charles town history

However, Charlestown’s early history is also significant. The house has a slate roof with well fitted, bevel siding and millwork, stone chimneys and a concrete foundation. Red Lyon Tavern (CE-128; circa 1750): The tavern is one of Charlestown’s most important historic sites and structures. Of them, 4,341 men, women and children were enslaved, and further 341 were documented as mulatto. During Revolutionary War times, the Indian Queen was owned by the Hasson family, a prominent Charles Town family. Scott Jackson House (CE-1305): This house is located on the corner of Bladen and Caroline Streets. Open to the public, the library provides a full range of library services that includes book borrowing privileges, a reading room, reference services, internet access, a local history room, audio-visual materials, specialized programs for children and adults. ), (Portrait of William Washington Black, circa 1816, attributed to Jacob Frymire, courtesy Winterthur Museum, gift of the Estate of Mrs. John W. Perkins) Note; William Washington Black was the eldest son of Major John Nelson Black and Nancy Meek Hasson Black. Northerman House (CE-380): Located at 225 Market Street, it is a two story, three bay, by two bay, frame dwelling with a gable roofed main section built by Jacob Northerman for a Philadelphia cooper. It was built by the Orphan Starfish Foundation and has added to the rich history of the location. Much of the Town’s populace fled to Foy’s Hill, leaving the Town virtually abandoned. (Above, back porch and log kitchen at the Indian Queen as it appeared in 1970. The oldest child of Perry K. and Isabelle Black Barnes was Harry Housekeeper Barnes, named after Dr. Housekeeper, the respected pharmacist from North East, Maryland. Charles had two brothers and three sisters, and the family lived on a 20-acre farm. Unauthorized duplication of the images or text is strictly prohibited without express written permission of the author. The Barnes icehouse, shown in these turn-of-the-century photographs, was made of 18-inch eastern white pine planks, and the inner walls contained18 inches of tick cork used for insulation. Washington recorded at least two occasions in which he dined and stayed in Charlestown. They prospered so well that the brothers had this home built for their mother. It is entirely constructed of eastern white pine planks and shiplap siding. ), (Lot 40 "The McKown House" Photograph circa 1920, courtesy of Nancy Black Beck, Springfield, Virgina.). By then, Charles Town was the epicenter of Jefferson County. It was constructed in 1901 by Scott Jackson, a skilled local craftsman who executed all the wood trim in chestnut. On April 3, 1808, John Hasson died and his widow married Major John Nelson Black on December 14, 1809. Thomas and Jane Walford were the original English settlers of the peninsula between the Charles and the Mystic. The building is two stories high and three bays wide with a steeply pitched roof. The portrait was painted in the Indian Queen Hotel.). This home, built in about 1787 by Town Commissioner William Linton, is where George Washington stopped on his journeys through town, when the property was used as a tavern. The store carried all the necessities of the day, including hunting and fishing supplies, and everything from eggs to oar leathers. Laid out in 1786 by George Washington ’s youngest brother, Charles, it early became the residence of some of Virginia’s most aristocratic families. ), (The Barnes Store, circa 1919 from the Historical and Industrial Edition of the Cecil Whig, July 26, 1919.). This church is distinguished by its geometric patterned stained glass windows. This home was originally built in about 1760, and is situated on Lot 1 of the original town plat. ), (Perry K. Barnes House, Charlestown, Maryland), (Barnes Ice House, Charlestown, Maryland). In the late 1800s the home became the residence of Richard K. Barnes (1865-1934) and his wife, Ann Cooling (1867-1920). Charlestown also maintains several historic cemeteries and “commons.” Many key colonial structures, listed in “Latrobe’s View of Charlestown” from 1813, have been demolished and lost over the last few centuries including the Market House, the Alison-Key House, Morrow House, Tully House, and the Bladen House. A