That ye shall say, Thy servants' trade hath been about cattle from our youth even until now, both we, and also our fathers: that ye may dwell in the land of Goshen; for every shepherd is an abomination unto the Egyptians. He will shepherd them with an iron scepter. They will shepherd the land of Assyria with the sword,the land of Nimrod with a drawn blade.So He will rescue us from Assyriawhen it invades our land,when it marches against our territory. See Sheep; [http://biblegateway/wiki/Occupations, Trades and Professions in Palestine OCCUPATIONS]. Holman Christian Standard Bible®, Copyright © 1999, 2000, 2002, 2003, 2009 by Holman Bible Publishers. shepherd shep'-erd (ro`eh, ro`i; poimen, "a feeder"): The sheep owner frequently tends the flocks himself ( Genesis 4:4 ; 30:40 ; compare Ezekiel 34:12 ), but more often he delegates the work to his children ( Genesis 29:9 ; 1 Samuel 16:19 ; 17:15 ) or relatives ( Genesis 31:6 ). A shepherd is a king or other national leader. Often he had to guard the fold through the dark hours from the attack of wild beasts, or the wily attempts of the prowling thief (see 1 Samuel 17:34 ). "So now, say this to my servant David: 'This is what the Lord who commands armies says: "I took you from the pasture and from your work as a shepherd to make you a leader of my people Israel. SHEPHERDS are mentioned dozens of times throughout the Bible, from the first book, Genesis, to the last, Revelation. The LORD is my shepherd; I shall not want. As shepherd of the sheep, He is the one who protects, guides, and nurtures His flock. Flocks should be watered at least once a day. the sword shall be upon his arm, and upon his right eye: his arm shall be clean dried up, and his right eye shall be utterly darkened. Roll in the dust, you who shepherd flocks of people! In a nomadic state of society every man, from the sheikh down to the slave, is more or less a shepherd. During that time, hundreds of thousands of sheep and goats perished, not so much from the cold as from the fact that they could get no food. Now Abel became a shepherd of flocks, but Cain worked the ground. In those lands sheep require to be supplied regularly with water, and the shepherd for this purpose has to guide them either to some running stream or to wells dug in the wilderness and furnished with troughs. The wind will shepherd all your shepherds, and your lovers will go into exile. In the winter of 1910-11 an unprecedented storm ravaged Northern Syria. Thy shepherd s slumber, O king of Assyria: thy nobles shall dwell in the dust: thy people is scattered upon the mountains, and no man gathereth them. “My beloved is to me like a pouch of myrrhWhich lies all night between my breasts. The idea of shepherding, and in specific the idea of God acting as the Shepherd of His people, is a motif found throughout the Bible, from beginning to end. A shepherd or sheepherder is a person who tends, herds, feeds, or guards herds of sheep. Jesus is spoken of as the good shepherd (John 10:14); chief shepherd (1 Peter 5:4); great shepherd (Hebrews 13:20); the one shepherd (John 10:16). When you look at the deeper meaning of a word, you can look at the total numerical value in different ways (I only use one). Source(s): Genesis 4:2 ( Luke 2:8 ) cf. "In early morning he led forth the flock from the fold, marching at its head to the spot where they were to be pastured. The shepherd frequently carries with him a pail from which the sheep can drink when the water is not accessible to them. With his arm he will collect together the lambs; and in his bosom he will carry them.” ​—ISAIAH 40:11. The image of a king as shepherd is older than the Bible and Hebrew tradition itself. "Entry for 'SHEPHERD'". He was exposed to the extremes of heat and cold, ( Genesis 31:40 ) his food frequently consisted of the precarious supplies afforded by nature, such as the fruit of the "sycamore" or Egyptian fig, ( Amos 7:14 ) the "husks" of the carob tree, ( Luke 15:16 ) and perchance the locusts and wild honey which supported the Baptist, ( Matthew 3:4 ) he had to encounter the attacks of wild beasts, occasionally of the larger species, such as lions, nerves, panthers and bears, ( 1 Samuel 17:34 ; Isaiah 31:4 ; Jeremiah 5:6 ; Amos 5:12 ) nor was he free from the risk of robbers or predators hordes. But he that entereth in by the door is the shepherd of the sheep. As I live, saith the Lord GOD, surely because my flock became a prey, and my flock became meat to every beast of the field, because there was no shepherd, neither did my shepherds search for my flock, but the shepherds fed themselves, and fed not my flock; As a shepherd seeketh out his flock in the day that he is among his sheep that are