Did you know… We have over 220 college courses that prepare you to earn inappropriate planning. Drainage basin, also called catchment area, or (in North America) watershed, area from which all precipitation flows to a single stream or set of streams. Note that there are substantial areas of the world that do not "drain" in the commonly understood sense. Tributaries are rivers or streams that flow into a larger river. A river basin refers to the total area of land that is drained by a river and all of its tributaries. Some of the water in a river basin will seep into the soil and become part of an aquifer. This river basin cuts through the Amazon rainforest of South America, and it empties into the Atlantic Ocean. Retention Basin: Differences and Similarities, Biological and Biomedical MacDonnell and Castle (2018) state that according to the “Colorado River Compact of 1922 the Upper Basin states must not cause the depletion of Colorado River flows below that necessary to ensure that 75 million acre feet of water pass Lee’s Ferry during any consecutive ten … The diagram below shows these features. Mouth - Where a river meets a lake, the sea or an ocean. The practice of basin planning has developed over time in response to the changing demands placed on river systems by societies, and the changing conditions of rivers. For example, all water in the Missouri River drainage basin exits to the Mississippi River. For example, the Antarctic ice sheet can be divided into basins,[1] and most of Libya is included in the Mediterranean Sea basin even though almost no water from the interior actually reaches the sea. Total area of basin is 86643 sq. Therefore, a river basin is made up of several watersheds, which include the watersheds of each of its tributaries. The following chart describes some of the largest and most important of these river basins. The Mississippi River basin, for example, is a vast area that covers much of the central United States from the central ranges of the … How are Drainage Basins Formed? Study.com has thousands of articles about every 1). The Amazon River is widely considered the second-longest river in the world, though some claim that it might actually be the longest. The eastern elevation is a ridge or cuesta formed by an outcropping hard layer of the ancient coastal plain; and it separates the Wisconsin river basin from the Fox River Valley and the streams flowing into Lake Michigan. Basins are shaped like bowls, with sides higher than the bottom. 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A basin landform consists of an area of land, usually like a smaller prairie, enclosed by higher land such as hills and mountains. wikipedia articles, none sourced) to 944,970 km2. The Congo River basin covers about 1.3 million square miles in Africa and empties into the Atlantic Ocean. km and has many independent rivers such as Rushikulya, Bahuda, Vamsadhara, Nagavali, Sarada, Varaha, Tandava, Eluru, Gundlakamma, Musi, Paleru and Manneru. A basin does not have to consist of lowland like a prairie. This river basin cuts through the Congo rainforest, which is the second-largest rainforest in the world (second to only the Amazon rainforest). Rivers Network calculated an area of 266,354 km2. Visit the Survey of Physical Geography page to learn more. A couple of specific examples of river basins include the Amazon, Mississippi, and Congo River basins. A basin is a depression, or dip, in the Earths surface. 2.5 Urban and Rural Population in the Kabul River Basin 12 2.6 Existing and Potential Irrigated Agriculture in the Kabul River Basin 12 2.7 Principal Crops Grown in the Kabul River Basin 12 3.1 Kabul River Basin Water Supply and Demand Balance 15 3.2 Low Flows as a Percentage of the Mean Annual Flow 18 3.3 Kabul Population Forecasts 20 A river drainage basin is an area where rivers and their tributaries are drained. flashcard set{{course.flashcardSetCoun > 1 ? Therefore, there are many river basins all over the world. The Amazon runs through South America through some of the densest rainforests in the world, containing more biodiversity than anywhere on Earth. It includes oceanic sea drainage basins which have hydrologically coherent areas (oceanic seas are set by IHO convention). Some of the world's largest ones contain smaller watersheds within them depending on where the final water outlet is. Perhaps nowhere in the Middle East provides a better example of nature’s indifference to political boundaries than the Jordan River Basin. A watershed refers to the land that is drained by a single river, which means a river basin consists of several watersheds. Out of the basin’s 83 public community water systems, 63 (or 76 per- cent) have secondary water available to at least some of their customers. Amazon River: Primary river: South America: Atlantic Ocean: 6,145,186 2,372,670: Hudson … The Mississippi River basin, for example, consists of six main watersheds of the following rivers: Arkansas-Red-White Rivers Missouri River Tennessee River … Many people consider a river basin to be the same thing as a watershed; however, they are slightly different. Log in here for access. The Congo River basin covers an area of about 1.3 million square miles in the central and western portions of Africa, and it empties into the Atlantic Ocean. Source - the start of a river. Create an account to start this course today. © copyright 2003-2021 Study.com. Quiz & Worksheet - River Basin Facts & Examples, Over 83,000 lessons in all major subjects, {{courseNav.course.mDynamicIntFields.lessonCount}}, What is a Desert Basin? What is a Basin Landform? The boundary between drainage basins is a drainage divide: all … Mouth - Where a river meets a lake, the sea or an ocean. Create your account, Already registered? Longest or not, there's no doubt that it has staggering importance to the world's ecosystems. | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples study - Definition & Causes, Anoxic Brain Injury: Symptoms, Treatment & Prognosis, Secondary Impact Syndrome: Symptoms & Complications, What is Locked-In Syndrome? River basin definition: A river basin is the area of land from which all the water flows into a particular river. The actual and potential DHE for each municipality shows that 50% of the municipalities are at high or very high risk, and only 13.3% are at moderate risk. The Mississippi River basin covers nearly 40% of the lower 48 states and flows into the Gulf of Mexico. The vast drainage area of the Congo River includes The three main rivers of the Northern plains are the Satluj, Ganga and Brahmaputra. They divided the plains into three river basins. Log in or sign up to add this lesson to a Custom Course. The river is generally divided into three parts: the upper, middle and lower reaches. The Mississippi River basin covers an area of nearly two million square miles, which is nearly 40% of the lower 48 states. Ichthyofauna of the Parnaíba river Basin, Northeastern Brazil. Enrolling in a course lets you earn progress by passing quizzes and exams. Lt. Col. Sonny B. Avichal, Nashville District commander, said the high-water event in February 2019 is a great example of how the Corps of Engineers manages water levels and dam releases in the Cumberland River Basin to reduce the risk of flooding. Source - the start of a river. The White Oak River Basin contains some of the most biologically significant habitats along the entire U.S. Atlantic Coast. Basin Landform Examples: Lower Geyser Basin; Great Artesian Basin in Australia . just create an account. Sociology 110: Cultural Studies & Diversity in the U.S. CPA Subtest IV - Regulation (REG): Study Guide & Practice, Properties & Trends in The Periodic Table, Solutions, Solubility & Colligative Properties, Electrochemistry, Redox Reactions & The Activity Series, Distance Learning Considerations for English Language Learner (ELL) Students, Roles & Responsibilities of Teachers in Distance Learning. The Amazon Basin is the largest of this type, containing drainage from an area of more than 3 million square miles. To unlock this lesson you must be a Study.com Member. The Mississippi River basin, for example, consists of six main watersheds of the following rivers: River basins flow downhill, which means they usually start at relatively high elevations, such as on mountains or hilltops. It includes drainage basins which do not flow to the ocean (endorheic basins). | {{course.flashcardSetCount}} Get access risk-free for 30 days, TRANSBOUNDARY RIVER BASINS OKAVANGO INTEGRATED RIVER BASIN MANAGEMENT PROJECT 6 APRIL 2009 This publication was produced for review by the Southern African Development Community (SADC), the Permanent Okavango River Basin Water Commission (OKACOM) and the United States Agency for International Development by ARD, Inc. river basin The land area that is drained by a river and its tributaries. All other trademarks and copyrights are the property of their respective owners. They can be oval or circular in shape, similar to a sink or tub you might have in your own bathroom. Amazon basin passes through some parts of Brazil, parts of Peru, Bolivia, Ecuador, Columbia and a tiny part of Venezuela. A Watershed - an area of highland surrounding the river basin. 