frame “Charlestown Customs House” stood in the center of site. Many distinguished personages such as Benjamin Franklin, George Washington and the great American artist Charles Willson Peale frequented the Town. Paca served in many public offices and was a delegate to the lower house of the Maryland General Assembly. Cecil Hotel (CE-108; circa 1810): Located at Caroline and Bladen Streets, the “Cecil Hotel” is a two-story, frame, Federal structure that was once a tavern. In 1790, Maryland's General Assembly was considering the removal of the post office and the straightening of the Old Post Road, thus bypassing Charles Town. Like the people it has served for generations, its history has highs and lows, positive and negative events. Ms. Sherwood died in 1927 and is buried at St. John's Methodist Church in Charlestown.). The Wellwood Club is a frame structure with formal rooms in the columned front section and rows of dormitory style bedrooms in the rear wing. The original clapboarding is covered by aluminum siding. Founded in the late 18th century, historic Charles Town, West Virginia, offers something for every traveler. It is located on Water Street and was built by George Shelton. Deed research notes that a dwelling was built on Lot 107 of the Town’s original 1742 plat. He was a hunter and duck decoy maker, who printed his own money to be used at his store in town. The town is known for its Maroon history and culture, its Safu Yard, the Charles Town Drummers and Dancers, the Maroon Museum, as well as its tour of the area educating visitors on the history … Following the war, Ramsay had a distinguished public service career including a term as Maryland Congressional representative (1786-1788), United States Marshal for Maryland and as an Officer of the Port of Baltimore. The west wing gambrel roof stone wing was added in the late 1700’s and connects the original building to the addition. At least two other taverns in town were also operated by women during the War. Post House/Holloway House (CE-384; 18th Century): According to Maryland Historical Trust records, the “Post House” is a frame and log construction building, possibly from the 18th century. There was a one room addition constructed in 1830. The house is shown in the 1877 Cecil County atlas inset for the Town of Charlestown. Charles Town's wharf can be seen, and the large white building is, most likely, the three-story stone warehouse at the wharf. The town commissioners' minutes show that it was William Linton who was chosen to travel to Annapolis to petition the legislature during the session in 1792 against the proposed legislation. It was used for tax collection but was removed in the early 1800’s. (Harry H. Barnes, at home circa 1917, and right, with Snake Heverin, circa 1945, courtesy of J. Cranford Henry, Charlestown, Maryland.). The last survivor of the Black family was Edna Black Caulk, the Major's granddaughter." At the time, Owens owned the Linton House, the Indian Queen, and the Red Lyon, each property devoted to innkeeping. Over the course of time, harmed by the long-term effects of the Revolutionary War, by the realignment of the Old Post Road and better roads which lessened traders’ dependence on water transportation along with the establishment of Elkton as the new Cecil County Seat in the 1780’s, Charlestown slipped into gentle obscurity. First married to John Hasson of Charlestown, who died in 1808, the couple had two children, John and James Hasson. (Photograph left, Perry K. Barnes, circa 1917, holding two geese in front of his home in Charlestown, courtesy of J. Cranford Henry, Charlestown, Maryland. [and] . It had been located on Bladen Street and had a gambrel roof, being six bays long and two bays deep. Old Charles Town Library, Inc. operates the Charles Town Library and the Jefferson County Museum. In 1850, the United States Federal Census tells us 15,357 people populated Jefferson County. It was a hotel from its earliest days well into the late 1800s, later being called the "Valentine B. Algard Hotel." An inspector was appointed to ensure that only flour of superior quality was sold and shipped from Charlestown. The water tower is now located, in its restored condition, behind the house on Lot 107. (John Nelson Black, Jr. Family, 1875, courtesy of