basin definition geography

Pulling forces causes rock at depth to stretch like silly putty and rock closer to the surface to break along normal faults into downfallen basins called grabens. Geological basins are one of the two most common places … The area where this happens is called a Catchment Area. Flashcards. The basin of a river or body of water is the land that surrounds it and the streams that flow into it. Tectonic activity is responsible for such phenomena as earthquakes and volcanoes. BSL Geography Glossary - Catchment Area/Drainage Basin - definition. A drainage basin is the area of land that it drained by a river and its tributaries. In geography, a basin is a particular region of the world where the earth's surface is lower than in other places. [3][4] Evaporation occurs; more sediment arrives, and so on. Test. Match. From Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English river basin ˈriver ˌbasin noun [countable] SG an area from which all the water flows into the same river Examples from the Corpus river basin • Another use of the simulation model might be to assess the effect of increasing the urban area lying within a river basin. Definition: When rain falls on an area of land, the water travels downhill and typically collects into a lake or travels on through a river. A geological basin is a large low-lying area. The strata which forms gives clues as to the palaeoclimate. Bays can be found all around the world. Write. Water does not come into or leave planet earth. A small enclosed or partly enclosed body of water. PLAY. Some basins, such as the Great Basin, do not drain to the sea. Tectonic activity is the movement of large pieces of the Earths crust, called tectonic plates. an area in which the strata dip from the margins toward a common center. A confluence – where a river joins another river. A washbowl; a sink. A large, bowl-shaped depression in the surface of the land or ocean floor. Geology of National Parks. It is often below sea level. A river basin is the area of land over which surface run-off flows via streams, rivers, and lakes into the sea. All the land drained by a river and its branches. They showed us their hidden, rock-basin mountain lake a mile from town, and we repaired pipelines so the town once again had gravity-fed water. 5th ed, Iowa: Kendall/Hunt Publishing. A broad tract of land in which the rock strata are tilted toward a common center. | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples To understand resilience with more precision, we need to first understand the concept of a system state. Terms in this set (14) Drainage Basin - an area of land drained by a river and its tributaries- source, mouth, tributary, confluence, water shed. It was that day his ma and her husband took us up in Governor's Basin for a picnic. Any shallow, rounded hollow or depression, often containing water, as a pond. river basin in Geography topic. An example of a basin isthe Nashville Basin in Tennessee where all of the rock strata angle down and away from Nashville. 2. Geology. Rivers may run down into the basin from surrounding mountains. STUDY. a natural or artificial hollow place containing water. Vertical displacement along the faults (normal faulting) creates the basin. 2 term used to describe the shape of the pelvis. A body of water that is connected to the sea and is partially or almost completely enclosed by land. The Great Basin region has numerous fault block basins and intervening ranges. Some basins are bowl-shaped while others are elongate. There are no inputs or outputs.The drainage basin hydrological system is a local open system. Harris, Ann G.; Tuttle, Esther; Tuttle, Sherwood D. 1997. Watershed definition watershed: areaof land draining into a river networkconverging to an outlet the area of the watershed is delimited by the topographic (=drainage) divide outlined on a topographic map Hydrology –Basin characteristics –Autumn Semester 2017 3 Physical Geography - Drainage Basin. sin (bā′sĭn) n. 1. a. geologic history of London In London: Geologic foundation The London Basin is a wedge-shaped declivity bounded to the south by the chalk of North Downs, running north to south, and to the north by the chalk outcrop of the Chiltern Hills, running up in a northeasterly direction from the Goring Gap. The geology is of interest to oil prospectors, hydrologists and palaeontologists. A geological basin is a large low-lying area. A basin is a container that holds water and is used for washing, but you probably just call it your bathroom sink. A great hollow in the earth's surface filled by an ocean. 3 (also basinful /ˈbeɪsənfʊl/) the amount of liquid that a basin can contain a basin of hot water 4 Flo_Ss. [2] Geologists call this region the Basin and Range Province. Let's grab our life jackets and hop on an imaginary boat together! A low-lying area on the Earth's surface in which thick layers of sediment have accumulated. A system’s state is the general configuratio… A round, wide, shallow container, as for holding water to wash in. Our American King. Other terms that are used to describe a basin are: drainage basin, catchment, catchment area, catchment basin, drainage area, river basin, water basin, endorheic basin and watershed.[5]. Gravity. Resilience is a property of systems related to how a system responds to a disturbance or stressor. An open, shallow, usually round container used especially for holding liquids. a round container attached to the wall in a bathroom, where you wash your hands and face SYN sink a wash basin 2 a large bowl-shaped container for liquids or food Fill the basin with the cake mixture. Badwater Basin in Death Valley, California. This page was last changed on 15 January 2021, at 22:21. The Amazon and the Mississippi river systems are like this. In geology, a basin is defined as a bounded area where the rock within the boundaries dips inward toward the center.By contrast, a range is a single line of mountains or hills forming a connected chain of land higher than the surrounding area. A region drained by a single river system. The geography of the San Francisco Bay has changed dramatically due to human activity in the 19th and 20th centuries, for instance. Most basins, however, are drainage basins with rivers bringing their water into the sea. Here we’re going to explore another closely related idea: resilience. The mean depth of the western basin is estimated at 881 fathoms, and the deepest sounding recorded is 2040 fathoms. She ignored his question and turned away, moving to a small basin of water. rock-basin: In physical geography , a basin or hollow in a rock. Spell. The natural processes of weathering and erosion also contribute to forming structural basins. An artesian basin is a low-lying region where groundwater is cramped under pressure from surrounding layers of rock. Many such rivers meander through a web of islands at the river delta, and bring along a huge amount of sediment in the form of mud, clay and sand. A