Download the printable reference list below for examples of common conjunctive adverbs. Our kids really need a new traffic signal on the corner; again, it keeps the children safe. They (also called linking adverbs or connecting adverbs) are a specific type of conjunction. Chris enjoys making snow angels; also, he loves throwing snowballs. Example: The papers were flying all over the room. Here's a list of sentences with the adverb phrase in bold: How to use a conjunctive adverb? These adverbs make the sentence shorter. Work on these conjunctive adverb worksheets to see how well you understand the concept. There are a lot of Conjunctive Adverbs in the English language. - We are also going to punctuate simple compound sentences (two independent clauses) containing conjunctive adverbs. Gayle is a gifted artist; for instance, she sculpted the statue at Town Hall. The vital role of conjunctive adverbs is to connect. For example: Lisa and Alan were on time. The polls favor one candidate over another; granted, polls have been wrong before. Would you like to learn more? These adverbs connect two ideas that are similar, with the second idea being a bit more emphatic. Many species will be impacted by construction. We should talk about Taylor’s grades. Reid, Stephen. Additionally; Again; Almost; Anyway; As a result; In addition; Besides; Certainly A conjunctive adverb will also introduce, interrupt, or conclude a single main clause. Your mother and I were married fifteen years ago; thus, our family began. One way to distinguish them is to observe that conjunctive adverbs can be moved around in the sentence, whereas conjunctions have to stay in the same place: By contrast, in the following sentence the conjunction and can go in onl… For example, blue jays live in these trees. You need to work harder; ________________, you'll get fired. Typically, adverbs modify other words (verbs, adjectives and other adverbs). This is a wonderful investment; indeed, you’ll make your money back and then some. Click here to learn how to use colons correctlyin a sentence. If your sentences with conjunctive adverbs sound awkward, consider splitting them into two sentences. This book isn’t enjoyable to read; that is, it starts too slowly. The new policy is much better; beforehand, everyone had to enter their own forms. Here are some examples of conjunctive adverbs in sentences: The instructor's English is poor; consequently, they all failed the exam. Conjunctive adverbs look like coordinating conjunctions (and, but, or, so, for, yet, nor); however, they are not as strong as coordinating conjunctions and they are punctuated differently. A conjunctive adverb is an adverb that functions like a conjunction. e.g. Let’s start with the rules. Conjunctive adverbs act like conjunctions; still, they are adverbs. Using these in every-day conversations would be a little too formal. Use the following conjunctive adverbs to summarize what you’ve just said: Here are some examples of these conjunctive adverbs that sum up a statement: Finally, conjunctive adverbs can also signify time. Here is a comprehensive list of conjunctive adverbs. Putting events in sequential order can make them easier to understand. Examples of Conjunctive Adverbs in Sentences You must do your homework; otherwise , you might get a bad grade. But is used to join two ideas that are opposites. When used as an interrupting word or phrase, the conjunctive adverb is usually set off by commas on either side. He was busy; therefore he could not come. Conjunctive Adverbs (Examples & Exercises) Think of conjunctive adverbs as adverbs. For example, if a sentence reads, "She really should act accordingly," that is a regular adverbial usage. We had very different opinions; therefore, we went our separate ways. A conjunctive adverb may appear, on the other hand, almost anywhere in the clause. In contrast, a conjunctive adverb pertains to the entire sentence and connects two parts. In English grammar, a conjunctive adverb is an adverb or adverbial phrase that indicates a relation in meaning between two sequential independent clauses (or main clauses). Now that you’ve seen examples of conjunctive adverbs and their functions, you’re ready to try them out on your own. Conjunctive adverbs, however, are used to modify two independent clauses and join them together, behaving more like coordinating conjunctions. Examples of these conjunctive adverbs include: See how you can use these conjunctive adverbs in these sentences: Once you’ve finished making a point or an argument, it’s effective to sum things up. I3: Semicolons with Conjunctive Adverbs and Transitional Expressions I3: Semicolons with Conjunctive Adverbs and Transitional Expressions: Use a semicolon to connect two independent clauses joined by a conjunctive adverb or transitional expression. Here is a list of examples of conjunctive adverbs. For example, a conventional adverb modifies a verb or adjective, such as in "The child just couldn't bear to walk slowly," where slowly gives more information about the verb walk. I can think of many ways for