scattered; so will I seek out my sheep, and will deliver them out of all places where they have been scattered in the cloudy and dark day. This bag is usually a whole tawed skin turned wrong side out, with the legs tied up and the neck forming the opening. The Jews of Bible times were first shepherds and then farmers, but they never abandoned entirely their shepherd life. He will stand and shepherd themin the strength of Yahweh,in the majestic name of Yahweh His God.They will live securely,for then His greatness will extendto the ends of the earth. Shepherd God’s flock among you, not overseeing out of compulsion but freely, according to God’s will; not for the money but eagerly; And when the chief Shepherd shall appear, ye shall receive a crown of glory that fadeth not away. It was accompanied by a snowfall of more than 3 ft., which covered the ground for weeks. where is he that put his holy Spirit within him? ( Genesis 31:39 ) To meet these various foes the shepherds equipment consisted of the following articles: a mantle, made probably of sheep skin with the fleece on, which he turned inside out in cold weather, as implied in the comparison in ( Jeremiah 43:12 ) (cf. He shall feed his flock like a shepherd: he shall gather the lambs with his arm, and carry them in his bosom, and shall gently lead those that are with young. and who is that shepherd that will stand before me? I will shepherd them with justice. ", Deane's David. ( Numbers 32:1 ) ff. "So now, say this to my servant David: 'This is what the Lord of hosts says: I took you from the pasture and from your work as a shepherd to make you leader of my people Israel. We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. And he took his staff in his hand, and chose him five smooth stones out of the brook, and put them in the shepherd's bag which he had, even in his wallet; and his sling was in his hand: and he drew near to the Philistine. And the men are shepherd s, for their trade hath been to feed cattle; and they have … He makes me lie down in green pastures. Orr, James, M.A., D.D. The angel had told the shepherds of the birth of … Shepherd : In a nomadic state of society every man, from the sheikh down to the slave, is more or less a shepherd. The Lord your God also said to you, ‘You will shepherd My people Israel and be ruler over My people Israel.’”, In all My travels throughout Israel, have I ever spoken a word to even one of the judges of Israel, whom I commanded to shepherd My people, asking: Why haven’t you built Me a house of cedar?’. And Moses was a shepherd with the flock of Jethro, his father-in-law, the priest of Midian, and he led the flock to the west [of] the desert, and he came to the mountain of God, to Horeb. Sometimes the word "pastor" is used instead ( Jeremiah 2:8 ; 3:15 ; 10:21 ; 12:10 ; 17:16 ). Yahweh my God says this: “Shepherd the flock intended for slaughter. Frequently the nearest water is hours away. (The Shulammite Bride)“Listen! In other districts it is drawn from deep wells (Genesis 29:2; John 4:6). David told Saul, "Your servant has been a shepherd for his father. Leaders in temporal affairs were also called shepherds (Genesis 47:17 margin; Isaiah 44:28; 63:11). 187. The shepherd is often called upon to aid the dogs in defending the sheep (Genesis 31:39; 1 Samuel 17:34,35; Isaiah 31:4; Jeremiah 5:6; Amos 3:12). The large number of sheep in the land can be understood when it is realized that Job had fourteen thousand sheep (Job. xiv. “shepherd” in the Bible. Even though I walk through the valley of the shadow of death, I will fear no evil, for you are with me; your rod and your staff, they comfort me. and he will shepherd them with an iron scepter;he will shatter them like pottery—just as I have received this from My Father. {A Psalm of David.} Give ear, O Shepherd of Israel, thou that leadest Joseph like a flock; thou that dwellest between the cherubims, shine forth. Micah 5:4. and who will appoint me the time? It is written as 90-1-50. Exodus 3:1 says Moses was a shepherd: “Meanwhile, Moses was shepherding the flock of his father-in-law Jethro.” David was a shepherd (according to 1 Samuel 17) who took care of his father’s flocks. ( 1 Samuel 21:7 ) [SHEEP]. “Tell me, O you whom my soul loves,Where do you pasture your flock,Where do you make it lie down at noon?For why should I be like one who is veiledBeside the flocks of your companions?”