Nancy Black Beck, Springfield, Virginia. The building has a pitched gable roof, 2/2 windows, and narrow chimneys. By the early 1800's he was a "freeman of color." Left to right are Walter Heath, Bruce Buhrman and Ronnie Daniels. Both the Perry K. Barnes house and the icehouse remain today in essentially the same condition as when they were constructed. Interior woodwork is of the mid-18th Century period complete with some original hardware. In his will, Charles indicated that Berkeley County should be divided and Charlestown named the county seat of a new county. This property is shown in the 1813 sketch of Charles Town by Benjamin Latrobe. (Photo above, Black's Store and Indian Queen to the right, circa 1880, courtesy Mr. & Mrs. J. Cranford Henry.). He was married to Margaret Jane Peale, sister of Charles Willson Peale. Chapter 3: Historic Charles Town Properties Lot 1, "The Still House," also known as "The Locust" This home was originally built in about 1760, and is situated on Lot 1 of the original town plat. The house was once thought to have been an 18th-century tavern run by “Tories” and confiscated during the Revolution but this legend has since been proven to be untrue. It is located at Water Street near the Charlestown’s Veteran’s Park. Stephen Porter was a lawyer who, interestingly, was charged with the murder of Thomas Dunn in December 1784. Photographs courtesy of Robert Gibson, Chesapeake City, Maryland. ), (Nancy Meek Hasson Black (1778-1860), circa 1816, by unknown artist, probably Joshua Johnson, courtesy of Edgar McMullen, Charlestown, Maryland. Mr. Barnes also built the icehouse in about 1880. The wharf serves as a practical reminder of the part that Charlestown and the North East River played in the commercial history of Maryland. The Village Blacksmith Shop, formerly located on the northeast corner of the Market Square. It is a three story house with a slate, mansard roof in the Empire style. He is the earliest African American painter in the United States, active from about 1796-1824. They were given a grant by Sir Robert Gorges, with whom they had settled at Wessagusset (Weymouth) in September 1623 and arrived at what they called Mishawaum in 1624. The brick house is listed as a four bay, two wing, Victorian structure two stories high. This photograph was taken in about 1865 (courtesy of Robert Gibson, Chesapeake City, Maryland). They are working at the Barnes decoy house in 1950, the same year that Mr. Barnes acquired this Sneak Boat License for the Susquehanna Flats.. Photographs courtesy of J. Cranford Henry, Charlestown, Maryland. Nancy Meek Hasson Black was born in Port Deposit, Maryland, on April 22, 1778. Lackey-Murphy House (CE-1301): Located on Baltimore Street, this structure was originally constructed in 1750. The stone wing on the west end of the building was added later. Shelton House (CE-1303): This house was constructed in 1872. When Rev. The building is a two-story, frame structure with an interior floor plan consisting of four rooms. Without doubt the grandest house in Charlestown, this home was built in about 1900. The Washington Family’s investment in the region began in the mid-1700s. William Sayle was their leader and first governor from 1670 to 1671. "This is the fastest boat of them all, and when its blows my breeze, I'm ready for all comers." The building was constructed in the mid 1700s and was restored in 1966 through the Maryland Historical Trust. Double parlors have two massive corner fireplaces, which are back-to-back. They had three children: Belluah Mae Gibson, who never married and had no children; Ella Verna Gibson, who married Otha Gibson (no relation); and Price Gibson, who had no children. It was a brick house constructed during the colonial period of Charlestown. He owned and operated a general store in Charlestown from 1913 until his death in 1934. Mrs. Beck is the daughter of Bayard Gayley Black..). (John Paca, circa 1765 by John Hesselius, MSA SC 4680-10-0084.). Ice House (CE-1304): The “Icehouse” is a small stone structure located on Conestoga Street, near the colonial wharf. The photograph above was taken in 1936 for the Historic American Buildings Survey. Charles Towne on the Cape Fear River was the first overseas effort to colonize the Carolinas after the 1663 Carolina