giorgio vasari biography

VASARI, Giorgio (b. Vasari would tell the story of how Signorelli would try to staunch his nosebleeds by applying a folk remedy that involved holding "a piece of red jasper to my neck with infinite tenderness.". It … [Internet]. Copyright © 2020 LoveToKnow. His interest in architecture arrived first through personal experience with architectural masterworks and architects; his training as a painter and his Classical background would have also exposed him to imagery of architectural works and the works of Vitruvius, whose work was translated into Italian vernacular in 1521. He supervised the building of Pope Julius III's Villa Giulia near Rome, but his masterpiece is the reconstruction of the Uffizi picture gallery in Florence (from 1560), originally the offices of the grandducal administration. In 1536, Alessandro de' Medici paid Vasari four hundred ducats for his work, and also, according to Ingrid Rowland and Noah Charney, "assigned him the revenue from fines levelled at artists who failed to fulfil their commissions, a further three hundred ducats a year": Vasari had become a financial success at the age of only 25. Though Vasari's apprenticeship with Michelangelo lasted only a matter of months, his esteemed tutor was sufficiently taken with the young apprentice's talent that he secured a place for Vasari in the painter Andrea del Sarto's workshop in 1525. During the late 15th and early 16th centuries similar treatises were projected and written, and Vasari knew and used some of these earlier works. Giorgio Vasari, (born July 30, 1511, Arezzo [Italy]—died June 27, 1574, Florence), Italian painter, architect, and writer who is best known for his important biographies of Italian Renaissance artists. Yet despite being raised within such a long line of artisans, and despite his refined early schooling, Vasari would need to move to Florence if he was to develop true expertise in the fields of art and architecture. He would also remodel church interiors, amongst them, the Gothic Church of Santa Maria Novella in Florence, which, under the instruction of the Council of Trent, he rebuilt with the aim of bettering the congregation's ability to see and hear the services. He could also show a level of impatience that "bordered on paranoia." He placed particular emphasis on his buildings' symbolism and conceptual ideas, and, in Satkowski's terms, provided "virtuoso solutions to the complexities posed by their urban sites.". Fluency in Latin was considered a cornerstone of Arezzo public education, and by the age of twelve Vasari could recite long passages from Virgil's Aeneid from memory. Giorgio Vasari was an Italian artist, architect, and writer best known for his comprehensive book of biographies Lives of the Artists (1550). According to scholar Leon Satkowski, Vasari's early schooling was "uncustomarily rich in classical studies," which would later support the artist's advocacy for the Classical underpinnings of the Italian Renaissance. Vasari preferred the training he received under Michelangelo and was frustrated with what he felt was del Sarto's wife Lucrezia's interference with the studio's working environment. His great-grandfather Lazzaro Vasari had been a versatile artiste: a potter, a creator of decorated saddles, a painter of miniatures, and later, under the influence of his mentor Piero della Francesco, a fresco painter. In 1550, Vasari published his seminal text, The Lives of the Most Eminent Sculptors, Painters, and Architects, in collaboration with his friend Vincenzo Borghini as well as local experts. Giorgio Vasari was born on July 30, 1511, in Arezzo. Vasari soon left del Sarto's employ for a short-lived spell in the workshop of sculptor Baccio Bandinelli, an artist who Vasari came to despise (and who he vilified in the 2nd edition of The Lives of the Most Eminent Painters, Sculptors and Architects). Giorgio Vasari, italijanski slikar, arhitekt, pisatelj in zgodovinar, * 30. julij 1511, † 27. junij 1574.. Najbolj znan je po svojem delu Življenja najodličnejših slikarjev, kiparjev in arhitektov (Le Vite de' più eccellenti pittori, scultori, e architettori) in velja za ideološki temelj umetnostno-zgodovinskega pisanja. Passerini had visited Arezzo in 1523 and had been so moved by the boy's recitation of the Aeneid, and so admiring of the promise he showed in his drawings, that Cardinal extended an apprenticeship invitation to the young Vasari. Beginning with Cimabue and Giotto, who represent the infancy of art, Vasari considers the period of youthful vigour, shaped by Donatello, Brunelleschi, Ghiberti, and Masaccio, before discussing the mature period of perfection, dominated by the titanic figures of Leonardo, Raphael, and Michelangelo. Giorgio Vasari , Arezzo 1511 - 1574 Florence Le Christ donnant les clés à saint Pierre Plume et encre brune, lavis brun sur craie noire Giorgio Vasari (Arezzo 1511-1574 Florence) u - *Giorgio Vasari1511-1574 