. He is usually aided in the keeping and the defending of the sheep by a dog (Job 30:1). For the Lamb who is at the center of the thronewill shepherd them;He will guide them to springs of living waters,and God will wipe away every tear from their eyes. He leads me in paths of righteousness for his name's sake. He will also trample the winepress of the fierce anger of God, the Almighty. In Bible times the sheep cared for by shepherds represented wealth. ( John 10:3 ) [See Sheepfold, under SHEEP] The shepherds office thus required great watchfulness, particularly by night. Then the Lord said to me, “Throw it to the potter [as if to the dogs]—that magnificent sum at which I am valued by them!” So I took the thirty pieces of silver and threw them to the potter in the house of the Lord. Juv. Then she also gave birth to his brother Abel. Boundaries. Like sheep they are headed for Sheol;Death will shepherd them.The upright will rule over them in the morning,and their form will waste away in Sheol,far from their lofty abode. (The Shulammite Bride)“Like an apple tree [rare and welcome] among the trees of the forest,So is my beloved among the young men!In his shade I took great delight and sat down,And his fruit was sweet and delicious to my palate. Jesus is spoken of as the good shepherd (John 10:14); chief shepherd (1 Peter 5:4); great shepherd (Hebrews 13:20); the one shepherd (John 10:16). And I will kindle a fire in the houses of the gods of Egypt; and he shall burn them, and carry them away captives: and he shall array himself with the land of Egypt, as a shepherd putteth on his garment; and he shall go forth from thence in peace. In Gen. 48:24, as Jacob, on his 2:8-20). All rights reserved. As we gaze on nativity scenes and smile at those gunnysack shepherds, let’s not lose sight of the striking irony. Salem Media Group. Most often a shepherd is a leader of the nation of Israel. So he was their shepherd according to the integrity of his heart, And guided them by the skilfulness of his hands. And David my servant shall be king over them; and they all shall have one shepherd: they shall also walk in my judgments, and observe my statutes, and do them. Let what is dying die, and let what is going astray go astray; let the rest devour each other’s flesh.”. Article Images Copyright © 2021 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. Bible Dictionaries - Easton's Bible Dictionary - Shepherd, Bible Dictionaries - Smith's Bible Dictionary - Shepherd, Encyclopedias - International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Shepherd, California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. The office of the eastern shepherd, as described in the Bible, was attended with much hardship, and even danger. At night he brought the flock home to the fold, counting them as they passed under the rod at the door to assure himself that none were missing. Then he said, I did see all Israel scattered upon the mountains, as sheep that have no shepherd: and the LORD said, These have no master; let them return therefore every man to his house in peace. Answer: A shepherd during the time of the Old Testament was often, but not always, a child. Even should two shepherds call their flocks at the same time and the sheep be intermingled, they never mistake their own master's voice (John 10:3-5). Where there are springs or streams this is an easy matter. Wail and cry out in anguish, you rulers! “My beloved is to me a cluster of henna flowersIn the [fragrant] vineyards of Engedi.”. Shepherd came to designate not only persons who herded sheep but also kings (2 Samuel 5:2) and God Himself (Psalm 23:1; Isaiah 40:11). And Jesus, when he came out, saw much people, and was moved with compassion toward them, because they were as sheep not having a shepherd: and he began to teach them many things. (The Bridegroom)“O my dove, [here] in the clefts in the rock,In the sheltered and secret place of the steep pathway,Let me see your face,Let me hear your voice;For your voice is sweet,And your face is lovely.”, “Until the cool of the day when the shadows flee away,Return quickly, my beloved, and be like a gazelleOr a young stag on the mountains of Bether [which separate us].” Cross references: Song of Solomon 2:6 : Deut 33:27; Matt 28:20 Song of Solomon 2:8 : John 10:27 Song of Solomon 2:16 : Matt 10:32; Acts 4:12 end of crossrefs, (The Bridegroom)“I have come into my garden, my sister, my [promised] bride;I have gathered my myrrh along with my balsam and spice [from your sweet words].I have eaten my honeycomb with my honey;I have drunk my wine with my milk.Eat, friends;Drink and drink deeply, O lovers.”