you to help; namely, you can clean up this mess. A conjunctive adverb is a word that connects two clauses to make them one sentence. The first clause poses one idea, and the second idea comes after the conjunctive adverb. Conjunctive Adverb … They are usually used at the beginning of a sentence to show how the main idea of the sentence relates to another idea. Most of all, they help your reader transition from one phrase to … There are two sentences involved and none uses the comma or semi colon. Additionally, we should discuss her behavior. We should talk about Taylor’s grades; additionally, we should discuss her behavior. I won't be attending the show; therefore , I have an extra ticket for anyone that can use it. Further, he stole my money from my purse. ): You can use these conjunctive adverbs in the following sentences: You can use conjunctive adverbs to compare two similar ideas. When in a sentence, the break or link is weak, the comma after the conjunctive adverb is omitted. In this situation, you will often need commas to separate the conjunctive adverb from the rest of the sentence. Copyright © 2020 LoveToKnow. We had planned on going out to dinner; instead, we cooked dinner at home. I always knew he was a bad man. Use a comma when the conjunctive adverb introduces, interrupts or concludes a single independent clause. There are many conjunctive adverbs – in fact, there are many more of these than there are common conjunctions. Always use a semicolon (;) or period (.) We need to research forms of renewable energy; then, we can move on from fossil fuels. Enrique didn’t like to study; nevertheless, he worked hard to pass History. Your cat got into my yard; in addition, he dug up my petunias. I wanted to see a scary movie. Tuition increases, say officials, are driven by the universities’ costs; consequently, tuition income typically covers less than 50% of … Let’s have a chat; first, I’ll pour you a cup of coffee. When you use a conjunctive adverb, put a comma (,) after it. Notice that there are still commas after each conjunctive adverb, even when it starts in a sentence. Kyle was grateful for the award; lately, he'd been feeling unappreciated. For example (which is a conjunctive adverb! Therefore they are known as conjunctive adverbs. A conjunctive adverb differs from common conjunctions in that it strengthens your sentence. Joining Compound Sentences with Conjunctive Adverbs. We packed up the car and drove home; all in all, it was a great trip. Conjunctive adverbs join two independent clauses. First, I’ll pour you a cup of coffee. Brian didn’t study for the test; hence, he failed. Example sentences with the word conjunctive. A conjunctive adverb is also used in a single main clause. Conjunctive adverbs are called conjunctions that combine sentences that provide very long and detailed information to form a meaningful whole. Sir Harold climbs the tower to rescue the princess; meanwhile, the dragon lurks nearby. The Prentice Hall Guide for College Writers. Conjunctive adverbs, however, are used to modify two independent clauses and join them together, behaving more like coordinating conjunctions. Please note that some words in this list can be other word forms as well; usage will determine which it is. We can also join independent clause with words and phrases like moreover, however, at least (conjunctive adverbs). Examples of conjunctive adverbs that show time include: You can use these conjunctive adverbs in sentences like these: A conjunctive adverb can also be the first word in a sentence, as long as it connects the rest of the sentence with the sentence before it. Many species will be impacted by construction; for example, blue jays live in these trees. These can either be two separate sentences, or they can be joined into a single complex sentence with a semicolon. How to punctuate conjunctive adverbs When a conjunctive adverb connects two independent clauses in one sentence, it is preceded by a semicolon and followed by a comma. The dogs used to play together on the sidewalk; now, they can play at the dog park. Keep reading to learn more about conjunctive adverbs and to see several conjunctive adverbs examples. Let’s have a chat. Dr. Richard Nordquist is professor emeritus of rhetoric and English at Georgia Southern University and the author of several university-level grammar and composition textbooks. •I am very hungry, but the fridge is empty. Here are some conjunctive adverb examples for all three: Turning on the fan was a mistake indeed. Conjunctive adverbs connect two independent clauses or sentences. Take a look at the examples below to see how you can use conjunctive adverbs in a sentence. A conjunctive adverbial usage of the word could be something like, "The law changed in the state to allow liquor sales on Sundays; accordingly, retailers had to decide if they would be open that day or remain closed by choice.". When a conjunctive adverb connects two independent clauses in one sentence, it is preceded by a semicolon and followed by a comma. Examples of such conjunctive adverbs include