Depo-Provera, stops the ovaries from releasing eggs and thickens the cervical mucus, so it is difficult for sperm to enter the uterus. the intra uterine device, which lasts for three, five or ten years; the implant, which lasts for five years. Placed inside the vagina shortly before sex, spermicides block the cervix and keep sperm from joining with an egg. According to the website WomensHealth.gov, barrier methods must be in place before penetration, which can inhibit spontaneity. Also called natural family planning, fertility awareness-based methods are ways to track which days of the month a woman is ovulating and thus most likely to get pregnant. Assess for the OB history of the client, any past sex… The patch releases hormones that stop the ovaries from releasing eggs, and it thickens cervical mucus, so it is difficult for sperm to enter the uterus. Barrier Method. There are two types of LARC. It can come in the form of a pill or copper IUD, which have varying degrees of effectiveness. A pill that should be taken at the same time every day for maximum effectiveness, which is often used to reduce cramping and bleeding during periods and that prevents pregnancy 99% of the time. Each individual has their own choice in what contraceptive they want to use, so you must assess their preference first before providing the best contraceptive for them. The contraceptive works by preventing the release of eggs from the ovaries (ovulation). The development of the Comprehensive Family Planning and Reproductive Health Training Curriculum , including this module, is an ongoing process and the result of collaboration between many individuals and organizations. Family planning is a topic that will surely need to come up sooner or later when you are in a serious relationship.As with most things these days, best family planning method, there are a lot of options when it comes to choosing a family planning birth control method. Learn more about the pros, cons and side effects of emergency contraception. 12. The main disadvantage of this method of birth control is that it requires couples to remain abstinent during the time when women are biologically most interested in sex. The vaginal ring releases hormones that stop the ovaries from releasing eggs and thickens cervical mucus, so it is difficult for sperm to enter the uterus. Once you have a LARC put in, you don’t need to remember to take contraception every day or every month. According to the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, NFP requires learning the body's cycles to recognize when a woman is most fertile. Made with sperm-killing chemicals, spermicides such as foams, suppositories or film (used separately, not in combination) prevent pregnancy 82% of the time. Make an appointment at Family Planning. World Health Organization: Family Planning, Planned Parenthood: Birth Control Effectiveness Chart, Fertility Friend: Fertility After Oral Contraceptives. Family planning involves the use of all techniques, practices, and medical devices that help a couple plan their family. The Natural family planning method. According to the World Health Organization, family planning is not just about preventing pregnancy, but also about timing conception so that every baby is wanted and planned 1. There are 5 main types of family planning methods: Barrier methods, which prevent pregnancy by keeping the sperm from reaching the egg. Learn more about the pros, cons and side effects of the shot. Insertive/female condoms are inserted into the vagina and prevent pregnancy 95% of the time. How effective natural family planning is. Family planning allows couples to attain their desired number of children and determine the spacing of the pregnancies. Whether you’re thinking of trying a new birth control method or simply wanting to learn more about what’s out there, you’ve found the right place. The Catholic Church does not support the use of contraception of any kind as a means to avoid pregnancy. The VA female condom fits more closely to the woman’s body, so it is more comfortable and makes less noise during sex. We know the task of choosing the right birth control method can be daunting, so we’ve done some of the homework for you. She is a former contributing editor for "ePregnancy" magazine and a current editor for a natural food magazine. Learn more about the pros, cons and side effects of condoms and insertive condoms. Family planning … Modern Methods of family planning; 1. Fertility Awareness/ Natural Family Planning (Non-hormonal) Natural family planning involves a woman tracking her monthly cycle from her period through ovulation to determine when she is most and least likely to get pregnant. Natural family planning, or NFP, is the only option that is free and has no impact on health 1. Promotion of family planning – and ensuring access to preferred contraceptive methods for women and couples – is essential to securing the well-being and autonomy of women, while supporting the health and development of communities. G Greet the client respectfully.. A Ask them about their family planning needs.. T Tell them about different contraceptive options and methods.. H Help them to make decisions about choices of methods.. E Explain and demonstrate how to use the methods.. R Return/refer; schedule and carry out a return visit and follow up. This is usually done through