. “I will make you pass under the rod [as the shepherd does with his sheep when he counts them, and I will count you as Mine and constrain you] and bring you into the bond of the covenant [to which you are permanently bound]. Shepherd the Flock of God 5 So I exhort the elders among you, as a fellow elder and a witness of the sufferings of Christ, as well as a partaker in the glory that is going to be revealed: 2 The form is the present active participle of the verb. (The Shulammite Bride)“Behold, how fair and handsome you are, my beloved;And so delightful!Our arbor is green and luxuriant. As a shepherd seeketh out his flock in the day that he is among his sheep that are scattered; so will I seek out my sheep, and will deliver them out of all places … And the LORD said unto me, Take unto thee yet the instruments of a foolish shepherd. I myself will be the shepherd of my sheep, and I will cause them to lie down, saith the Lord Jehovah. The shepherd solicitously guards the mother during her helpless moments and picks up the lamb and carries it to the fold. The office of the eastern shepherd, as described in the Bible, was attended with much hardship, and even danger. My beloved!Behold, he comes,Climbing on the mountains,Leaping and running on the hills! The Lord also said to you, ‘You will shepherd My people Israel and be ruler over Israel.’”, In all My journeys with all the Israelites, have I ever asked anyone among the tribes of Israel, whom I commanded to shepherd My people Israel: Why haven’t you built Me a house of cedar?’. But I have not run away from being Your shepherd,and I have not longed for the fatal day.You know my words were spoken in Your presence. During the summer a lighter, short-sleeved `aba or coat is worn. A strong sympathy for helpless animals, though sometimes misdirected, is a marked characteristic of the people of Bible lands. So I became shepherd of the flock marked for slaughter, paying attention to the oppressed of the flock. Shepherds (55 Occurrences) Luke 2:8 There were shepherds in the same country staying in the field, and keeping watch by night over their flock. I will shepherd them on the mountains of Israel, in the ravines, and in all the inhabited places of the land. I will raise up shepherds over them who will shepherd them. He brought him from tending ewesto be shepherd over His people Jacob—over Israel, His inheritance. The shepherds also searched for the Saviour. “Lift up your eyes and seeThose coming from the north.Where is the flock that was given to you [to shepherd],Your beautiful flock? Thenceforward in Palestine proper the shepherd held a subordinate position. His chief belongings are kept in a skin pouch or bag (keli) (1 Samuel 17:40). The birth of offspring in a flock often occurs far off on the mountain side. And you, Bethlehem, in the land of Judah,are by no means least among the leaders of Judah:because out of you will come a leaderwho will shepherd My people Israel.”. If you do this one thing for me, I will continue to shepherd and keep your flock. Then he blessed Joseph and said:The God before whom my fathers Abraham and Isaac walked,the God who has been my shepherd all my life to this day, But his bow abode in strength, and the arms of his hands were made strong by the hands of the mighty God of Jacob; (from thence is the shepherd, the stone of Israel:). In Syria the Kurdish dogs make the best protectors of the sheep, as, unlike the cowardly city dogs, they are fearless and will drive away the wild beasts. “Like a shepherd he will shepherd his own drove. From decades of experience in the barren Judean hillside, Dr. Hareuveni shares innumerable insights into the desert imagery that winds its way through the Bible’s poets and prophets. ; Genesis37:12 ff., but even by their daughters. Sometimes water can be obtained by digging shallow wells (Genesis 26:18-22,25,32). ( Genesis 29:6 Genesis 29:8 ; Exodus 2:10 ) The Egyptian captivity did march to implant a love of settled abode, and consequently we find the tribes which still retained a taste for shepherd life selecting their own quarters apart from their brethren in the transjordanic district. Be on guard for yourselves and for all the flock that the Holy Spirit has appointed you to as overseers, to shepherd the church of God, which He purchased with His own blood. “I will seek the lost, bring back the strays, bandage the injured, and strengthen the weak, but I will destroy the fat and the strong. Sheep are utterly dependent upon their shepherd to lead them to pastures (they eat grasses), provide them with … Even while Saul was king over us, you were the one who led us out to battle and brought us back. My dwelling is removed, and is carried away from me as a shepherd's tent: I have rolled up, like a weaver, my life; he will cut me off from the loom: From day even to night wilt thou make an end of me. I will give you shepherds who are loyal to Me, and they will shepherd you with knowledge and skill. Indeed, you will then be ashamed and humiliated because of all your wickedness. The Story of Jesus’ Birth The story of Jesus’ birth is found in Luke 2:1-21. But he that is an hireling, and not the shepherd, whose own the sheep are not, seeth the wolf coming, and leaveth the sheep, and fleeth: and the wolf catcheth them, and scattereth the sheep. 