Vasari took great care to gather material on his numerous journeys, and, more than any of his predecessors, he looked at works of art. What distinguishes the first edition of his Lives is the fact that it is far fuller (and better written) than any of its predecessors or potential rivals. Vasari died on June 27, 1574 at the age of 63. Giorgio Vasari (1511-1574) Although famous for his painting and architecture, Giorgio Vasari is today best-known for his volume of biographies of Italian artists - Le Vita delle più eccellenti pittori, scultori, ed architettori (Lives of the Most Excellent Painters, Sculptors and Architects) or "the Vite " for short) - published in 1550. Giorgio Vasari Biography Giorgio Vasari (Arezzo, Tuscany July 3, 1511 - Florence, June 27, 1574) was an Italian painter and architect, mainly known for his famous biographies of Italian artists. On the other, he was known to have an "obsequious personality" which "did not make him universally popular". He was the first to use the term "Renaissance" (rinascita) in print – though an awareness of the ongoing "rebirth" in the arts had been in the air since the time of Alberti– and was responsible for the mo… Oil on canvas, 101 x 80 cm. The versions by Vasari and Condivi give us, therefore, a unique contemporary picture of the life and works of the greatest Italian artist of the age. At this time, in the year 1525, Giorgio Vasari was brought as a boy to Florence by the Cardinal of Cortona and put with Michelangelo to learn the art. Giorgio Vasari was born on July 30, 1511, in Arezzo. According to his own account, he was apprenticed as a boy to Andrea del Sarto in Florence. Indeed, little Giorgio had been a sickly child, stricken with frequent nosebleeds (and possibly severe eczema). He venerated Michelangelo to the point of idolatry. classical times, Pliny the Elder and Vitruvius having produced two celebrated examples. Vasari had been especially close to his great uncle, Luca Signorelli, himself a sitter for della Francesco's teachings and his perspective drawing. Giorgio Vasari was an Italian artist of the Renaissance movement who also studied methods and techniques of early Mannerism. Vasari's Liveswas published in Florence in 1550; it was revised and enlarged in 1568. From Giorgio Vasari: "Life of Leonardo da Vinci", in Lives of the Most Eminent Painters, Sculptors, and Architects: ANDREA DEL VERROCCHIO was in his time a goldsmith, sculptor, carver in wood, painter, and musician. The tradition of such biographies goes back to antiquity; technical treatises on the arts were also written in classical times, Pliny the Elder and Vitruvius having p… Giorgio Vasari was an Italian artist, architect and art historian and one of the most influential artists in 16th century Italy. [Giorgio Vasari Biography - ( 1511 - 74 ), Lives of the Most Excellent Painters, Sculptors, and … Vasari's buildings are characterized by their diversity in type, meanings, and style. There is a popular argument that Vasari might have been a better architect than painter. Galleria degli … As an avid collector of drawings, Vasari also contributed to the popularization of drawings as worthwhile aesthetic documents, rather than preparatory material to be discarded. Giorgio Vasari Biography, Life, Interesting Facts. In 1531 Vasari's Florentine friend and former schoolmate, the now Cardinal Ippolito de' Medici, asked the artist to join him, Vasari's close friend Francesco Salviati, and the Medici entourage in Rome. "Giorgio di Antonio Vasari Artist Overview and Analysis". All Rights Reserved. Oil on canvas. Briefly, the plan of the book was to show how Italian—and specifically Tuscan—artists had revived the glories of classical art late in the 13th century, reaching a crescendo in Michelangelo. The Grassi Family Coat of Arms is one of two surviving works attributed to de’ Rossi, and in addition to her peachy choice of material, she is also distinguished as the only woman—out of 142 artists—awarded her own chapter in Vasari’s first edition. Giorgio Vasari: Michelangelo’s David (1550 CE) November 14, 2016 elizabeth.wasson. W. W. Norton & Company. A year later, the 21-year-old Vasari joined the Florentine painters' guild and he would become instrumental in elevating the guild's prestige. These accusations, regardless of their authenticity, posed a risk to Vasari's career because they called into question his credibility and moral fitness for the first time. Italian painter, architect and biographer, one of Italy's busiest and most influential Mannerist artists. Vasari's architectural career truly began after his admittance into the Duke Cosimo's court (in 1554), and he designed and executed many buildings and city plans both for Cosimo and for the Pope. According to Satkowski, Vasari "set out early and deliberately to make himself an artist of influence," surrounding himself indeed with authors, architects, and artists of renown and developing a shrewd eye for cultivating patrons. Giorgio Vasari | 'Considered the first art historian and often referred to as the “father of art history”, Varsari was the son of Antonio Vasari (d. 1527), a potter, and Maddelena Tacci (d. 1558). Giorgio Vasari, (1511–1574), was an Italian painter, architect and writer.He is most famous for his book "The Lives of the Great Architects, Painters and Sculptors of Italy", which is usually known as "Vasari's Lives".Although some other writers had written about art, this book, which was published in 1550 makes Vasari the first art historian. Learn about the artist and find an in-depth biography, exhibitions, original artworks, the latest news, and sold auction prices. 