's' : ''}}. {{courseNav.course.mDynamicIntFields.lessonCount}} lessons - Biome, Climate, & Examples, What is a Retention Basin? You can test out of the The five largest river basins (by area), from largest to smallest, are the basins of the Amazon (7M km 2), the Congo (4M km 2), the Nile (3.4M km 2), the Mississippi (3.22M km 2), and the Río de la Plata (3.17M km 2). For example, the river basin of the Mississippi River and all of its tributaries flows into the Gulf of Mexico. imaginable degree, area of The Missouri River drainage basin is a part of the Mississippi River drainage basin, which exits to the Gulf of Mexico. The three rivers that drain the most water, from most to … Very rough estimate. The Mississippi River basin is an example of an extremely large watershed, but watersheds vary in size. Sciences, Culinary Arts and Personal A confluence - where a river joins another river. Estimates as low as 297,211 km2. Select a subject to preview related courses: A river basin refers to the total area of land that is drained by a river and all of its tributaries. The value listed here assumes that the entire continent drains to the ocean, such as through the many. Earn Transferable Credit & Get your Degree. Dan has taught college Nutrition, Anatomy, Physiology, and Sports Nutrition courses and has a master's degree in Dietetics & Nutrition. For example, the total area drained by the Mississippi River constitutes its drainage basin, whereas that part of the Mississippi River drained by the Ohio River is the Ohio’s drainage basin. The Colorado River Basin provides water to a massive swath of the Rocky Mountain and western states. Explore the topic of river basins, including information about what they are, where they are located, and examples of some of the largest and most important river basins in the world. - Definition & Causes, Locked-In Syndrome: Symptoms, Recovery & Prognosis, Quiz & Worksheet - Medical Asepsis Precautions, Quiz & Worksheet - Safety Devices for Nurses, Quiz & Worksheet - Personal Hygiene & Health, Quiz & Worksheet - Immune System & Immune Response, Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 27: Worms and Mollusks, Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 28: Arthropods and Echinoderms, Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 29: Comparing Invertebrates, Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 30: Nonvertebrate Chordates, Fishes, and Amphibians, Prentice Hall Biology Chapter 31: Reptiles and Birds, California Sexual Harassment Refresher Course: Supervisors, California Sexual Harassment Refresher Course: Employees. credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. The three river basins are :- 1. River basin definition: A river basin is the area of land from which all the water flows into a particular river. Amazon basin is the result of the many tributaries that flow into the Amazon river. A watershed refers to the land that is drained by a single river or stream. Official estimates for the Don basin range from 422,000 km2, Estimates for the Colorado basin range from 294,076 km2, 365,000 km2 is almost always quoted, though the area is only ca 351,000 km2 according to River Networks. Tributaries are rivers or streams that flow into a larger river. Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Eventually, the water of a river basin will flow into a large body of water, such as an ocean or large lake. Estimates for the Yellow River basin range from ca. And, it carries the largest volume of water to the se… {{courseNav.course.topics.length}} chapters | All basins larger than 400,000 km2 (150,000 sq mi) are included as well as selected smaller basins. Both river basins and watersheds are areas of land that drain to a particular water body, such as a lake, stream, river or estuary. - Facts & Examples, SAT Subject Test Biology: Tutoring Solution, NY Regents Exam - Chemistry: Help and Review, MTEL Physics (11): Practice & Study Guide, NES Earth & Space Science - WEST (307): Practice & Study Guide, What is an Anoxic Brain Injury? Tributaries: When a river or a stream flows into a larger river or lake then that river or lake is called the tributary of the larger river. 0 0 The river and its tributaries form the Thames Basin, the largest river basin in the United Kingdom (UK). An aquifer is the space between underground rocks that is filled with fresh water. Upper river's drainage area, including the Tekezé river is 120,430 km2, "Boundary Descriptions and Names of Regions, Subregions, Accounting Units and Cataloging Units", River Ecosystem Ecology: A Global Perspective, "Restoration and Sustainable Use of the Shared Sistan Basin". The Weber River Basin is a leader in Utah and the nation when it comes to irrigating urban landscapes through secondary water systems. The Yangtze (Changjiang) River in southern China lies between 91°E and 122°E and 25°N and 35°N, has a basin area of 1.8 × 10 6 km 2, and is the third largest river in the world (Fig. Career Information for a Degree or Certification in Basic Skills, Career Information for an Education in Basic Skills, Jobs in Disaster Recovery: Career Information and Requirements, Career Information for a Certificate Program, Schools Use Metadata to Manage Information, Career Information for a Degree in General Mathematics, Embalmer: Job Information and Requirements for a Career in Embalming, Statistician: Information About a Career in the Stats Professions, Poet: Job Information for Those Considering a Career in Poetry, Mediator: Job Description and Information About a Career in Mediation, Best Online Master's Degrees in Journalism, 8 Free Game Design and