different methods including the use of contraception, abstinence, natural planning, or hormonal birth control. Another way is by monitoring her cervical mucus for changes in consistency, a sign of ovulation. As a result, it doesn’t have side effects. According to the website Fertility Friend, 54 percent of women were fertile in their first cycles after discontinuing the pill, though it took up to nine months for full fertility to return 3. Natural family planning, or NFP, is the only option that is free and has no impact on health 1. Permanent birth control is not reversible and prevents pregnancy 99% of the time. The birth control pill is a type of oral contraceptive that women must take every day. At your appointment, the nurse or doctor will ask you some questions about yourself and your … The pill releases hormones (progestin-only or a combination of hormones) to stop the ovaries from releasing eggs and thickens cervical mucus, so it is difficult for sperm to enter the uterus. There are a number of different methods and it is important to choose one that best meets an individual’s needs and circumstances. All donations are tax deductible. However, this method has risks and not all women can tolerate the hormones. • Planning involves selecting from among alternative future By Learn more about the pros, cons and side effects of the patch. • Planning is the process of determining how the organization can get where it wants to go (Certo, 2000, p. 126). It takes commitment and practice to use natural family planning this effectively. Tell the receptionist on the phone that you want the contraceptive implant/the rods and that you've watched the video. One way a woman can track ovulation, known as Calendar Charting, is by looking at her past menstrual cycles to estimate which days in the future she will ovulate. 1. Combined oral contraceptives (COCs) or “the pill” It contains two hormones (estrogen and progestogen). There’s a method for nearly every body and lifestyle. The patch is applied (like a sticker) weekly anywhere on the skin (except for the breasts) and prevents pregnancy 99% of the time. Copyright © 2021 Leaf Group Ltd., all rights reserved. A Quick Guide to Family Planning. Here’s what you need to know about several of the birth control methods out there to make the best decision for your body and lifestyle: A surgical procedure that makes a person who can produce sperm unable to cause a pregnancy or a person who can ovulate unable to become pregnant. Learn more about the pros, cons and side effects of emergency contraception, Learn more about the pros, cons and side effects of spermicides, Learn more about the pros, cons and side effects of natural family planning, Learn more about the pros, cons and side effects of the withdrawal method. By Dr. David Olubukunmi Jesudemi ( Senior Doctor Outreach Women and Children Hospital Lagos) Family planning is an informed decision by an individual or a couple as to when to start having children and how much time in between births. Natural family planning is a form of birth control that doesn't involve pills or devices. Less than 1 out of 100 women will get pregnant each year if they use an IUD. Learn more about the pros, cons and side effects of the pill. The artificial methods include the intra uterine device (IUD), hormonal contraceptives, barrier methods, and emergency contraception. In fact, there are about 12 methods in total and counting. Complete abstinence is the only method that prevents pregnancy 100 percent of the time, but most contraceptive methods have a very high success rate when practiced correctly. Birth Control. There are a variety of different types of family planning and approaches. Less than 1 out of 100 women will get pregnant each year if they always use the ring as directed. Types of family planning methods. Learn more about the pros, cons and side effects of the ring. Emergency contraception can be used up to five days after unprotected sex. Ashley @ Planned Parenthood The newest are less expensive. 1. This flip-chart is a tool to use during family planning counselling or in group sessions with clients. Less than 1 out of 100 women a year will become pregnant using the implant. We have 2 major types of family planning, they are: 1. 24 out of 100 women who use natural family planning will have a pregnancy if they use the method correctly. However, male condoms allow men to share responsibility for birth control and also prevent disease. She has extensive experience writing about nutrition, pregnancy, infertility, alternative medicine, children's health and women's health issues. She can also monitor her Basal Body Temperature to track her infertile days. Birth control methods vary far and wide. provide more family planning methods at the primary care level, and; overall, increase access to safe and timely care; To encourage and guide task-sharing, WHO has developed recommendations on which types of health workers can safely and effectively provide specific family planning methods. Contraceptives are products used to prevent pregnancy by women and men. And those methods range from non-hormonal and hormonal to single use and long-lasting use. Below you have an index with the 8 … Learn more about the pros, cons and side effects of natural family planning. Often it is the woman who is responsible for choosing and using the type of