human trafficking in romania

Law no. Romania’s strategic geographical location (in Eastern Europe and very close to the western part of the Middle East) makes it a country of origin, transit and also a destination for the trafficking of human beings. 135/2010 on the Code of Criminal Procedure; Government Decision no. Law no. Due to the abuse and torture that victims of human trafficking undergo, they can receive life-long psychological harm, such as anxiety and post-traumatic stress disorder. Photo: Laura Sheahen/Caritas. This country, located in Eastern Europe, is well-known for its ties to the character of Bran Stoker’s famous novel “Dracula” and has also served as an inspiration for Jules Verne’s novel “The Castle of the Carpathians”. In many cases, victims struggle to reintegrate in society, not only because of the post-traumatic conditions that they endure, but also because human trafficking and sexual exploitation can still be a taboo issue in many places, leaving victims haunted by prejudice and mistrust. Human trafficking unquestionably impinges on human rights and fundamental freedoms. Authorities suspect that an organised criminal group (OCG) was formed in Romania in 2013 for the express purpose of committing the crimes of human trafficking, ongoing pimping and money laundering. However, Romania has unfortunately become a crucial transit country for human trafficking for the purpose of sexual exploitation. 210 - Trafficking in persons, art. ), artists and athletes, and also to many ordinary citizens that work hard every day to make Romania a great country. 286/2009 on the Criminal Code of Romania; Law no. [4] The normative acts on the basis of which the persons accused of trafficking in persons have been convicted are: the Criminal Code of Romania, art. Any individual can become a victim, although young women and children are the most vulnerable. Romania. The number of human trafficking cases is continuously growing in the EU. Nationality of victims: Most victims throughout the EU were from Romania and Bulgaria. Construct a trafficking shelter for repatriated victims in Bucharest Improve efforts to identify potential victims among v There are an estimated 100,000 homeless children throughout Eastern Europe, including 2,000 in Romania. Romania has one of the highest economic growth rates in the EU, but it also has one of the bloc's highest rates of poverty. Once abroad, victims are deprived of their freedom and forced into prostitution, pornography or other contemporary forms of slavery. The human trafficking market in Romania is very dynamic as the authorities struggle to control this crime. Romanian men, women, and children are subjected to labor trafficking in agriculture, construction, hotels, manufacturing, and domestic service, as well as forced begging and theft in Romania and other European countries. One of the countries in the European Union (EU) that is affected the most by the horrifying reality of human trafficking is Romania, where thousands of young women and children are recruited, smuggled and forced into prostitution or other types of modern slavery in other EU or non-EU countries. Romania is a significant source of sex and labor trafficking victims throughout Europe. The fight against human trafficking, as well as many other forms of transnational organized crime, is extremely difficult. In worst case scenarios, these psychological consequences can lead victims to suicide or other self-destructive behaviour, such as substance or alcohol abuse, and that is why victims need to receive psychological support and assistance as soon as possible, on a regular basis. Big changes always begin with small steps, and hopefully Romania and the rest of world can start to work towards the eradication of this horrible reality that affects so many people. 1. She was attacked and kidnapped in last summer and although she had called the emergency number three times, the police started to look for her only many hours later. Romania remains a primary source country for sex trafficking and labor trafficking victims in Europe. Also, victims of sexual exploitation can be affected by sexual transmitted diseases or other physical health problems as a result of physical abuse. Global Report on Trafficking in Persons 2012. Human trafficking is, in essence, a contemporary form of slavery, President Klaus Iohannis told the "Human Trafficking: New Path of Cooperation and Achievement" conference on Thursday. Child trafficking and child prostitution are problems in Romania and represent a large threat throughout Eastern Europe. Homeless or "street" children are frequent victims. Human trafficking is a serious and terrible breach of human rights and a violation human dignity, yet it remains a lucrative illegal market globally. Furthermore, Romania’s entry in the European Union (EU) in 2007 allowed the free movement of the country’s citizens to other EU countries, which caused the country to become an even more attractive place for human traffickers, as they can easily transport their victims to other EU countries. High levels of poverty combined with low possibilities for finding secure employment provide a breeding ground for traffickers to recruit their victims. 335/2007/2881/2007/1990/2007/1072/2007/266/A 6880/409/C/2353/C/2008 for the approval of the National Mechanism for Identification and Referral of Victims of Trafficking in Human Beings. Liberté, Egalité, Mbappé: How France’s World Cup Success Highlights its Urban “Territorial Apartheid”, profits from human trafficking reach 150 billion US dollars every year, 23.6% of the population living below the national poverty line, one of the countries within the EU with the highest levels of corruption, Not everyone plays ball at the world’s first Indigenous Games, “A Welfare Program for Journalists”: A Look at a Donald Trump Presidential Campaign, Sweden and Taiwan: Fighting Coronavirus With Different Strategies, Climate Litigation: David Versus Goliath 2.0, Money behind bars – prisons and profiteering. 678/2001 on preventing and combating trafficking in human beings, as subsequently amended and supplemented; Law no. Last year, In Romania were only 675 new cases of human trafficking, less than previous years, and prosecutors prosecuted 362 trafficking suspects, less than in 2016 and 2015. Young women from rural or marginalised areas and those with the lowest levels of education are the most likely to fall into the hands of traffickers for purpose of sexual exploitation. Reports consulted: United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. This place is also home to prominent inventors, scientists (insulin, without which many humans would not be able to survive, was discovered by the Romanian-born doctor Paulescu! Statistics show, however, that the actual number of people who have been or are still being trafficked is not known. Of the voluntary returners and young women assisted by the International Organization for Migration – IOM Bucharest International Human Rights Day Thursday, December 10, 2020 As delivered Today marks a positive, historic, and monumental achievement in the fight against human trafficking within Romania. Romania is also known for its breathtaking landscapes, gothic churches, majestic castles and beautiful medieval towns that make one feel like being in a classic fairy tale. In 2016 there was still 23.6% of the population living below the national poverty line,  with an average net salary of 2108 RON (the equivalent to 667 USD). Traffickers subject Romanian men, women, and children to labor trafficking in agriculture, construction, hotels, manufacturing, and domestic service, as well as forced begging and theft in Romania and other European countries. trafficking in Romania and to put those questions out there on the public agenda for discussion. Romania Restore gov. Estimates from the International Labor organization (ILO) show that profits from human trafficking reach 150 billion US dollars every year and affect over 20.9 million victims. Please help improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page. 211 - Trafficking in Minors, Art. Together Against Trafficking in Human Beings. Sixteen searches were carried out in the UK and four in Romania, yielding cash, luxury cars and cocaine. On a nondescript street in the capital of Romania, my colleague and I duck into a small, unmarked doorway and make our way up four narrow flights of stairs. Asociaţia Reaching Out România (Reaching Aut Association Romania)Piteşti, Phone: + 40 745 856 235 e-mail: reachingoutrom@yahoo.com; office@reachingout.ro ; web: http://www.reachingout.ro/contact/. Law in Romania forbids any kind of sale of persons; however, these laws are far from stopping human trafficking. 617/2004 on the establishment and organization of the National Steering Committee for the Prevention and Combating of the Exploitation of Child Labor, as subsequently amended and supplemented; Government Decision no. 263 - Trafficking in Migrants and Law 678/2001 on Preventing and Combating Trafficking in Human Beings (Article 12 - Trafficking in Human Beings and Article 13 - Trafficking in Minors). 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human trafficking in romania 2021