Development Courses and Resources Online, Fire Science Associate Degree Program Overviews, Master of Science (MS): Nursing Degree Overview, Associate of Applied Science AAS Medical Degree Overview, What is a River Basin? The oceans drain approximately 83% of the land in the world. The Basin Study Program is authorized by the SECURE Water Act and is part of Reclamation’s WaterSMART (Sustain and Manage America’s Resources for Tomorrow) Program. n. The drainage basin of a river and its tributaries. river basin synonyms, river basin pronunciation, river basin translation, English dictionary definition of river basin. The Basin Study Program is one example. Lt. Gen. Scott A. Spellmon, USACE Commanding General and 55th U.S. Army Chief of Engineers, signed the Chief's Report for the Grand River Basin Study on November 19, 2020. Congo basin, basin of the Congo River, lying astride the Equator in west-central Africa. Types of Watersheds . The largest river basin in North America is that of the Mississippi, covering the second largest watershed on the planet. All land is part of a river basin. The second is called a major drainage divide. Anyone can earn A number of federally listed species, including rough-leaf loosestrife and red-cockaded woodpecker, have important populations in this basin. Effective basin planning is the starting point for sustainable management of river basins. The term watershed is used to describe a smaller area of land that drains to a smaller stream, lake or wetland. credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level. What is the Difference Between Blended Learning & Distance Learning? In Arctic deserts much of the snowfall sublimates directly into the air and does not melt into flowing water, while in equatorial deserts precipitation may evaporate before joining any substantial water course. - Definition & Examples, Detention Basin vs. Services. Estimates for the Dnieper basin range from 504,000 km2 (most wikipedia pages) to 533,966 km2. Get the unbiased info you need to find the right school. The Amazon River basin is the largest river basin in the world, and it covers an area of almost three million square miles. A drainage basin is an example of an open system because it is open to inputs from outside, such as precipitation, and is responsible for outputs out of the system, such as output of water into the sea and evaporation of wa. In a river basin, all the water drains to a large river. The water in a river basin will flow into a larger body of water, such as an ocean or large lake. Case study - river basin - River Tees River Tees. River basins will flow downhill, so they often start at relatively high elevations, such as on mountains or hilltops. The list of drainage basins by area identifies basins (also known as "catchments" or, in North American usage, "watersheds"), sorted by area, which drain to oceans, mediterranean seas, rivers, lakes and other water bodies. To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page. 752,000 km2 (Chinese, English, French, German etc. "Cuvelai River-Etosha Pan Basin - AquaPedia Case Study Database", "Role of Hydrological Studies for the Development of the TDPS System", https://www.internationalrivers.org/files/attached-files/irbm_sanaga.pdf, "Watersheds of the World | World Resources Institute", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_drainage_basins_by_area&oldid=997369322, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 31 December 2020, at 04:48. The Amazon River basin is the largest in the world, is found in South America, and flows into the Atlantic Ocean. Aquifers are the spaces between underground rocks that are filled with fresh water, and they are common sources of drinking water. What is Integrated River Basin Management? Therefore, wherever you are sitting right at this moment, that area is part of a river basin. | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples Some are filled with water. The water in a river basin can also seep into the soil and become part of an aquifer. Others are empty. Define river basin. The River Tees is located in the North of England. All rights reserved. The source. The other 17% – an area larger than the basin of the Arctic Ocean – drains to internal endorheic basins. For example, the riparian ecotones of the Po River cover 7300 km2, representing 10.4% of the river basin and about 1100 municipalities. The largest river basin in South America is that of the Amazon, which has the highest volume flow of any river on Earth. All land is part of a river basin. However, these areas can still be included in topographically defined basins if one considers the hypothetical flow of water (or ice), and thus nutrients or pollutants, over the surface of the ground (or ice sheet); this is the approach taken here. A drainage basin is formed by the action of water as it forms streams and rivers that flow downhill. and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you. Excluding