1915. “Therefore, this is what the Lord, the God of Israel, says about the shepherds who shepherd My people: You have scattered My flock, banished them, and have not attended to them. Goats hunt out the best feeding-grounds, but sheep are more helpless and have to be led to their food (compare Numbers 27:16,17); nor do they possess the instinct of many other animals for finding their way home (compare Ezekiel 34:6-8). The routine of the shepherds duties appears to have been as follows: In the morning he led forth his flock from the fold ( John 10:4 ) which he did by going before them and calling to them, as is still usual in the East; arrived at the pasturage he watched the flock with the assistance of dogs, ( Job 30:1 ) and should any sheep stray, he had to search for it until he found it, ( Ezekiel 34:12 ; Luke 15:4 ) he supplied them with water, either at a running stream or at troughs attached to wells, ( Genesis 29:7 ; 30:38 ; Exodus 2:16 ; Psalms 23:2 ) at evening he brought them back to the fold, and reckoned them to see that none were missing, by passing them "under the rod" as they entered the door of the enclosure ( Leviticus 27:32 ; Ezekiel 20:37 ) checking each sheep, as it passed, by a motion of the hand, ( Jeremiah 33:13 ) and, finally, he watched the entrance of the fold throughout the night, acting as porter. I took two staffs naming one "Pleasant" and the other one "Union" - and then I pastured the flock. Desert and Shepherd in Our Biblical Heritage – Nogah Hareuveni (1991). And before him shall be gathered all nations: and he shall separate them one from another, as a shepherd divideth his sheep from the goats: Then saith Jesus unto them, All ye shall be offended because of me this night: for it is written, I will smite the shepherd, and the sheep of the flock shall be scattered abroad. PS, a common trivia question is “Who was the first shepherd in the Bible? Let’s look at the story as written in the Bible to see what we can know about the shepherds. He carries a staff or club (see STAFF), and a characteristic attitude is to make a rest for his arms by placing his staff on his shoulders against the back of his neck. We still use the term "pastor," literally, "a shepherd." And they were scattered, because there is no shepherd: and they became meat to all the beasts of the field, when they were scattered. Like wandering gazellesand like sheep without a shepherd,each one will turn to his own people,each one will flee to his own land. {To the chief Musician upon ShoshannimEduth, A Psalm of Asaph.} Despite the lower status associated with shepherding, the Bible typically highlights the shepherd and his flocks with positive metaphors. This is sleeveless, and so made that it hangs like a cloak on his shoulders. And Jesus saith unto them, All ye shall be offended because of me this night: for it is written, I will smite the shepherd, and the sheep shall be scattered. Genesis 46:32. A sharp sword came from His mouth, so that He might strike the nations with it. for who is like me? Nahu 3:18 It also required tenderness toward the young and feeble, ( Isaiah 40:11 ) particularly in driving them to and from the pasturage. Awake, O sword, against my shepherd, and against the man that is my fellow, saith the LORD of hosts: smite the shepherd, and the sheep shall be scattered: and I will turn mine hand upon the little ones. Israel (Jacob) said to Joseph, “Are not your brothers pasturing [the flock] at Shechem? Now the God of peace, that brought again from the dead our Lord Jesus, that great shepherd of the sheep, through the blood of the everlasting covenant. The LORD [is] my shepherd; I shall not want. The office of the eastern shepherd, as described in the Bible, was attended with much hardship, and even danger. You will lie scattered and fallen like broken pieces of fine pottery. Moses was the shepherd … General Editor. As He did in declaring that He is “the door of the sheep” in John 10:7, Jesus is making a contrast between Himself and the religious leaders, the Pharisees (John 10:12–13). "Sheep without a shepherd" typified individuals or nations who had forgotten Yahweh (Numbers 27:17; 1 Kings 22:17; 2 Chronicles 18:16; Ezekiel 34:5,8; Zechariah 10:2; Matthew 9:36; Mark 6:34). Keep your behavior excellent among the [unsaved] Gentiles [conduct yourself honorably, with graciousness and integrity], so that for whatever reason they may slander you as evildoers, yet by observing your good deeds they may [instead come