Practice: Classical Greek society. This period is from 500 B.C. The Archaic Period is preceded by the Greek Dark Age (c.1200- 800 BCE), a period about which little is known for sure, and followed by the Classical Period (c. 510- 323 BCE), … Key Terms The Parthenon housed a massive gold and ivory statue of the goddess Athena. The Classical period itself lasted from approximately 1775 to 1825. This era also saw the building of the Parthenon and conflict with neighboring empires such as the Persian Empire. Philosophy: Socrates, Plato and Aristotle. During the Classical period, Greek culture reached its apex, producing great architectural shapes in buildings such as the Parthenon, philosophy and theatre. The human form began being depicted in stances of movement, particularly in athletic movement; it was also the beginning of the Greek physical ideal. This is the currently selected item. Practice: Classical Greece . Classical Greek society. Most notably, he founded the Hippocratic school of medicine, which revolutionized medicine in ancient Greece by establishing it as a discipline distinct from other fields, and making medicine a profession. Classical Greek culture. Classical Greek Society and Culture. Despite the Persian expansionism wars, the Greeks did not settle for a stable peace among them and especially between the two major powers of that time, Athens and Sparta, leading to the Peloponnesian War. It was a period of political, philosophical, artistic, and scientific achievements that formed a legacy with unparalleled influence on Western civilization. Habib. This is the era of the epic poets Homer and Hesiod, and of the lyric poets Archilochus, Ibycus, Alcaeus and Sappho. M.A.R. One of the most important developments was the full creation and implementation of the democratic system. Much of what we know about this period in art comes from literature and historical writings from the era, such as those of Pliny. List the three phases of the Classical Period in Greek art, including dates and important events. Greece experienced the Classical Period from 510 BC to 334 BC, a period studded with violence but famous for its cultural developments. The name classical is applied to the period because in art and literature, there was keen interest in, admiration for, and emulation of the classical artistic and literary heritage of Greece and Rome. Hippocrates was a physician of the classical period, and is considered one of the most outstanding figures in the history of medicine. • 400-323 BCE: Late Classical - Marked by the death of Alexander the Great. • 450-400 BCE: High Classical - Marked by the Pericles and the Golden Age. Bodies took on a natural, more realistic form. Classical. This was the time when the genre of history was first established. Practice: Classical Greek culture and society. The Greek Archaic Period (c. 800- 479 BCE) started from what can only be termed uncertainty, and ended with the Persians being ejected from Greece for good after the battles of Plataea and Mykale in 479 BCE.. to 323 B.C. • 480-450 BCE: Early Classical - Marked by the defeat of Persians in 480 BCE. Ancient Greek civilization, the period following Mycenaean civilization, which ended about 1200 BCE, to the death of Alexander the Great, in 323 BCE. Classical Period (500 – 336 BC) This was a thriving era in Ancient Greek history. Besides war and conquest, in the Classical period, the Greeks produced great literature, poetry, philosophy, drama, and art. The period known as “archaic” Greece begins around 800 years before the birth of Christ. It also produced the institution we know of as Athenian democracy. Prelude to the Peloponnesian War. During the classical period Greece reached its height of success, economically and culturally. 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