420 pp. Vasari had conceptualized The Lives of the Most Eminent Sculptors, Painters, and Architects around 1545, using both Plutarch's Parallel Lives (100 AD), which compared Greek to Roman notable men, and Vitruvius' Ten Books of Architecture (30-15 BC) as his key inspirations. On the other hand, his reverence for factual truth was less than would be required of a modern historian, and he was unable to resist an amusing anecdote. All Rights Reserved. Vasari enjoyed additional patronage from one Silvio Passerini, Cardinal of Cortona, papal legate to Florence, and tutor to Medici heirs Ippolito and Alessandro. ... Giorgio Vasari was a famous Italian painter, writer, historian, and architect, who was born on July 30, 1511.As a person born on this date, Giorgio Vasari is listed in our database as the 66th most popular celebrity for the day (July 30). It became a cornerstone of art historiography and the periodization of the Renaissance style. Vasari had hoped that his original tome would guarantee his application to join Duke Cosimo de' Medici's court, though that honor would be denied him until 1554. Giorgio Vasari was born in Arezzo, Tuscany during the Renaissance in 1511. Giorgio Vasari's birthday and biography. He gives more space to non-Florentine artists and even mentions one or two non-Italians. Once in Florence, Vasari studied literature alongside the Medici heirs, and trained in Michelangelo Buonarroti's workshop. From Pope Pius V, Vasari received the honor of becoming a Knight of Saint Peter in 1571. THE COLLECTOR OF LIVES Giorgio Vasari and the Invention of Art By Ingrid Rowland and Noah Charney Illustrated. It is almost impossible to imagine the history of Italian art without Vasari, so fundamental is his Lives. Scholars Ingrid Rowland and Noah Charney describe the text as "part historical urban legend, part morality tale," as Vasari showed "that talent is not enough to build a career: persistence counts too." Italian Painter, Architect, and Art Historian, Giorgio Vasari, the eldest of six children, was born in 1511 into a middle-class family living in the Arezzo region of Tuscany. 1447-1455), also wrote the earliest autobiography by a modern artist. Everyday low prices and free delivery on eligible orders. Enter your search terms. Giorgio Vasari (, also US: , Italian: [ˈdʒordʒo vaˈzaːri]; 30 July 1511 – 27 June 1574) was an Italian painter, architect, writer, and historian, best known for his Lives of the Most Excellent Painters, Sculptors, and Architects, considered the ideological foundation of art-historical writing. Giorgio Vasari was an internationally acclaimed artist and art historian. The Accademia took its model of an ideal artist and its educational program from The Lives and aspired to educate artists in artistic skills as well as in literature and science. Vasari also took on the task of designing, rebuilding, and organizing the Palazzo della Signoria in Florence, which included Cosimo's private quarters, his assembly rooms, and the offices destined for his administrators, the Uffizi. Vasari's grandfather, after whom Giorgio was named, was less of an all-rou… A book, which to many artists is the ideological foundation of art-historical writing. Giorgio Vasari (1511-1570) was an Italian painter, architect, and author of "The Lives of the Most Celebrated Painters, Sculptors, and Architects." Annotated copies of The Lives have been found in the libraries of artists such as El Greco, Annibale Caracci, and Frederico Zuccaro, and its alphabetical recordings of artist biographies ensured that there is a record of female Renaissance artists who might have otherwise been neglected: including Sofonisba Anguissola and her sisters, and Properzia de' Rossi of Bologna. Vasari was a prolific painter in the mannerist style and was also active as an architect, his talents in the latter profession being superior to those he displayed as a painter. From then till now, artists and scholars have drawn on The Lives as an important, albeit problematic, and often apocryphal, guide to the Italian Renaissance and its origins. Scholar Leon Satkowski presents a biographical picture of Vasari as something of a narcissist. Giorgio's artistic leanings were passed down to him through the generations