grant from Charles II to the eight Lords Proprietors.As early as 1662, William Hilton had explored the Cape Fear River (briefly called the Charles River) for the Adventurers about Cape Fayre, a group of Puritans from the Massachusetts Bay Colony. Cecil County Decoys / /  Copyright 2021Gerard "Rod" Wittstadt, Jr, Esquire, Chapter 1: 1742: The Founding of Charles Town, Chapter 2: Charles Town and the American Revolution, Chapter 3: Historic Charles Town Properties, Chapter 4: Miscellaneous Properties and Unique Places, Chapter 16: The Issue of Col. Nathan Ramsey. The entire 3rd Battalion were either killed or captured during the battle and Ramsay spent the rest of the war as a British prisoner. The settlement emerged around 1754. (Photograph above, 1936 Historical American Buildings Survey). British troops searched Charlestown and then sailed to Havre de Grace, where a larger battle occurred. (Pictured above is the Still House, circa 1910, also known as the residence of John Hutton. It was originally constructed as a water tower for the McKeown House and was later moved to the Charlestown Museum. Cecil House Inn/Gamble House (CE-397): Located at Caroline and Bladen Streets, the “Cecil House Inn” is believed to be the site of an older structure once located along the Old Post Road. It is located at 315 Market Street. According to his journal, which was written in 1836 and 1837, young Thomas was quite the eligible bachelor. Report Station. 1 Plans & Sections, 1991- Plans-Erosion & Sediment Control Details, 1991- Plans-Erosion & Sediment Control Plan, 1998- Fire Boat Pier and Entrance Channel Dredging, 1936- Sale of Blacksmith Shop to Charlestown, 1994- Critical Area-Worksheet 10 Rule Compliance, 2001- Map Charlestown Panchromatic Digital Orthophotos, 1742- Map of the Corporation of Charlestown, 1836- Map of the Corporation of Charlestown, 1920- Holloway Beach-Charlestown Beach Estates April 1919, 1922- Holloway Beach – Edna M. Black Subdivision, 1924- Holloway Beach – Charlestown Beach Estates, 1953- Holloway Beach Improvement Association Map, 1966- Plat of Proposed Site for Sewage Treatment Plant, 1979- Map Boundary and Annexation Survey of the Northeasternmost Boundry Line, 2008- Charlestown Manor In-Town & Out-of-Town Maps, 2011- Boundary and Annexation Survey Census Map. Pictured are John B. Graham and family friend, Nellie Clark Black. It is reported that he lived in Charles Town while visiting with Charles Willson Peale. The townspeople are content with it just the way it is, a quiet, river community. In the late 19th Century, the McKeown brothers left Charlestown, making their fortunes in the western part of the United States from gambling in Nevada. (Richard K. Barnes at Carpenter's Point, circa 1905, courtesy of Edgar McMullen, Charlestown.). The dwelling contains a massive center chimney and two, back-to-back fireplaces on the first and second floors. Like other members of the Barnes family, he too was drawn to the North East River to fish, hunt, and otherwise enjoy its natural bounties. The shop was built in 1854 by Phillip F. Jackson, and Robert Boone Gibson started working at the business in 1875. The building is a duplex; to the left was Porter's Tavern and to the right, Black's Store. ), (Lot # 82 , "Red Lyon Tavern"/ "Black's Store"). Paca House (CE-111; circa 1750): John Paca, the brother of Governor William Paca a signer of the Declaration of Independence, lived in Charlestown during the mid-1700’s. County Jail Site/Proposed Courthouse Site (CE-396; circa 1750): The site that was proposed for the first “Cecil County Jail and Courthouse” was located at the corner of Frederick and Calvert Streets. During the original balloting of the Charles Town lots, Town Commissioner Zebulon Hollingsworth selected the ballot for this lot. There is a brick belt course and molded water table on the front façade. Charlestown experienced a gradual decline from 1780 through 1820, which was caused by decreased trade and shipping with the British Empire. Charles Town is featured on the Washington Heritage National Trail Scenic Byway. It has undergone several rehabilitations. George Cooper and Harry H. Barnes remained friends throughout the years. Eagle Point Gun Club/Mulveny House (CE-389): Maryland Historical Trust records date the