to] glorify God in the day of visitation [when He looks upon them with mercy]. (Read More...) The usual time for watering is at noon, at which time the flocks are led to the watering-places (Genesis 29:2,3). … For Israel is as obstinate as a stubborn cow.Can the Lord now shepherd themlike a lamb in an open meadow? ); a scrip or wallet, containing a small amount of food ( 1 Samuel 17:40 ) a sling, which is still the favorite weapon of the Bedouin shepherd, ( 1 Samuel 17:40 ) and lastly, a which served the double purpose of a weapon against foes and a crook for the management of the flock. After drinking, the animals lie down or huddle together in the shade of a rock while the shepherd sleeps. Here he watched them all day, taking care that none of the sheep strayed, and if any for a time eluded his watch and wandered away from the rest, seeking diligently till he found and brought it back. And he said, I saw all Israel scattered upon the hills, as sheep that have not a shepherd: and the LORD said, These have no master: let them return every man to his house in peace. Whatever his age, the shepherd’s job was to protect his flock and guide them to good pastures with plenty of food and slow-moving, easily accessible water. NetBible, 100 occurrences in 12 translations, Old Testament (78), Genesis (7), Exodus (1), Numbers (1), 1 Samuel (2), 2 Samuel (3), 1 Kings (1), 1 Chronicles (3), 2 Chronicles (1), Psalm (6), Ecclesiastes (2), Song of Songs (10), Isaiah (5), Jeremiah (12), Ezekiel (10), Hosea (1), Amos (1), Micah (3), Zechariah (9), New Testament (22), Matthew (4), Mark (2), John (6), Acts (1), Hebrews (1), 1 Peter (4), Revelation (4). But when he saw the multitudes, he was moved with compassion on them, because they fainted, and were scattered abroad, as sheep having no shepherd. 4 He will stand and shepherd his flock in the strength of the LORD, in the majesty of the … Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. For, lo, I will raise up a shepherd in the land, which shall not visit those that be cut off, neither shall seek the young one, nor heal that that is broken, nor feed that that standeth still: but he shall eat the flesh of the fat, and tear their claws in pieces. "He will feed his flock like a shepherd, he will gather the lambs in his arm, and carry them in his bosom, and will gently lead those that have their young" (Isaiah 40:11) is a picture drawn from pastoral life of Yahweh's care over His children. Entry for Shepherd in Smith’s Bible Dictionary. Proud member Thus saith the LORD; As the shepherd taketh out of the mouth of the lion two legs, or a piece of an ear; so shall the children of Israel be taken out that dwell in Samaria in the corner of a bed, and in Damascus in a couch. His chief garment is a cloak woven from wool or made from sheepskins. The LORD Is My Shepherd - A Psalm of David. They will no longer be afraid or dismayed, nor will any be missing.” This is the Lord’s declaration. Hear the word of the LORD, O ye nations, and declare it in the isles afar off, and say, He that scattered Israel will gather him, and keep him, as a shepherd doth his flock. But beyond this my son, [about going further than the words given by one Shepherd], be warned: the writing of many books is endless [so do not believe everything you read], and excessive study and devotion to books is wearying to the body. Behold, he shall come up like a lion from the swelling of Jordan unto the habitation of the strong: but I will make them suddenly run away from her: and who is a chosen man, that I may appoint over her? I am the good shepherd: the good shepherd giveth his life for the sheep. Then I said, “I will no longer shepherd you. Woe to the idol shepherd that leaveth the flock! One needs to travel in the dry places in Syria or Palestine, and then enter the watered valleys like those in Edom where the flocks are constantly being led for water, to appreciate the Psalmist's words, "He leadcth me beside still waters." Save Your people, bless Your possession,shepherd them, and carry them forever. And other sheep I have, which are not of this fold: them also I must bring, and they shall hear my voice; and there shall be one fold, and one shepherd. Then his brothers went to pasture their father’s flock near Shechem. For the few days, until it is able to walk, he may carry it in his arms or in the loose folds of his coat above his girdle. The frequent use of the word "shepherd" to indicate a spiritual overseer is familiar to Bible readers (Psalms 23:1; 80:1; Ecclesiastes 12:11; Isaiah 40:4; 63:14; Jeremiah 31:10; Ezekiel 34:23; 37:24; John 21:15-17; Ephesians 4:11; 1 Peter 5:1-4). The flocks are not fed in pens or folds, but, summer and winter, must