instead, however, nevertheless, and conversely. Dogs are great protectors and companions; in summary, we should get a dog. These conjunctive adverbs include: Here are some examples of each of these conjunctive adverbs in sentences: A strong point often requires examples or evidence to back it up. Simple Definition with Examples The Adverbs of conjunction are used to connect clauses, phrases and words. I wanted to see a scary movie; however, my friend wanted to see a comedy. Following is a list of conjunctive adverbs in English to help you master Grammar. A conjunctive adverb is commonly placed at the beginning of the main clause (where it's usually followed by a comma); accordingly, it may follow a semicolon, but only when both clauses (the one before and the one after the conjunctive adverb) are independent and can stand alone. The weather was not very good on our last holiday in … The biggest difference is that conjunctive adverbs can frequently (but not always) be used in a variety of positions within the subordinate clause, whereas subordinating conjunctions MUST stand at the start of … They use the second clause to modify the first clause like an adverb. The weather forecast predicts rain; accordingly, I will bring my umbrella. The grapes are wilting in the sun; similarly, the tomatoes are overheated. Here are some possible conjunctive adverbs to show addition: Check out examples of these conjunctive adverbs: Conjunctive adverbs can show the cause and effect of an action. Our family welcomed a new baby; since her birth, we’ve been so happy. The ant is the most industrious animal; however, it is the most taciturn one. Comparative conjunctive adverbs include: You can use these conjunctive adverbs like this: When you’re making a point, conjunctive adverbs can help you concede a counterargument. Note : Most conjunctions, historically considered, are merely adverbs (or adverbial phrases) which have come to be used in so peculiar a way as to form a special class among the parts of speech. In another distinction between the two types of adverbs, as shown in the list below, a conjunctive adverb may also consist of more than one word, such as in the meantime or at last. Conjunctions – Therefore, But, Despite, Unlike; THEREFORE BUT Therefore is a conjunctive adverbs. I trust my son to come home by curfew; of course, he’s been late twice this week. All Rights Reserved. Everyone knew she was the best archer. I loved that writer’s latest novel; moreover, her book of poetry is beautifully written. You should leave the food in the fridge; otherwise, it will be stale tomorrow. A conjunctive adverb, which can also be called an adverbial conjunction, brings together two complete thoughts like a conjunction. How to use conjunctive in a sentence. •I’m sleepy. The cat ate a bowlful of tuna; then, to the squirrels' delight, the fat feline fell asleep in the rocking chair. Conjunctive Adverbs List! Examples of conjunctive adverbs that show contrast include: Here are examples of these conjunctive adverbs in different sentences: Conjunctive adverbs can effectively emphasize a point. Learn English > English lessons and exercises > English test #82950: Conjunctive Adverbs > Other English exercises on the same topics: Adverbs | Linking words [ Change theme ] > Similar tests: - Adjectives and adverbs - Adverbs of frequency - Adverbs - Adverbs : Till-Until- As far as-Up to - Adverbs in sentences (lesson + exercise) - Adverbs of frequency - Adverbs of degree - Connectors The instructor's English is … Check out these conjunctive adverbs that create emphasis: Try using each conjunctive adverb in a sentence to reinforce your point. The Conjunctive Adverb We will now investigate the conjunctive adverb… Conjunctive adverbs join two clauses or words separated by a semicolon (;) but not by a comma (,). The thunder and lightning were intense; consequently, the crowd dispersed. Conjunctive Adverbs used to show or illustrate a specific point: Take note as well that these conjunctive adverbs may be moved around in the sentence or clause. A conjunctive adverb connects two independent clauses or sentences. Therefore, she got an A+. Along with that, they can be used as conjunctions as well. Unlike a conventional adverb, which typically affects the meaning of only a single word or phrase, the meaning of a conjunctive adverb affects the entire clause of which it is a part. Many children have been injured this year; in conclusion, the playground is unsafe. Stay away from the water; certainly, you don’t want to fall in. In these cases, the first clause is the cause, and the conjunctive adverb transitions to the effect. You can also review different types of conjunctions to vary your sentence structure and writing style. In other words, it can stand on its own and makes sense as a complete simple sentence. However, my friend wanted to see a comedy. Use these words before acknowledging the other side: Here are some examples of sentences with these conjunctive adverbs of concession: Demonstrating contrast is another helpful function of conjunctive adverbs.