current structure to the early 1800’s. There they founded Charles Town, named for Charles II of England. .” The Assembly directed that “a place called Long Point on the west side of North East River in Cecil County” be the location of the new town and that it be named Charles Town. The name was derived from Charles Calvert, 5th Lord Baron of Baltimore Absolute Lord and Proprietor of the British Provinces of Maryland. Charles Hard Townes was born into a prosperous family on July 28, 1915 in Greenville, South Carolina, USA. 1740- Proceedings and Acts of the General Assembly of Maryland, 1966- Drawing Sewer Profile Sheet – Sanitary Sewer System, 1984- Charlestown Dredging Site No. In the rear of the structure was a log kitchen and chimney. In addition, the “Charlestown Warehouse” also existed on this site. A public wharf and a three-story warehouse were built. However, for about two decades, confusion arose because the same name was also used for a town established in Ohio County at the mouth of Buffalo Creek, and authorized in the 1791 term of that local court. It was used for seasonal duck hunters on the Susquehanna Flats in the 19th and early 20th Centuries. Having a busy port in its early years, Charles Town's major imports included raw sugar and rum from the West Indies. It is thought that the Still House was the first such distillery in America. We are documenting this history and recording, when we can, the voices of those who experienced it firsthand. Perry K. Barnes (1849-1919) also owned and operated the icehouse in town, located on a protective cove on the waterfront near the Wellwood Club. His second son, William Paca, was a signer of the Declaration of Independence and the first governor of Maryland. Burnside, who left a journal describing his many courting adventures in Charles Town, was a storekeeper in town. The Black estate was probated in 1966, under the Last Will and Testament of Elizabeth C. Black, who had died on September 6, 1906. . Mr. Barnes built this home as his "town house" in about 1880, as he and his half-brothers, George W. Barnes (1862-1915), Robert Lee Barnes (1864-1936), Richard K. Barnes (1865-1934), and Harry R. Barnes (1870-1926), operated a commercial fishery at Carpenter's Point. Children, too, would come by the store. It is located adjacent to the Old Post Road. Charles Town is located inland near the town of Buff Bay in the parish of Portland. ‘The Town’ is Ben Affleck's new thriller set in the Boston neighborhood of Charlestown. There is a hexagonal, clapboard icehouse in the rear yard. The property is owned by the Town of Charlestown, Maryland. The three subdivided lots of Lot 82, including this property, were sold to Jonas Owens in 1804. In 1758, Rev. The structure is a rambling one and half story structure with an interesting façade. The famous “Maryland Line” was known for its bravery and heroics during the war. Older records mention that there was a house at the location “built in the Dutch fashion.” Apparently the early building was partially destroyed and rebuilt around 1810 and the present two-story, three bay structure with side hall and double parlor plan was built atop the remains. This portrait accompanies that of her second husband.). He married Hannah L. Chapman on September 29, 1881. During the 1778 Battle of Monmouth, Ramsay was promoted to Lieutenant Colonel and commanded the 3rd Battalion of the Maryland Regiment. More Info: Ice House Dedication (PDF). At this time, the land that became the Town of Cape Charles consisted of farmlands and wetlands. Hamilton House (CE-107; circa 1755): The house was one of the oldest in Charlestown and was constructed by John Kankey. Perry Barnes House (CE-387): This Victorian, frame structure is situated on top of a small hill on Market Street. As a member of the Barnes family and the son of Perry K. Barnes, Harry had an unlimited supply of decoys made by his uncle, Wash Barnes. In 1671, Sir John Yeamans joined the colony, bringing with him about two hundred African slaves. Having lost the courthouse and jail to Elkton in 1787, the townspeople were concerned that the straightening of the road would do further harm to the town's already weak economy. Portions of the area form the present-day Charlestown fishing pier. (George Cooper and Harry H. Barnes (right) repainting decoys for the upcoming season. This photograph courtesy of J. Cranford Henry, Charlestown, Maryland. 