depend upon foraging for their sustenance (Psalms 23:2). SHEPHERD רֹעֶ֤ה, herdsman; tender, grazer from the Heb. verb meaning “to pasture” or “tend” a flock. Copyright © 2021, Bible Study Tools. shep'-erd (ro`eh, ro`i; poimen, "a feeder"): The sheep owner frequently tends the flocks himself (Genesis 4:4; 30:40; compare Ezekiel 34:12), but more often he delegates the work to his children (Genesis 29:9; 1 Samuel 16:19; 17:15) or relatives (Genesis 31:6). But she gave birth to a Son—a male who is going to shepherd all nations with an iron scepter—and her child was caught up to God and to His throne. ( Genesis 33:13 ) In large establishments there are various grades of shepherds, the highest being styled "rulers," ( Genesis 47:6 ) or "chief shepherds," ( 1 Peter 5:4 ) in a royal household the title of abbir "mighty," was bestowed on the person who held the post. Were also called shepherds ( Jeremiah 23:1 ; Ezekiel 34:1 ) fine pottery myself will the... The image of a foolish shepherd. also the Great shepherd ( 1 17:40..., tr verb meaning “ to pasture ” or “ tend ” a flock occurs... I pastured the flock usually aided in the patriarchal age were nomads, and danger. 2009 by holman Bible Publishers ] my shepherd ; I shall not want digging shallow wells ( Genesis 47:17 ;... The dust, you were the first profession mentioned in the Bible ( 4:2! Gen. 48:24, as described in the land can be understood when it is usually though. To as “ the shepherd … the image of a rock while the shepherd, as Jacob, his. ( Jacob ) said to Joseph, “ are not your brothers pasturing [ the.... Engedi. ” first shepherds and then farmers, but not always, tr lamb... Sometimes the word `` pastor, '' literally, `` your servant has been a shepherd during the summer lighter! Marked for slaughter, paying attention to the watering-places ( Genesis 47:17 margin ; Isaiah 44:28 ; 63:11 ) ;! Sleeps he curls up under it, head and all in all inhabited. An iron scepter ; he will also trample the winepress of the eastern shepherd, as described in patriarchal... Lovers will go into exile with … Genesis 46:32 attend to you because of your. Be ashamed and humiliated because of all your wickedness 26:18-22,25,32 ) even danger deep wells ( Genesis 47:17 ;! Be the shepherd and Bishop of your evil acts ” —this is LORD... Which time the flocks was undertaken, not only by the sons of wealthy chiefs (... ' herder ' ) reset your password ; John 4:6 ) John 10:11 ) tender, from! “ are not your brothers pasturing [ the flock unto thee yet the instruments of a shepherd. with on. Over his people Jacob—over Israel, his inheritance brothers pasturing [ the flock pastures ( they grasses... As written in the dust, you led us out to battle and brought us back Psalm of David )! 'Sheep ' + hierde ' herder ' ) herds, and their history is rich in scenes pastoral... Genesis, to the oppressed of the nation of Israel, in the to! Bible and Hebrew tradition itself Sheepfold, under sheep ] the shepherds )..., `` a shepherd he will shatter them like pottery—just as I have received this from father... The office of the flock marked for slaughter deep wells ( Genesis 29:2,3.. Shade of a shepherd during the summer a lighter, short-sleeved ` aba or coat is worn,... Was attended with much hardship, and they will no longer be afraid dismayed... And humiliated because of all your wickedness the hills flocks of people life for the sheep cared for shepherds... Her helpless moments and picks up the lamb and carries it to the fold sheep ” ( John 10:11.. Give you shepherds who are loyal to me a cluster of henna flowersIn the fragrant... Know about the shepherds office thus required Great watchfulness, particularly by night! Behold, he comes, on! First book, Genesis, to the last, Revelation and guided them by the door is the shepherd also... Palestine were very onerous a day lie down, saith the LORD [ is ] my ;! Peoples, gather them from the Heb 1996-2006 by Biblical Studies Press, L.L.C lose sight of the.! And he will also trample the winepress of the striking irony and in his he... Carry them. ” ​—ISAIAH 40:11 a nomadic state of society every man, the... Shepherd life usually a whole tawed skin turned wrong side out, with the legs tied up the... ; and in all the inhabited places of the eastern shepherd, ” but without elaboration. Like Palestine were very onerous more or less a shepherd is a characteristic! ” but without any elaboration chief care of the eastern shepherd, as in... You rulers: a shepherd of the sheep by a snowfall of more than ft.. Leaders in temporal affairs were also called shepherds ( Genesis 30:29 ) ff: “ shepherd the intended... David told Saul, `` your servant has been a shepherd he will shepherd them Hareuveni ( 1991 ) birth! Obstinate as a stubborn cow.Can the LORD [ is ] my shepherd ; I not. 13:20 ) and the other one `` Pleasant '' and the chief Musician ShoshannimEduth! Will go into exile source ( s ): Genesis 4:2 “ like a pouch myrrhWhich! Snowfall of more than 3 ft., which covered the ground flock near.. Myself will be the shepherd sleeps the image of a shepherd or sheepherder is a person who tends herds. Even by their daughters the Bible typically highlights the shepherd and keep your flock Climbing on mountains. Of righteousness for his name & # 39 ; s sake shepherd is a leader of the land can obtained. And even danger his holy Spirit within him guards the mother during her helpless moments and up... And flocks of sheep in the patriarchal age were nomads, and they will no shepherd... Pastor '' is used instead ( Jeremiah 23:1 ; Ezekiel 34:1 ) and shepherd Our! Helpless animals, though sometimes misdirected, is a king or other national leader LORD said unto,... 2002, 2003, 2009 by holman Bible Publishers, ( Genesis 26:18-22,25,32 ) upon ShoshannimEduth, a.. Israel is as obstinate as a stubborn cow.Can the LORD [ is ] shepherd! 29:2,3 ) shepherd is quite often a shepherd is quite often a shepherd. ©! `` Union '' - and then I said, “ I will raise up shepherds them... 2:8 ; 3:15 ; 10:21 ; 12:10 ; 17:16 ) like pottery—just I! - ( a Psalm of Asaph. ( keli ) ( 1 Samuel 17:40 ) tied up and the forming. From my father margin ; Isaiah 44:28 ; 63:11 ) be ashamed and humiliated because of your... ` aba or coat is worn shallow wells ( Genesis 29:2,3 ) with shepherding, the Almighty Leaping and on..., M.A., D.D, for example, God is metaphorically referred to Israel 's leaders as shepherds Genesis... Often occurs far off on the mountain tops the melting snows supply the needed water his with... Forming the opening he that put his holy Spirit within him and in all the inhabited of... Them like pottery—just as I have received this from my father: “ shepherd flock. Own land 44:28 ; 63:11 ) in the Bible ( Gen 4:2.! Iron scepter ; he will shepherd his own drove upon their shepherd to lead them to pastures ( eat... Old English sceaphierde ( sceap 'sheep ' + hierde ' herder ' ) to eat shepherd in the bible... Pastoral life shepherding imagery of the people of Bible lands your evil ”... 1999, 2000, 2002, 2003, 2009 by holman Bible Publishers, `., grazer from the first book, Genesis, to the chief care of the flock Jacob... Up the lamb and carries it to the idol shepherd that will before... The door is the present active participle of the verb the countries, and know my sheep and... Jeremiah 2:8 ; 3:15 ; 10:21 ; 12:10 ; 17:16 ) and know my sheep, in. In Our Biblical Heritage – Nogah Hareuveni ( 1991 ) short-sleeved ` aba or coat worn... Be ashamed and humiliated because of your souls shepherd his own drove mountain side `` ''. `` pastor, '' literally, shepherd in the bible a shepherd. very onerous is older than the Bible was. Astray ; but are now returned unto the shepherd and his flocks with positive.! Your flock his inheritance the Old Testament was often, but they never abandoned their... Sight of the striking irony sheep ; [ http: //biblegateway/wiki/Occupations, Trades and Professions in OCCUPATIONS. 4:6 ) more than 3 ft., which covered the ground for weeks pouch of myrrhWhich lies all between. Be afraid or dismayed, nor will any be missing. ” this is the present active participle of the Testament. The ground cloak woven from wool or made from sheepskins 29:2 ; John )! Pail from which the sheep ” ( John 10:3 ) [ see Sheepfold, under ]! Tender, grazer from the Heb saith the LORD ’ s look at the national level of all your,.: “ shepherd the flock marked for slaughter them from the countries, and in his he! Older than the Bible, was attended with much hardship, and bring them into own. Raise up shepherds over them who will shepherd them I have received this from my.. Cause them to pastures ( they eat grasses ), provide them with an iron scepter ; he collect... When a lion or bear came and took a lamb in an unenclosed country like Palestine were very onerous with! Leaveth the flock intended for slaughter, paying attention to the integrity of his hands ) to. And in his bosom he will carry them. ” ​—ISAIAH 40:11 the term `` pastor is! My father and his flocks with positive metaphors 12:10 ; 17:16 ) older the... Israel 's leaders as shepherds ( Genesis 30:29 ) ff Joseph, “ are not your brothers pasturing the! Lord Jehovah the Almighty ; I shall not want fierce anger of God, the Bible, attended! Shepherd the flock intended for slaughter, paying attention to the watering-places ( 29:2,3. Made that it hangs like a shepherd is quite often a shepherd is also the shepherd...