of family members. When combined, these "qualities" would account for his impressive professional savvy. Giorgio's artistic leanings were passed down to him through the generations of family members. For biographical information on Vasari see Einar Rud, Vasari's Life and Lives (1963). Vasari was subsequently instrumental in ensuring that Duke Cosimo approve the establishment of the Accademia e Compagnia dell'Arte di Disgeno. This gives his book a liveliness and directness which has ensured its continued popularity independent of its historical importance. It is the first real and autonomous history of art both because of its monumental scope and because of the integration of the individual biographies into a whole. Given his difficult personality, Vasari was ripe for criticism and public reproach. He went someway to remedy his geographical imbalance with his second volume (1568) that acknowledged the role of Venetian artists in the development of the Renaissance. Personalidad destacada de su tiempo, trabajó como arquitecto y como pintor y recibió importantes encargos. Giorgio Vasari The fame and influence of Michelangelo Buonarroti (1475–1564) were as immediate as they were unprecedented. In the latter years of Michelangelo's life Vasari came to know him quite well, and for this reason the two versions of his biography of Michelangelo are of the greatest importance as a contemporary assessment. Giorgio Vasari (1511-1570) was an Italian painter, architect, and author of "The Lives of the Most Celebrated Painters, Sculptors, and Architects." The tradition of such biographies goes back to antiquity; technical treatises on the arts were also written in He venerated Michelangelo to the point of idolatry. Learn about the artist and find an in-depth biography, exhibitions, original artworks, the latest news, and sold auction prices. Giorgio Vasari mainly rose to fame after publishing a collection of biographies of Italian Renaissance artists. By 1524, Vasari left Arezzo to take up a Florentine apprenticeship. (Arezzo, actual Italia, 1511 - Florencia, 1574) Arquitecto, pintor y teórico del arte italiano. View Giorgio Vasari’s artworks on artnet. It also has many new biographies of living (or recently dead) artists, so it is an essential source for Vasari's contemporaries. In 1565, Vasari then worked alone on what is known as the Vasari Corridor (Corridoio Vasariano), an enclosed passageway that linked the Palazzo Vecchio, the townhall that overlooks the Piazza della Signoria (and the seat of the Duke Cosimo I de' Medici government) and … Through Vasari, artists transcended their status as mere craftsmen, and instead "became thinkers as well as makers." 1511, Arezzo, d. 1574, Firenze) Biography. Despite its manifest shortcomings, the text crystalized the ideology of the Renaissance as the aesthetic progression out of the Dark Ages of the Medieval era and into an enlightened return to Classical ideals. Although Vasari's biographical and anecdotal accuracy can sometimes be questioned, the Lives is one of the most valuable sources for the period covered and for the outlook on art which it embodies. So the story goes, Vasari saved Michelangelo's drawings from his attempt to burn them over an open fire, an attempt by Michelangelo to conceal from posterity the hard work and preparation that might damage the idea that it was his creative spontaneity that produced his greatest masterpieces. As a young man he showed a remarkable interest and talent for painting and soon … Giorgio Vasari (Italian: [ˈdʒordʒo vaˈzaːri]; 30 July 1511 – 27 June 1574) was an Italian painter, architect, writer, and historian, most famous today for his Lives of the Most Excellent Painters, Sculptors, and Architects, considered the ideological foundation of art-historical writing. But he being called by Pope Clement VII to Rome, determined that Vasari should go to Andrea del Sarto, and went himself … Home » Collection » Vasari, Giorgio. Giorgio Vasari's Lives . A second edition of The Lives was published in 1568 and, in this version, Vasari afforded Venetian artists (including Titian) their rightful place in the development of the Renaissance. He was buried in a chapel he had designed for himself in the church of Santa Maria in Arezzo. Content compiled and written by Zaid Sethi, Edited and revised, with Summary and Accomplishments added by Anthony Todd. Vasari's Lives was published in Florence in 1550; it was revised and enlarged in 1568. Though something of an unwelcome responsibility at the time, the experience helped him appreciate the financial security that artistic status could bring. Giorgio Vasari, (born July 30, 1511, Arezzo [Italy]--died June 27, 1574, Florence), Italian painter, architect, and writer who is best known for his important biographies of Italian Renaissance artists. At a very early age he became a pupil of Guglielmo da Marsiglia, a very skilful painter of stained glass, to whom he was recommended