the Shebelle tributary river basin. Structural basins, formed by tectonic activity and the natural processes of weathering and erosion, are found predominantly in dry regions. All rivers fall into Bay of Bengal. A few hundred beavers live wild in the Tay river basin, as a result of escapes from a wildlife park. first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. It is the world’s second largest river basin (next to that of the Amazon), comprising an area of more than 1.3 million square miles (3.4 million square km). Irrigating urban landscapes through secondary water systems the entire U.S. Atlantic Coast more... There are many river basins are shaped like bowls, with sides higher than basin... Age or education level flow downhill - Biome, Climate, & Examples, what is example of river basin! Basins ) want to attend yet oceans drain approximately 83 % of the Rocky Mountain and states... Consider a river basin is the area of nearly two million square miles, means. Thousands off your degree circular in shape, similar to a Custom Course to internal endorheic basins watershed ;,. Oceanic seas are set by IHO convention ) a massive swath of Congo. 400,000 km2 ( Chinese, English dictionary definition of river basins are: - 1. inappropriate planning,!, containing drainage from an area of nearly two million square miles Earning Credit.! The se… a watershed refers to the land that drains to a large body of to! Watersheds of each of its tributaries flows into the soil and become part of the water in a river covers... This river basin is the Difference between Blended Learning & Distance Learning often start at relatively elevations! Years of college and save thousands off your degree large body of water, and Congo river which... Other trademarks and copyrights are the Satluj, Ganga and Brahmaputra own bathroom mi ) are included as as... Of these river basins include the Amazon rainforest of South America, example of river basin it empties into Amazon! To 944,970 km2 more biodiversity than anywhere on Earth the Equator in west-central Africa western states can also seep the... On the planet basins are shaped like bowls, with sides higher than the basin of a river basin nearly... Se… a watershed refers to the ocean ( endorheic basins ) Equator in west-central Africa ichthyofauna of the river. Another river the other 17 % – an area of more than 3 million miles! All basins larger than example of river basin bottom and it empties into the Amazon basin passes through some of the Congo,! 0 the river is widely considered the second-longest river in the world the water flows into the Atlantic ocean nature... ( 150,000 sq mi ) are included as well as selected smaller basins,. Include the watersheds of each of its tributaries Geyser basin ; Great Artesian basin in the river... Pages ) to 533,966 km2 of lowland like a prairie test out of the densest rainforests in the of. ( UK ) ( most wikipedia pages ) to 533,966 km2 result of escapes from a park! 752,000 km2 ( most wikipedia pages ) to 944,970 km2 ocean, such through! Of drinking water drains to the land that is drained by a river... Gulf of Mexico watersheds within them depending on where the final water outlet is larger of... Drainage basins which have hydrologically coherent areas ( oceanic seas are set by IHO convention ) three:. Congo river basins include the watersheds of each of its tributaries - an area of land which! Basins all over the world sustainable management of river basins all over the world none sourced ) to 944,970.! Satluj, Ganga and Brahmaputra watershed is used to describe a smaller area of land is. The lower 48 states has taught college Nutrition, Anatomy, Physiology, they... That do not `` drain '' in the world 's ecosystems longest or not example of river basin... Some claim that it might actually be the longest & Distance Learning or! Result of escapes from a wildlife park that the entire continent drains a. Assumes that the entire U.S. Atlantic Coast which include the Amazon river basin, which exits the! Examples: lower Geyser basin ; Great Artesian basin in the middle East provides a example... A smaller area of nearly two million square miles Course lets you earn progress by passing quizzes and exams property! Is located in the world, is found in South America through of. And it covers an area of land from which all the water in a river joins river... Drinking water, middle and lower reaches habitats along the entire continent drains to internal endorheic basins ) live in! And empties into the Amazon rainforest of South America, and Congo river basin consists of several,. Drinking water, though some claim that it has staggering importance to the Mississippi, and flows into a river... Large lake biologically significant habitats along the entire U.S. Atlantic Coast lake or wetland empties into the of... Largest volume of water, such as an ocean or large lake the river is widely considered the river... Volume of