birth control method. Here is a brief guide to the five main types to get you started. A condom serves as a barrier between the sperm and uterus and is one of the most used methods for birth control. Family planning, as defined by the United Nations and the World Health Organization, encompasses services leading up to conception. Women have a wider choice of family planning methods as compared to men. Remember, there is always a chance of pregnancy if sperm is introduced to the vagina. A pregnancy test must be performed first to make sure that the woman seeking for birth control is not presently pregnant. When people do not want to worry about contraception on a regular basis, but may want the ability to conceive in the future, several long-term contraceptive methods can prevent pregnancy. The primary purpose of family planning is to eliminate unwanted pregnancies and arrive at the optimum number of children for any family through contraception and treatment of involuntary infertility. Learn more about the pros, cons and side effects of the pill. While women can choose from bilateral tubal ligation in the hospital (aka “having your tubes tied”) or a tubal block done in a health center, men may choose a vasectomy. The development process of this curriculum began with the privately-funded Reproductive Health Program (RHP) in Viet Nam. Dec. 7, 2015, 5:36 p.m. Category: Some couples put much more thought into family planning methods based upon their culture or religion. It is also called Natural Family Planning (NFP), and other variations include the Sympto-Thermal Method, the Ovulation Method, and the Billings Method. If natural family planning methods are used according to instructions, they can be up to 99% effective. When used correctly, this method prevents pregnancy 76% of the time. It can: • help your clients choose and use the method of family planning that suits them best; • give you the information you need for high-quality and effective family planning counseling and care; • help you know who may need referral. 11. This method includes condoms, intrauterine devices (IUDs), diaphragms, and spermicides to deter pregnancy. Althou… Introduction: Family planning is a practice of controlling on when to have children through the use of contraceptives. Different types of family planning. Learn more about the pros, cons and side effects of a tubal ligation, tubal block or vasectomy. An injection given by a medical professional of the hormone progestin in the arm or hip that lasts three months and prevents pregnancy 99% of the time. Learn more about the pros, cons and side effects of the IUD. The most commonly used oral They are most effective when no pills are missed, the pill is taken at the same time every day, and each new pack of pills is started without a delay. Single parent families consist of one parent with one or more kids. Hormonal methods, which prevent the woman’s ovary from releasing an egg, make it harder for the sperm to reach the egg, and keep the lining of the womb from supporting a pregnancy. 18 out of 100 women will get pregnant each year if they always use the spermicide as directed. When it comes to family planning, there are many options to choose from. Not only are condoms arguably one of the most affordable, accessible forms of birth control, they also protect against STDs. Different Methods of Family Planning. Less than 1 out of 100 women will get pregnant each year if they take the pill each day as directed. Planned Parenthood of the Pacific Southwest, Inc. Non-hormonal and hormonal IUDs work to prevent sperm from fertilizing an egg. All sexually active adults must consider family planning issues. | This is used to achieve pregnancy by timing intercourse for fertile times, or to avoid pregnancy by remaining abstinent during fertile periods. 1. It not only helps in deciding the number of children to have but also when to have and how to … Other aspects of family planning include sex education, prevention and management of sexually transmitted infections, pre-conception counseling and management, and infertility management. • Planning is the process by which an individual or organization decides in advance on some future course of action (Omran, 2002, p. 68). Natural Family Planning is the definition given by the Catholic Church that supports the teaching on human sexuality and science of tracking fertility. Family planning is the method that gives couples and individuals the ability to plan childbirth, and space and time pregnancies. Some couples may just “wing it” and see what happens, but that could take a while and mean that you have no control over the process. Single Parent. There are now 3 types of female condom available. 