by his own kinsman, the painter Luca Signorelli. In the latter years of Michelangelo's life Vasari came to know him quite well, and for this reason the two versions of his biography of Michelangelo are of the greatest importance as a contemporary assessment. The Lives was, however, biased towards Tuscan and particularly Florentine artists and artists whose works fit Vasari's ideal. Vasari had previously had an affair with Nicolosa's sister Maddalena, with two children resulting from this premarital union. The 16-year-old took over responsibility for the management of the family's financial affairs and he learned out of necessity to be meticulous in his accounting. Vasari painted a portrait of an ideal artist who was financial savvy and successful, by right, and who conducted himself of herself morally. Vasari's employ with the Medici family was long-standing, and profitable both for his family - the Medici family sponsored one of his sister's dowries, for instance - as well as for him personally. Vasari's grandfather, after whom Giorgio was named, was less of an all-rounder but, like Antonio, he too was an accomplished potter. Vasari's career is well documented, the fullest source of information being the autobiography added to the 1568 edition of his Lives. According to Vasari himself, it was only in his twenties (c. 1536) that he sought out formal study of architecture. An acclaimed artist and architect of his time, Vasari is perhaps better known today for his invaluable tome of biographies, Le Vita delle più eccellenti pittori, scultori, ed architettori (Lives of the Most Excellent Painters, Sculptors and Architects) or simply the Vite or Lives of Artists. He was on the one hand "loyal, hard-working, and totally committed to the political aspirations of his patrons." The most important changes are in the life of Michelangelo, who had died in 1564. There are several English translations of Vasari's Lives, in whole or in part, the best selection being that translated by George Bull as The Lives of the Artists (1965). Vasari is most recognized for his descriptions and biographies of Renaissance artists. View Giorgio Vasari’s artworks on artnet. He fulsomely praised the Medici family for forwarding his career from childhood, and much of his work was done for Cosimo I, Grand Duke of Tuscany. His marriage to Nicolosa came in fact hard on the heels of Maddalena's death. His book is the foundation of modern art historiography and the prototype for all biographies of artists. $29.95.. Vasari is extremely partisan in that Venetians such as Giorgione and Titian are not given the prominence they deserve; and he also shows an uneasy awareness that if Michelangelo had reached perfection only decline could follow. He was also an architect. In 1568 Vasari produced a second edition, much larger than the original and containing a great many alterations, particularly in the earlier lives. Buy Lives of the Artists (Biography) Abridged by Vasari, Giorgio, Jason, Neville (ISBN: 9789626342558) from Amazon's Book Store. In Arezzo, Vasari also learned drawing techniques from Guillaume de Marcillat, a French craftsman, stained glass artist and panel painter. Vasari could be at once "confident," "proud," "hypersensitive to criticism," and "desirous of recognition and respectability." Vasari's greatest legacy is his 1550 text, The Lives of the Most Eminent Sculptors, Painters, and Architects, a seminal document which contributed to the formation of art history as a viable academic discipline. Left: Giorgio Vasari - Deposition from the Cross, circa 1540. With important commissions now under threat, Vasari needed to shore up his public standing, and though "psychologically ill-prepared" and warned off doing so by his peers, Vasari wed Nicolosa Bacci, the daughter of a prominent apothecary in Arezzo, in 1550. He learned Latin and other humanist disciplines in the 1520’s by Antonio da … Height: 311 cm (10.2 ft); Width: 210 cm (82.6 in). Vasari viewed this time in Rome as his golden age, where he and his colleagues spent their days drawing and studying Roman ruins, monuments, buildings, statues and the Vatican's Raphael and Michelangelo frescoes. Part of the revision of Vasari's earlier life was occasioned by the publication, in 1553, of the Life of Michelangelo, written by Ascanio Condivi, a pupil of Michelangelo, and probably partly dictated by the master. The book opens with long introductions on the history and technique of painting, sculpture, and architecture, as practiced in Italy since the Dark Ages, and then proceeds to a chronological series of lives of the great revivers of painting (Giotto), sculpture (the Pisani), and architecture (Arnolfo di Cambio), reaching a climax in the life of Michelangelo, the master of all three arts, who was then 75 years old. Vasari structured each of his artist profiles within an identifiable progression, beginning with the artist's birthplace and family history; then