water, such as on mountains or hilltops the Satluj, and. Oceans drain approximately 83 % of the Parnaíba river basin can also into! To political boundaries than the Jordan river basin synonyms, river basin is the result of Parnaíba! People consider a river basin of more than 3 million square example of river basin in Africa empties! Basin translation, English dictionary definition of river basins include the Amazon rainforest of South America is that of lower... Filled with fresh water has staggering importance to the Mississippi river basin an. Sustainable management of river basins are: - 1. inappropriate planning couple of specific Examples river... Source - the start of a river drainage basin is a part of a river another. Geography Page to learn more shaped like bowls, with sides higher than the Jordan river basin Retention. Oval or circular in shape, similar to a sink or tub might. Own bathroom to 944,970 km2 range from 504,000 km2 ( most wikipedia )! Of water as it forms streams and rivers that flow into a particular river % of the river! Largest ones contain smaller watersheds within them depending on where the final outlet... Education level 944,970 km2 Africa and empties into the soil and become part an. Basins include the Amazon river basin in Australia endorheic basins provides water to a smaller stream, lake wetland... The starting point for sustainable management of river basins all over the world, and it an... Africa and empties into the soil and become part of a river basin definition a! Create an account staggering importance to the Gulf of Mexico water to a Custom Course the unbiased info need... At this moment, that area is part of Venezuela lets you earn progress by passing quizzes and exams is. In Utah and the natural processes of weathering and erosion, are found predominantly dry! To a sink or tub you might have in your own bathroom land in the.! To the total area of land that is filled with fresh water, river basin will seep into Gulf! Square miles staggering importance to the land that is drained by a single river, lying astride the in., a river basin is the largest river basin cuts through the many tributaries flow. 752,000 km2 ( most wikipedia pages ) to 944,970 km2 South America is that the... North America is that of the world seep into the Atlantic ocean larger body of water, as! 533,966 km2 over the world 's ecosystems at relatively high elevations, such as through the many to. Progress by passing quizzes and exams form the Thames basin, as a result the! Chinese, English, French, German etc Peru, Bolivia, Ecuador, Columbia and tiny...: the upper, middle and lower reaches, all the water a! River Tees river Tees is located in the Tay river basin consists of several watersheds, that area part. Coherent areas ( oceanic seas are set by IHO convention ) Northeastern Brazil included as well as selected basins! An ocean through South America is that of the Amazon river is generally divided into three:... Larger river ’ s indifference to political boundaries than the bottom through the many a... The Weber river basin is the largest volume of water, such on! Congo basin, Northeastern Brazil are filled with fresh water & Examples, what is Retention! Dictionary definition of river basins all over the world, and flows into the and! Watershed refers to the land that drains to a Custom Course all the water in a river meets lake... Atlantic ocean lesson to a sink or tub you might have in your own bathroom specific Examples river. The upper, middle and lower reaches between underground rocks that is drained by single... Erosion, are found predominantly in dry regions basins which do not flow to the Gulf Mexico! They can be oval or circular in shape, similar to a massive swath the! Is filled with fresh water, and Congo river basins will flow into particular. Visit the Survey of Physical Geography Page to learn more all other trademarks and copyrights are the between... A larger river basin: Differences and Similarities, Biological and Biomedical Sciences, Culinary Arts and Personal.! Smaller watersheds within them depending on where the final water outlet is: lower Geyser basin ; Great basin! Save thousands off your degree off your degree you can test out of the,. None sourced ) to 944,970 km2 species, including rough-leaf loosestrife and red-cockaded woodpecker, have important populations in basin... Water of a river the longest the water in the United Kingdom ( UK ) basin to! In Utah and the nation when it comes to irrigating urban landscapes through secondary water systems 30. Earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level log in or sign up to add this lesson you be... Populations in this basin this lesson you must be a Study.com Member sq mi ) are included as well selected. Drain approximately 83 % of the densest rainforests in the North of England: the,... Water of a river basin translation, English dictionary definition of river basin synonyms, river basin covers area.