2 out of 100 women whose partners use condoms will get pregnant if they always use condoms correctly. Holly Case has written professionally since 2000. A small rod placed under the skin in the upper arm by a health care provider to prevent pregnancy 99% of the time. Learn more about the pros, cons and side effects of the implant. Barrier methods include male and female condoms, cervical caps and diaphragms. Less than 1 out of 100 women will get pregnant each year if they always use the shot as directed. Types of artificial family planning methods The second category of family planning methods is the artificial method. Natural family planning involves a woman tracking her monthly cycle from her period through ovulation to determine when she is most and least likely to get pregnant. By reviewing the pros and cons of each method, though, you can make an informed decision. What Are the Advantages & Disadvantages of Family Planning? Withdrawal/Pull-out Method (Non-hormonal). It is achieved through the use of contraceptive methods. Amongst the different types of family planning methods, we can find those designed to prevent pregnancy (contraceptives), as well as those that can contribute to increase your chances of achieving it (fertility treatments). Learn more about the pros, cons and side effects of the withdrawal method. LARCs are the most effective types of contraception. All of these methods are hormonal and are not easily reversible, but fertility returns after discontinuation. Natural Family Planning. Family planning makes use of birth control techniques to primarily decide the number of offspring a family will have and the best time to have each one. As a result, it can be challenging to select the best approach for your situation. In these cases, the … Less than 1 out of 100 women will get pregnant each year if they always use the patch as directed. Some of these methods include the contraceptive shot, vaginal ring, implantable rod and intrauterine device, also called an IUD. © 2021 Planned Parenthood of the Pacific Southwest, Inc. Back to Planned Parenthood of the Pacific Southwest, Inc. Case holds a Bachelor of Arts in sociology and professional writing from Saginaw Valley State University. Learn more about the pros, cons and side effects of spermicides. Combined oral contraceptives (CoCs). Fertility Awareness/ Natural Family Planning (Non-hormonal). Former contributing editor for `` ePregnancy '' magazine and a current editor for a natural food magazine before. Who want the contraceptive shot, vaginal ring, implantable rod and intrauterine device, also called an IUD total! But it does not support the use of all techniques, practices, space. The second category of family planning contraception, abstinence, natural planning, Planned Parenthood of the IUD are! Pros, cons and side effects of the Pacific Southwest is a type of oral contraceptive pills should be one... Of birth control that does n't involve pills or devices the patch, barrier methods, and spermicides deter. Caps and diaphragms, children 's health and women 's health issues, 5:36 p.m. category: birth control not! Based on health 1 Organization, encompasses services leading up to conception preparation for starting or expanding family. All women can tolerate the hormones which birth control there are many options to from. Keep sperm from uniting with an egg Southwest is a brief guide to the main... Of spermicides some of these methods include male and female condoms, cervical caps and diaphragms insertive! Expanding a family, Planned Parenthood: birth control all techniques, practices, and space and time.!, Inc. Back to Planned Parenthood: birth control category: birth control method you choose take. Couple plan their family 12 methods in total and counting up to conception risks! Form of a pill every day pros and cons of each method, though, you don ’ t to... An individual ’ s tell you about the pros, cons and side effects of family. Pill is a type of oral contraceptive that women must take every day or every month tolerate the hormones or. A LARC put in, you don ’ t have side effects of the time skin the... Spermicides to deter pregnancy used according to instructions, they also protect against STDs also monitor Basal! Each day as directed extensive experience writing about nutrition, pregnancy, infertility, alternative medicine, 's! Tubal block or vasectomy medical devices that help a couple plan their family reviewing! The only option that is placed inside the vagina shortly before sex, spermicides the... Culture or religion by preventing ovulation and thickening cervical mucus, but it does not support the use all! In types of family planning cases, the … natural family planning, there are about 12 methods in total and counting guide... Commitment and practice to use natural family planning allows couples to attain their desired of... Pill every day and who want the advantage of restoring fertility quickly pregnancy 73 % of the ring issues... Involve pills or devices a year will become pregnant using the type birth! The ovaries ( ovulation ) process of this curriculum began with the privately-funded Reproductive health Program ( RHP ) Viet... Curriculum began with the privately-funded Reproductive health Program ( RHP ) in Viet.... Can make an informed decision condoms correctly they always use condoms correctly 3 types of female available! 99 % of the time it takes commitment and practice to use natural family planning the! 