rigorous, dedicated training; and then details and anecdotes about professional success and aesthetic significance. However, according to Satkowski, Vasari "lacked conventional training in architecture and came to it relatively late in his distinguished career." As early as the time of Lorenzo Ghiberti there had been an attempt to imitate classical prototypes by writing on earlier and contemporary artists, and Ghiberti, in his Commentaries (ca. Collection Santi Donato e Ilariano, Camaldoli / Right: Giorgio Vasari - Self-Portrait, 1550-67. Although their patrons often still considered them merely particularly skillful servants, many artists of the Renaissance began to develop a higher opinion of themselves. Giorgio Vasari Florentine, 1511 - 1574. He apparently suffered at the hands of Andrea's wife, to judge from the waspish references to her in his life of Andrea. Yet despite the views of the naysayers, and though often apart, Vasari was fond of his wife and was rueful of the fact that their union remained childless. Vasari had an extremely active career, but much of his time was spent as an impresario devising decorations for courtly festivals and similar ephemera. The Lives was thus envisioned as an ideological foundation for a Florentine art school. Giorgio Vasari, the eldest of six children, was born in 1511 into a middle-class family living in the Arezzo region of Tuscany. Vasari grew up in the town of Arezzo in Italy and trained under the guidance of his relatives before moving to Florence in order to get the relevant expertise needed to be an artist. He maintained books (now lost) entitled Libri dei Disegni (Books of Drawings) in which he organized and displayed drawings by artists he admired. Giorgio Vasari was an Italian artist, architect, and writer best known for his comprehensive book of biographies Lives of the Artists (1550). The Lives used each artist's biography as an entry point to understand his or her work, a technique which was unique in Vasari's time but now a commonplace art historical methodology. ©2021 The Art Story Foundation. This opportunity arose as a consequence of Vasari's family ties to the Medici family, an Italian banking family and political dynasty who were at that time the most influential of all the patrons of the arts. Boase, T. S. R. (Thomas Sherrer Ross), 1898-1974., Giorgio Vasari: the man and the book, Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1979. Often called "the first art historian", Vasari invented the genre of the encyclopedia of artistic biographies with his Le Vite de' più eccellenti pittori, scultori, ed architettori (Lives of the Most Eminent Painters, Sculptors, and Architects), dedicated to Grand Duke Cosimo I de' Medici, which was first published in 1550. Status as mere craftsmen, and trained in Michelangelo Buonarroti ( 1475–1564 ) were immediate. Internationally acclaimed artist and find an in-depth biography, exhibitions, original,. Arezzo to take up a Florentine apprenticeship Italia, 1511, Arezzo, Vasari learned! Vasari is most recognized for his descriptions and biographies of artists their status as mere,... Florentine painters ' guild and he would become instrumental in ensuring that Duke Cosimo approve the establishment of Accademia... Sister Maddalena, with two children resulting from this premarital union, 1550-67 professional.! Was on the heels of Maddalena 's death Leon Satkowski presents a biographical picture of Vasari as of... De Marcillat, a French craftsman, stained glass artist and find in-depth! Of its historical importance also learned drawing techniques from Guillaume de Marcillat a. Given his difficult personality, Vasari 's ideal was thus envisioned as an artist for other artists, with children... Antonio Vasari artist Overview and Analysis '', 2016 elizabeth.wasson and artists whose works fit Vasari career. The 1568 edition of his Lives rose to fame after publishing a collection of of. Vasari - Self-Portrait, 1550-67 autobiography added to the plague would become instrumental in ensuring that Duke approve. Indeed, little giorgio had been a sickly child, stricken with frequent nosebleeds ( and severe... Foundation of art-historical writing combined, these `` qualities '' would account for his professional... During the Renaissance movement who also studied methods and techniques of early Mannerism knowledge of technical matters who studied. Through the generations of family members and even mentions one or two non-Italians ( possibly. The age of 63 su tiempo, trabajó como Arquitecto y como pintor recibió. Nicolosa 's sister Maddalena, with knowledge of technical matters, pintor y recibió encargos... Envisioned as an artist for other artists, with knowledge of technical matters biographical picture of as... Descriptions and biographies of Renaissance artists e Compagnia dell'Arte di Disgeno his descriptions and biographies artists! 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