polytropic efficiency of compressor nptel

The polytropic coefficient can be calculated by knowing the polytropic efficiency of the compressor, given by the manufacturer, and an abacus. A centrifugal compressor has efficiency between 70-85% and it depends mainly on mechanical losses and gas friction within compressor, varying with its size. OME tool can … It can be seen from Equations 2.41 and 2.43 that, for a given polytropic efficiency, the compressor isentropic efficiency decreases, whereas the turbine isentropic efficiency increases with increase in pressure ratio. Figure 1. This is illustrated in Fig. Polytropic Compression: The practical understanding of the polytropic process and its usage in defining the compression process and efficiency is a development of the last three decades. A trend of decreasing isentropic compressor efficiency is seen when increasing pressure ratio (at constant polytropic efficiency) (Saravanamuttoo et al., 2001, p. 61). An increase in centrifugal compressor speed will result in an increase in compressor polytropic head by a value equal to the square of the speed. n. Vp = 22 11. n. Tp Tp − = (1) 22 1 1. n. TV TV − = Compressor without clearance volume . In a well-designed subsonic stage, polytropic efficiency could reach around “0.9”. The part we are going to … The key difference between adiabatic and polytropic processes is that in adiabatic processes no heat transfer occurs whereas in polytropic processes heat transfer occurs.. RE: Polytropic efficiency of turbomachinery sailoday28 (Mechanical) 11 Aug 05 18:35. Stage efficiency and polytropic efficiency is 84 % and 87 %. Double flow ducted dehumidifier line The DPG-DF series highly efficient dehumidifiers with energy recycling (double flow) are high quality appliances with the following specifications: Full insulation for indoor use. Relationship to ideal processes. The real-gas equations of polytropic analysis are derived in terms of compressibility functions X and Y which supplement the familiar compressibility factor, Z. Case Study. Ie. A compression or expansion process caused by movment of a piston in a cylinder. Motor efficiency:- It is the ratio of shaft power to the input Power. In recent years, improvement in energy efficiency of each component is desired for the fuel efficiency of any car. The polytropic efficiency for transonic bladings is a bit lower (around “0.84” – “0.89”). f. Calculate the required power per stage by either Equation 11 or 12. If the volumetric efficiency is 78%, mechanical efficiency is 94% and the isothermal compression efficiency is 66%, Find: a) the metered flow per second (0.795 cu.m./sec) b) the indicated power in KW (181 KW) c) the power required to drive this compressor in KW ( 193 KW) d) the adiabatic compression efficiency ( 82%) 20. Efficiency of centrifugal compressor To determine head coefficient, preliminary efficiency shall be determine from Fig. ISENTROPIC EFFICIENCY OF CENTRIFUGAL COMPRESSOR WORKING WITH REAL GAS. Adiabatic and polytropic compression theory are discussed with supporting definition of terminology. The polytropic exponent n describing the adiabatic Pvn compression path can be estimated by Equation 3 where η is the polytropic efficiency shown in Figure 2 as a function of the inlet volumetric flow rate. Since then formulas were used, which describe the (average) energy conversion in compressor and turbine bladings in gas turbines. Assume constant work done in each stage and similar stages. 11, EFp= 0.695. n/(n-1) = EFp. The polytropic compressor efficiency is approximately equal to the hydraulic efficiency η p ... Lower COPs (4.78–6.55) correspond to lower compressor efficiency η comp s = 0.7) and lower ejector element efficiency (η pr = 0.85, η sec = 0.85, η mc = 0.95, η d = 0.60 (η ej = 0.30–0.35, T ′ = 22–29°C)). Inlet stagnation temperature and p° ressure is 288°K and 1 bar. Cite 29th Jun, 2017 Stagnation temperature rise for each stage is 15K. Figure 1 : principle of an abacus allowing to calculate the polytropic coefficient for a centrifugal compressor . This parameter reduces the overall efficiency and work output. These parameters describe how efficiently a turbine, compressor or nozzle approximates a corresponding isentropic device. Blade aspect ratio and pitch-chord ratio are 3 and 0.5. NPTEL Phase-I under grant in aid NMEICT, MHRD, New Delhi . In this research, the design data of axial flow compressor used in gas turbine engine is picked up from the Ta Dar Ooairway in Myanmar. 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