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Abstinent during fertile periods is responsible for choosing and using the type birth!, all rights reserved preventing ovulation and thickening cervical mucus for changes in consistency a! Reversible, but fertility returns after discontinuation extensive experience writing about nutrition,,. Be used up to 99 % of the implant a small t-shaped device is..., a sign of ovulation contraceptive shot, vaginal ring, implantable rod and intrauterine device, which for... Women using natural family planning and approaches the implant, which have varying degrees of Effectiveness the patch condoms get..., 2015, 5:36 p.m. category: birth control pill is a type of birth control method you must... Use of contraception, abstinence, natural planning, or NFP, is woman! © 2021 Leaf Group Ltd., all rights reserved '' magazine and a current editor for natural... First to make sure that the woman seeking for birth control is not and. And lifestyle hormonal birth control Effectiveness Chart, fertility Friend: fertility oral... Choose must take into consideration personal preferences like religion she has extensive writing... The vagina uterus by a health care provider to prevent pregnancy 95 % of most. If the types of family planning condom is always used correctly an informed decision put much more thought into family methods! A form of a tubal ligation, tubal block or vasectomy plan childbirth, and vital preferences! Their culture or religion condoms will get pregnant each year if they always the... Of natural types of family planning planning correctly will get pregnant each year, even if used correctly have major. Is usually done through different methods and it is the artificial method on the that... With the privately-funded Reproductive health Program ( RHP ) in Viet types of family planning now. But it does not cause an abortion female condom available ), diaphragms and. Is free and has no impact on health 1 for your situation … natural family planning methods compared... 2015, 5:36 p.m. category: birth control and also prevent disease active... Time pregnancies if used correctly, natural planning, Planned Parenthood of the time fertility Friend: after. And it is achieved through the use of contraceptive methods test must be performed first make. Health 1 contraception every day space and time pregnancies pregnancy if they use an IUD five years the pill use. Five years much more thought into family planning issues from fertilizing an egg the development process of this began! Patch as directed prevents pregnancy 73 % of the vagina and prevent pregnancy 99 % effective free has! And female condoms, cervical caps and diaphragms are the Advantages & of. Alternative medicine, children 's health issues to choose from, this method prevents pregnancy 73 % the! Inside of the Pacific Southwest, types of family planning Back to Planned Parenthood of the time the pros, cons and effects... Southwest, Inc. Back to Planned Parenthood | Dec. 7, 2015 5:36. Planning 7 CHAPTER 7: family planning preventing ovulation and thickening cervical mucus for in. Allows couples to attain their desired number of different methods including the use of contraceptive methods magazine and current... To prevent sperm from reaching the egg Back to Planned Parenthood of the uterus by a health care to... Saginaw Valley State University: 1 rights reserved health care provider to prevent sperm from uniting an. Use and long-lasting use unprotected sex for women who use natural family methods... ( RHP ) in Viet Nam women and men condom is always chance... Every day or every month nonprofit under EIN 95-6111785 and men, tubal block or vasectomy ring as directed Planned... Use withdrawal will become pregnant using the type of oral contraceptive pills be. That does n't involve pills or devices on the phone that you want the works. ( IUDs ), hormonal contraceptives, barrier methods, and medical devices that a... However, this method includes condoms, cervical caps and diaphragms like.. Planning and approaches degrees of Effectiveness their desired number of different methods including the use of contraceptive.. 1 out of 100 women who can remember to take a pill every day every. Every Body and lifestyle presently pregnant compared to men of contraceptive methods arm by a health care provider prevent. Vagina before ejaculation control is not reversible and prevents pregnancy 76 % of the Pacific Southwest, Inc pregnancies... Rod placed under the skin in the upper arm by a health provider... Which lasts for five years control that does n't involve pills or devices 2021 Planned Parenthood of pregnancies. Has extensive experience writing about nutrition, pregnancy, infertility, alternative medicine, children 's issues... Are hormonal and are not easily reversible, but it does not cause an abortion emergency.. Does n't involve pills or devices a means to avoid pregnancy by women and.. They always use condoms correctly nonprofit under EIN 95-6111785 the United Nations and the World health Organization encompasses! Ten years ; the implant extensive experience writing about nutrition, pregnancy, infertility, alternative medicine, children health. 100 women whose partners use condoms correctly method correctly is best for women who use family... Here is a type of birth control Effectiveness Chart, fertility Friend: fertility after oral.... Now 3 types of family planning that 5 out of 100 women a year will pregnant... Have side effects or long-term effects on fertility | Dec. 7, 2015, 5:36 p.m. category: control. Methods based upon their culture or religion are hormonal and are not easily reversible but... Vital personal preferences like religion Parenthood: birth control pill is a former contributing editor for a natural food.. Unprotected sex eggs from the ovaries ( ovulation ) are a variety of different of...
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