wide, depressed area in which the rock layers all incline toward a central area. The western Mediterranean is cut off by a bank crossing the narrow strait between Sicily and Cape Bon, usually known as the Adventure Bank, on which the depth is nowhere 200 fathoms. Most ecosystems are example of open systems. The type of rocks which form there tell about the palaeoclimate of the continent. The land area that is drained by a river and its tributaries. A kidney-shaped basin is commonly used as an emesis receptacle. River basin definition: A river basin is the area of land from which all the water flows into a particular river. During the California Gold Rush of the 1850s and 1860s, miner s in Northern California dumped tons of material into the … Copyright © 2020 LoveToKnow. A small body of water that is artificially enclosed. A drainage basin is any area of land where precipitation collects and drains off into a common outlet, such as into a river, bay, or other body of water. It is beautifully situated in the centre of a valley basin on a plateau 3500 ft. Basins are formed by forces above the ground (like erosion) or below the ground (like earthquakes). An open, shallow, usually round container used especially for holding liquids. In rough terms, the more resilient a system is, the larger a disturbance it can handle. Water is continuously transferred between the atmosphere and the oceans. From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. All Rights Reserved. A basin is also a sheltered area of water deep enough for boats, or an area of land that is lower … Basins form through tectonic processes, especially … The water may drain into underground aquifers, or evaporate to form salt lakes. basin: 1 a receptacle for collecting or holding fluids. This system is a closed system. Structural basins for… Floods or lakes may form with no outlet to the sea. The strata which form are quite different from inland basin lakes. Created by. Learn. Basin definition is - an open usually circular vessel with sloping or curving sides used typically for holding water for washing. Closed System – is a system that transfers energy, but not matter, across its boundary to the surrounding environment. Open System – is a system that transfers both matter and energy can cross its boundary to the surrounding environment. A region drained by a river and its tributaries. How to use basin in a sentence. River basins have typical features, these include: Tributary – a smaller river or stream flowing into a larger river. a partially enclosed, sheltered area along a shore, often partly man-made or dredged to a greater depth, where boats may be moored: a yacht basin. A river basin sends all the water that falls within it to a central river, and from there to the ocean. We will explore an extraordinary body of water called a bay. On the previous page, we saw that the idea of carrying capacity is closely related to the idea of sustainability. The amount that such a vessel can hold. An artificially enclosed area of a river or harbor designed so that the water level remains unaffected by tidal changes. Structural basins are formed by tectonic activity. An example of a basin is a container in which laundry can be handwashed. Open and Closed Systems. Drainage basin (hydrology), a topographic region in which all water drains to a common area Endorheic basin, a closed topographic low area with no drainage outlet Impact basin, a large impact crater Retention basin, stormwater runoff to prevent flooding and downstream erosion which includes a … Because the basin is low-lying, it collects sediment. A low-lying area on the Earth's surface in which thick layers of sediment have accumulated. The smallest basin is the fault block basin (graben), which is typical of basin-and-range terrain. They showed us their hidden, rock-basin mountain lake a mile from town, and we repaired pipelines so the town once again had gravity-fed water. It is often below sea level. Drainage basin, also called catchment area, or (in North America) watershed, area from which all precipitation flows to a single stream or set of streams. A river basin is an area of land drained by a river and its tributaries. 4. When combined, the two make up basin … This body of water is full of complex habitats that need to be protected. https://simple.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Basin_(geology)&oldid=7272375, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License. An example of a basin is the Amazon Basin where the Amazon River and all its branches and tributaries drain. Some basins are bowl-shaped while others are elongate. Starting around 16 million years ago in the Miocene, and continuing into the present, a large part of the North American Plate has been stretched by being pulled apart. Drainage Density It includes water found in the water table and su… For example, the total area drained by the Mississippi River constitutes its drainage basin, whereas that part of the Mississippi River drained by the Ohio River is the Ohio’s drainage basin. Definition - What does River Basin mean? Geological basins are one of the two most common places inland which collect sediment (the other is lakes). Geograhy Terms and Definitions Learn with flashcards, games, and more — for free. They are often a source of valuable oil. A drainage basin is the area of land that it drained by a river and its tributaries. b. Our planet is often viewed as a closed system. The definition of a shallow container which will hold liquids such as water, or a shallow, bowl-shapped depression on land filled with water, or when rock layers all tilt away from a center area. [1]p611 The result has been the creation of a large and still-growing region of relatively thin crust; the region grew an average of 1 inch (2.5 cm) per year initially and then slowed to 0.3 inches (0.76 cm) per year in the last 5 million years. b. A basin is a hollow or depression in the earth’s surface, wholly or partly surrounded by higher land such as a river basin. They can be created over thousands of years or almost overnight. 3. a. He retrieved her glass from the basin of the sink and poured her more wine. A bay is Basins form through tectonic processes, especially in fault-bordered intermontane areas or in areas where the Earth's crust has warped downwards. A drainage basin is an area of land drained by a river and its tributaries (river system). This is known as the global hydrological cycle. In the eastern Mediterranean the mean depth is nearly the same as in the western basin. & oldid=7272375, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License Tributary – a smaller river or stream flowing into a particular of... Found in the 19th and 20th centuries, for instance basins with rivers bringing water. Prospectors, hydrologists and palaeontologists the rock layers all incline toward a central.. And her husband took us up in Governor 's basin for a picnic 's. 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