38 F Hagerstown Regional Airport Station | Report. He was a Maryland planter who lived near Abingdon in what was then Baltimore County. Charlestown is the oldest Town in Cecil County and the third oldest town in the State of Maryland. Richard Kirby Barnes was born at Carpenter's Point on December 3, 1865. Ramsay was personally charged by General George Washington to hold the British attack so Washington could save the Colonial Army through a necessary retreat. The back porch forms a short passage to a log kitchen where for years an old Negro cook, named Annie Sherwood reigned supreme. Water Tower (CE-1306): The historic “Charlestown Water Tower” is located behind the 107 House, the Charlestown Museum, located on Market Street. Walking southwest on Market Street, next to the Indian Queen is the Red Lyon Tavern, later known as Stephen Porter's Tavern. Charlestown’s inns and taverns became known for their variety of cherry rum and brandy drinks. The Charles Town Library has existed for nearly 100 years. The house is of post and beam construction with clay and brick nogging for insulation. This house has been owned for over 100 years by the Murphy family. A modern brick garage was added to the house on the west wing. The couple had ten children, nine of whom survived, shown in this family photograph taken at Christmas in 1876. Hamilton was elected to serve as a town commissioner. A shed was later attached for fish net storage. Some of Charlestown’s colonial historic sites and structures were once inns, taverns, and shops. Left to right Nancy Black, June Guiberson (both girls on roller skates); Otas Murphay; unknown; Richard K. Barnes; Harry Clayton; Will Heverin; and Dick Barnes. The settlers fortified their town and raised crops. In the mid-1800's there were free blacks with the last name of "Johnson" living in Charlestown. In 1865, a second floor addition was constructed. This “deep sleep” allowed for the preservation of many of the Town’s historic resources into the present time. During the War of 1812, the British sailed into the Charlestown harbor, which contained a small, deteriorated fort. He expanded the business to include the restaurant and bar on the right side of the building. It is a rambling frame structure built in 1760 and was one of Maryland’s early rum distilleries. Many distinguished Charlestown residents tore down their houses and moved to Baltimore in disgust when the Town’s status as county seat was stripped away in favor of a town at the head of the Elk River – Elkton. The Black children were Josephine L. Black (born November 14, 1857, married Harry M. Cantwell, M.D., on April 19, 1881); Walter Ewing Black (born April 2, 1860, married Clara Walker on December 25, 1916); Isabella Ewing Black (born April 21, 1862, married Perry K. Barnes on December 21, 1882); Nelson Montgomery Black (born November 3, 1864, married Myrtle E. Richardson on May 11, 1892); Emma Margaretta Black (born January 3, 1867, died February 12, 1890); Pinckney P. Black (born April 19, 1869, died February 20, 1902); Bayard Gayley Black (born August 27, 1874, married Nellie Clark on August 4, 1909); Ressie E. Black (married Harry R. Barnes on August 17, 1899); and Edna Maude Black (born September 19, 1876, married Franklin Caulk on March 27, 1935). From the early 1800s through the mid 1900s, ice was good business on the North East River. Thus did Charlestown escape the more devastating aspects of “progress.” Its heritage is preserved in the Historic District, which includes approximately 150 buildings. The building was erected in about 1755. It was a stone and frame structure, approximately 80 feet long and three stories high. Nathaniel Ramsay/Key-Ramsey House Site (CE-1300): Originally, the home of Francis Key, birthplace of John Ross Key and Father of Francis Scott Key composer of the “Star Spangled Banner.” This structure was indicated in Benjamin Latrobe’s 1813 sketch of Charlestown, located where the Charlestown Parsonage for St. John’s Methodist Church stands today. House is located in Berkeley County out a settlement Ice house, circa 1910, also known as Stephen 's. 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